Communication in the face of death and dying - how does the encounter with death influence the patient management competence ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-01-10

AUTHORS

T. Thyson, M. Schallenburger, A. Scherg, A. Leister, J. Schwartz, M. Neukirchen

ABSTRACT

Background informationAs part of an elective course, the Interdisciplinary Centre for Palliative Medicine at Duesseldorf University Hospital offers medical students the opportunity to personally meet and talk to a seriously ill patient on one or more occasions. The future physicians are provided with an opportunity to broaden their professional competence, i.e. their knowledge and skills in patient-centred communication at the end of life, and enhance their personal competence, for example in how to professionally handle their own emotions. A topical e-learning module helps the students to prepare for the meetings, and writing a reflection paper forms the basis for the concluding reflection seminar.ObjectivesThe study’s objective is a global and outcome-based evaluation of the elective blended-learning course that provides real-world patient interaction. The outcome-based evaluation or outcome assessment aims to objectively evaluate changes identified in knowledge, skills and attitude among the participants of the elective-course. Furthermore, the evaluation aims to answer the question of whether changes especially in attitude (social skills and self-competence) should be expected after the students have met with severely ill or dying patients.MethodOn two questionnaires specifically developed for this survey the students were able to provide a global rating of the elective course and describe their learning gains in palliative care. The students’ learning gains were measured by means of 14 items reflecting the specific educational objectives of the offered elective course. Using the German school grading system as a rating scale, the students assessed their learning progress by retrospectively evaluating their skills before and after completion of the elective course (Comparative Self-Assessment, CSA).ResultsIn the time from April 2018 till March 2020, 62 students participated in the evaluation. Overall, learning progress among students could be observed across all areas of competence, and in 50% of all retrospective self-assessment items the learning gains were ≥ 50%. The highest learning gain (63.6%) was observed in the students’ ability to meet a severely ill patient without fear. The lowest learning gain was observed when students had to confront and accept their own mortality.ConclusionsThe offered elective course supports students in achieving social and self-competence development goals. According to the obtained results, contact with real-world patients helps mould the students’ attitude. More... »

PAGES

25

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12909-021-03060-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-021-03060-5

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1144561164

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35012542


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