Enhancing governance and health system accountability for people centered healthcare: an exploratory study of community scorecards in Afghanistan View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

Anbrasi Edward, Kojo Osei-Bonsu, Casey Branchini, Temor shah Yarghal, Said Habib Arwal, Ahmad Jan Naeem

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The premise of patient-centered care is to empower patients to become active participants in their own care and receive health services focused on their individual needs and preferences. Afghanistan has evidenced enormous gains in coverage and utilization, but the quality of care remains suboptimal, as evidenced in the balanced scorecard (BSC) performance assessments. In the United States and throughout Africa and Asia, community scorecards (CSC) have proved effective in improving accountability and responsiveness of services. This study represents the first attempt to assess CSC feasibility in a fragile context (Afghanistan) through joint engagement of service providers and community members in the design of patient-centered services with the objective of assessing impact on service delivery and perceived quality of care. METHODS: Six primary healthcare facilities were randomly selected in three provinces (Bamyan, Takhar and Nangarhar) and communities in their catchment area were selected for the study. Employing a multi-stakeholder strategy, community members and leaders, health councils, facility providers, NGO managers, and provincial directorates were engaged in a five-phase process to jointly identify structural and service delivery indicators (about 20), score performance and subsequently develop action plans for instituting improvements through participatory research methods. Three rounds of CSC assessments were conducted in each community. Over 470 community members, 34 health providers, and other provincial ministry staff participated in the performance audits. RESULTS: Structural capacity indicators including the number and cadre of service providers, particularly female providers, water and power supply, waiting rooms, essential medicines, and equipment scored low in the first round (30-50%). Provider courtesy and quality of care received high scores (>90%) throughout the study. Unrealistic community demands for ambulances and specialist doctors were mitigated by community education of entitlements described in the national standards for essential package of services. The joint interface meeting facilitated transparent dialogue between the community and providers and resulted in creative and participatory problem solving mechanisms and mobilization of resources. CONCLUSION: These results indicate the potential of the CSC as a tool for enhancing social accountability for patient-centered care. However, the process requires skilled facilitators to effectively engage communities and healthcare providers and adaptation to specific healthcare contexts. More... »

PAGES

299

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034913320

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26227814


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Afghanistan", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Benchmarking", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Delivery of Health Care", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Government Programs", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Health Personnel", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Medical Assistance", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Patient-Centered Care", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Quality Assurance, Health Care", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Social Responsibility", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Johns Hopkins University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21107.35", 
          "name": [
            "Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, 21205, Baltimore, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Edward", 
        "givenName": "Anbrasi", 
        "id": "sg:person.0701100201.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0701100201.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Babson College", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423152.3", 
          "name": [
            "Babson College, Mailbox #363, 02457, Babson Park, MA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Osei-Bonsu", 
        "givenName": "Kojo", 
        "id": "sg:person.01350322421.22", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01350322421.22"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Johns Hopkins University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21107.35", 
          "name": [
            "Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, 21205, Baltimore, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Branchini", 
        "givenName": "Casey", 
        "id": "sg:person.0624716321.00", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0624716321.00"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ministry of Public Health", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.490670.c", 
          "name": [
            "Future Health Systems Consultant, CBHC Department, Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yarghal", 
        "givenName": "Temor shah", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ministry of Public Health", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.490670.c", 
          "name": [
            "CBHC Department, Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Arwal", 
        "givenName": "Said Habib", 
        "id": "sg:person.0624525163.23", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0624525163.23"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ministry of Public Health", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.490670.c", 
          "name": [
            "Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Naeem", 
        "givenName": "Ahmad Jan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01160714165.66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01160714165.66"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzs058", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005174361"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-011-0009-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011157769", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-011-0009-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61558-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012113642"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61406-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021589175"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001066", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030666184"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jp.7211277", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034866654", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7211277"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jp.7211277", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034866654", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7211277"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001065", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037437762"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1744-8603-8-41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045569774", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-8603-8-41"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12245-009-0106-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049773793", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12245-009-0106-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12245-009-0106-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049773793", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12245-009-0106-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2009.124.2.735", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063352996"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f6753", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078816605"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-7888-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109347177"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-8335-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109735078"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2015-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2015-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: The premise of patient-centered care is to empower patients to become active participants in their own care and receive health services focused on their individual needs and preferences. Afghanistan has evidenced enormous gains in coverage and utilization, but the quality of care remains suboptimal, as evidenced in the balanced scorecard (BSC) performance assessments. In the United States and throughout Africa and Asia, community scorecards (CSC) have proved effective in improving accountability and responsiveness of services. This study represents the first attempt to assess CSC feasibility in a fragile context (Afghanistan) through joint engagement of service providers and community members in the design of patient-centered services with the objective of assessing impact on service delivery and perceived quality of care.\nMETHODS: Six primary healthcare facilities were randomly selected in three provinces (Bamyan, Takhar and Nangarhar) and communities in their catchment area were selected for the study. Employing a multi-stakeholder strategy, community members and leaders, health councils, facility providers, NGO managers, and provincial directorates were engaged in a five-phase process to jointly identify structural and service delivery indicators (about 20), score performance and subsequently develop action plans for instituting improvements through participatory research methods. Three rounds of CSC assessments were conducted in each community. Over 470 community members, 34 health providers, and other provincial ministry staff participated in the performance audits.\nRESULTS: Structural capacity indicators including the number and cadre of service providers, particularly female providers, water and power supply, waiting rooms, essential medicines, and equipment scored low in the first round (30-50%). Provider courtesy and quality of care received high scores (>90%) throughout the study. Unrealistic community demands for ambulances and specialist doctors were mitigated by community education of entitlements described in the national standards for essential package of services. The joint interface meeting facilitated transparent dialogue between the community and providers and resulted in creative and participatory problem solving mechanisms and mobilization of resources.\nCONCLUSION: These results indicate the potential of the CSC as a tool for enhancing social accountability for patient-centered care. However, the process requires skilled facilitators to effectively engage communities and healthcare providers and adaptation to specific healthcare contexts.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1327417", 
        "issn": [
          "1472-6963"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Health Services Research", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "15"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Enhancing governance and health system accountability for people centered healthcare: an exploratory study of community scorecards in Afghanistan", 
    "pagination": "299", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "a6507dc01ec099a0974b58dfd20d00a1ad5dede49f4c7cccb9ebae99b2747986"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "26227814"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101088677"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1034913320"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034913320"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:55", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000347_0000000347/records_89801_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12913-015-0946-5"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

201 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      54 URIs      33 LITERALS      21 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5 schema:about N26cb9e6953aa4d25a3e22d62292bc550
2 N32a522fd7a124be089b6cab6be464e9e
3 N4016a431ca3146b88044371b59c1c000
4 N56ec0a6a8f0a4d8b9fa26ff59a7d5e0b
5 N617f14f10a9b4834985fcf72437b4eec
6 N7a0869ecf241437ba65cc9c375a852e5
7 N9317b866bb374dce8410effab755dfc0
8 N9afafa831ef24b93b4a7db3649ec3c25
9 N9f6582a4d1e7471dab3fb3a66a1ef183
10 Nddd9abf00f344d0b9a3de1ee466fc541
11 Ne6fcd2abc0f245a78c0b0cfeec3ac109
12 Nfdd21f1bf718494e94b05af3ce7e6ece
13 anzsrc-for:11
14 anzsrc-for:1117
15 schema:author N71f71c4a2fbd44f79039251c4152287a
16 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-011-0009-9
17 sg:pub.10.1007/s12245-009-0106-y
18 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jp.7211277
19 sg:pub.10.1186/1744-8603-8-41
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61406-3
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61558-5
22 https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzs058
23 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f6753
24 https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2009.124.2.735
25 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001065
26 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001066
27 https://doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-7888-5
28 https://doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-8335-3
29 schema:datePublished 2015-12
30 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-12-01
31 schema:description BACKGROUND: The premise of patient-centered care is to empower patients to become active participants in their own care and receive health services focused on their individual needs and preferences. Afghanistan has evidenced enormous gains in coverage and utilization, but the quality of care remains suboptimal, as evidenced in the balanced scorecard (BSC) performance assessments. In the United States and throughout Africa and Asia, community scorecards (CSC) have proved effective in improving accountability and responsiveness of services. This study represents the first attempt to assess CSC feasibility in a fragile context (Afghanistan) through joint engagement of service providers and community members in the design of patient-centered services with the objective of assessing impact on service delivery and perceived quality of care. METHODS: Six primary healthcare facilities were randomly selected in three provinces (Bamyan, Takhar and Nangarhar) and communities in their catchment area were selected for the study. Employing a multi-stakeholder strategy, community members and leaders, health councils, facility providers, NGO managers, and provincial directorates were engaged in a five-phase process to jointly identify structural and service delivery indicators (about 20), score performance and subsequently develop action plans for instituting improvements through participatory research methods. Three rounds of CSC assessments were conducted in each community. Over 470 community members, 34 health providers, and other provincial ministry staff participated in the performance audits. RESULTS: Structural capacity indicators including the number and cadre of service providers, particularly female providers, water and power supply, waiting rooms, essential medicines, and equipment scored low in the first round (30-50%). Provider courtesy and quality of care received high scores (>90%) throughout the study. Unrealistic community demands for ambulances and specialist doctors were mitigated by community education of entitlements described in the national standards for essential package of services. The joint interface meeting facilitated transparent dialogue between the community and providers and resulted in creative and participatory problem solving mechanisms and mobilization of resources. CONCLUSION: These results indicate the potential of the CSC as a tool for enhancing social accountability for patient-centered care. However, the process requires skilled facilitators to effectively engage communities and healthcare providers and adaptation to specific healthcare contexts.
32 schema:genre research_article
33 schema:inLanguage en
34 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
35 schema:isPartOf N356c9741c46d42f088ffb15a1ba9507e
36 Nd72df9bd415645ffa54b400a6c8c707d
37 sg:journal.1327417
38 schema:name Enhancing governance and health system accountability for people centered healthcare: an exploratory study of community scorecards in Afghanistan
39 schema:pagination 299
40 schema:productId N3345d49e7ce24dfea3cc87b54db5be05
41 N876fdcabbab240cba1d905056fec7098
42 N8eae8409e84e4fc789adeced451cbfaf
43 Nad75bedcfb8b4dddaa29ecbe9b2de372
44 Nb1f63bd5b92342e5832820711e79ff68
45 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034913320
46 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5
47 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:55
48 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
49 schema:sdPublisher N98727d1d8f0849cf8f6dc6844d2dbc58
50 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12913-015-0946-5
51 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
52 sgo:sdDataset articles
53 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
54 N26cb9e6953aa4d25a3e22d62292bc550 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
55 schema:name Male
56 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
57 N32a522fd7a124be089b6cab6be464e9e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
58 schema:name Medical Assistance
59 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
60 N3345d49e7ce24dfea3cc87b54db5be05 schema:name readcube_id
61 schema:value a6507dc01ec099a0974b58dfd20d00a1ad5dede49f4c7cccb9ebae99b2747986
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 N356c9741c46d42f088ffb15a1ba9507e schema:issueNumber 1
64 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
65 N4016a431ca3146b88044371b59c1c000 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
66 schema:name Quality Assurance, Health Care
67 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
68 N4159ed414fc140fcb66c427bdd4594e5 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.490670.c
69 schema:familyName Yarghal
70 schema:givenName Temor shah
71 rdf:type schema:Person
72 N45aff689b2bd4b1e97202759bed70af5 rdf:first sg:person.0624525163.23
73 rdf:rest Nfa24a0e29ed746eaa2f9933e268bfb72
74 N56ec0a6a8f0a4d8b9fa26ff59a7d5e0b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
75 schema:name Benchmarking
76 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
77 N617f14f10a9b4834985fcf72437b4eec schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
78 schema:name Delivery of Health Care
79 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
80 N669a03cd08ce4a488a3a6b810ef7baa9 rdf:first sg:person.01350322421.22
81 rdf:rest N80a34c32610d4b1ca11887eaa8504c84
82 N6a2ce472d4624836a80cb8ac2b0720d2 rdf:first N4159ed414fc140fcb66c427bdd4594e5
83 rdf:rest N45aff689b2bd4b1e97202759bed70af5
84 N71f71c4a2fbd44f79039251c4152287a rdf:first sg:person.0701100201.07
85 rdf:rest N669a03cd08ce4a488a3a6b810ef7baa9
86 N7a0869ecf241437ba65cc9c375a852e5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
87 schema:name Afghanistan
88 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
89 N80a34c32610d4b1ca11887eaa8504c84 rdf:first sg:person.0624716321.00
90 rdf:rest N6a2ce472d4624836a80cb8ac2b0720d2
91 N876fdcabbab240cba1d905056fec7098 schema:name doi
92 schema:value 10.1186/s12913-015-0946-5
93 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
94 N8eae8409e84e4fc789adeced451cbfaf schema:name pubmed_id
95 schema:value 26227814
96 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
97 N9317b866bb374dce8410effab755dfc0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
98 schema:name Female
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 N98727d1d8f0849cf8f6dc6844d2dbc58 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
101 rdf:type schema:Organization
102 N9afafa831ef24b93b4a7db3649ec3c25 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
103 schema:name Patient-Centered Care
104 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
105 N9f6582a4d1e7471dab3fb3a66a1ef183 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
106 schema:name Humans
107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
108 Nad75bedcfb8b4dddaa29ecbe9b2de372 schema:name dimensions_id
109 schema:value pub.1034913320
110 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
111 Nb1f63bd5b92342e5832820711e79ff68 schema:name nlm_unique_id
112 schema:value 101088677
113 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
114 Nd72df9bd415645ffa54b400a6c8c707d schema:volumeNumber 15
115 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
116 Nddd9abf00f344d0b9a3de1ee466fc541 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
117 schema:name Health Personnel
118 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
119 Ne6fcd2abc0f245a78c0b0cfeec3ac109 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
120 schema:name Social Responsibility
121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
122 Nfa24a0e29ed746eaa2f9933e268bfb72 rdf:first sg:person.01160714165.66
123 rdf:rest rdf:nil
124 Nfdd21f1bf718494e94b05af3ce7e6ece schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
125 schema:name Government Programs
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
128 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
130 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
131 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 sg:journal.1327417 schema:issn 1472-6963
134 schema:name BMC Health Services Research
135 rdf:type schema:Periodical
136 sg:person.01160714165.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.490670.c
137 schema:familyName Naeem
138 schema:givenName Ahmad Jan
139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01160714165.66
140 rdf:type schema:Person
141 sg:person.01350322421.22 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423152.3
142 schema:familyName Osei-Bonsu
143 schema:givenName Kojo
144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01350322421.22
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 sg:person.0624525163.23 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.490670.c
147 schema:familyName Arwal
148 schema:givenName Said Habib
149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0624525163.23
150 rdf:type schema:Person
151 sg:person.0624716321.00 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21107.35
152 schema:familyName Branchini
153 schema:givenName Casey
154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0624716321.00
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 sg:person.0701100201.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21107.35
157 schema:familyName Edward
158 schema:givenName Anbrasi
159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0701100201.07
160 rdf:type schema:Person
161 sg:pub.10.1007/s10461-011-0009-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011157769
162 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-011-0009-9
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 sg:pub.10.1007/s12245-009-0106-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049773793
165 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12245-009-0106-y
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jp.7211277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034866654
168 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7211277
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 sg:pub.10.1186/1744-8603-8-41 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045569774
171 https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-8603-8-41
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61406-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021589175
174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
175 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(08)61558-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012113642
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzs058 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005174361
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f6753 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078816605
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2009.124.2.735 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063352996
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001065 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037437762
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001066 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030666184
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 https://doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-7888-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109347177
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 https://doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-8335-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109735078
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21107.35 schema:alternateName Johns Hopkins University
192 schema:name Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, 21205, Baltimore, MD, USA
193 rdf:type schema:Organization
194 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423152.3 schema:alternateName Babson College
195 schema:name Babson College, Mailbox #363, 02457, Babson Park, MA, USA
196 rdf:type schema:Organization
197 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.490670.c schema:alternateName Ministry of Public Health
198 schema:name CBHC Department, Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan
199 Future Health Systems Consultant, CBHC Department, Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan
200 Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan
201 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...