Probiotics and yogurt modulate oxidative stress and fibrosis in livers of Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Manal F. El-Khadragy, Ebtesam M. Al-Olayan, Mohammed I. Y. Elmallah, Afra M. Alharbi, Hany M. Yehia, Ahmed E. Abdel Moneim

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Considerable morbidity, mortality, and economic loss result from schistosomiasis infection. Deposition of Schistosoma eggs in the hepatic portal vein is considered as the main causative agent for the development of liver fibrosis and subsequent liver cirrhosis. Probiotics are exogenous and beneficial microorganisms to living hosts against the harmful effect of many parasites. Strong evidence suggests the importance of probiotics in the control strategy of helminth. The ultimate goal of this study is to evaluate the protective effect of probiotics and yogurt on Schistosoma mansoni-induced oxidative stress and hepatic fibrosis in mice. METHODS: Mice were infected by tail immersion of schistosomal cercariae followed by an oral treatment with either probiotics or yogurt for one week before infection and immediately post-infection. Mice were scarified on day 56 following infection with S. mansoni and liver sample were obtained. RESULTS: We showed that oral administration of probiotics or yogurt revealed a significant reduction in worm number, egg load, and granuloma size in liver tissue, which is mainly assigned to the decreased expression level of matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP-9) in liver tissue. A significant reduction in the oxidative stress markers-induced by S. mansoni infection including lipid peroxidation and nitrite/nitrate was also detected. The level of some antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase) and reduced glutathione was greatly enhanced. Furthermore, treatment with probiotics or yogurt inhibited apoptosis in hepatic tissue, which is mainly assigned to the decreased expression level of caspases-3 in liver tissue. CONCLUSION: Our findings represent the promising anti-schistosomal activities of probiotics and yogurt. More... »

PAGES

3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111097049

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30606163


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Helwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d", 
          "name": [
            "Chair Vaccines Research of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia", 
            "Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia", 
            "Department of Zoology and Entomology, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "El-Khadragy", 
        "givenName": "Manal F.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0741035176.09", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0741035176.09"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "King Saud University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.56302.32", 
          "name": [
            "Chair Vaccines Research of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia", 
            "Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Al-Olayan", 
        "givenName": "Ebtesam M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01071037103.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01071037103.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Helwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d", 
          "name": [
            "Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Elmallah", 
        "givenName": "Mohammed I. Y.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0660640030.93", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0660640030.93"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "King Saud University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.56302.32", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Alharbi", 
        "givenName": "Afra M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010271206620.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010271206620.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Helwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia", 
            "Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Home Economics, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yehia", 
        "givenName": "Hany M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01237170206.26", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01237170206.26"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Helwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology and Entomology, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Abdel Moneim", 
        "givenName": "Ahmed E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014465570747.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014465570747.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2011.08.013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001539058"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00436-014-3969-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002063225", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-014-3969-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00436-014-3969-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002063225", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-014-3969-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12906-016-1389-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003167120", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-016-1389-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12906-016-1389-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003167120", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-016-1389-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2013.04.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003301820"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(79)90738-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004403568"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/0717-6287-47-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005951761", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/0717-6287-47-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003106", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006989135"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1172/jci28898", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007500787"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132121", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008846403"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2013.11.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009210136"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13071-015-0983-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012781525", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-0983-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13071-015-0983-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012781525", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-0983-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1015318413076", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012962719", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1015318413076"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m207050200", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013080752"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001149", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015104844"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(82)90118-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015674611"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4241-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016895863", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4241-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00284-011-9915-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017123409", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00284-011-9915-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2006.09.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022123833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.101808", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022451923"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-8278(01)00142-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023957868"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(59)90090-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025255654"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-0556", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027850039"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-7091-1613-5_2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027938065", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-1613-5_2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0963-9969(01)00171-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031125962"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/28.1.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031482018"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2012.12.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033283067"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3923/tmr.2007.37.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033780478"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3923/tmr.2007.37.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033780478"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2008.08.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034174990"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/452546", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034780015"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4321/s1130-01082007000400007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035299051"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10620-010-1362-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035470826", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-010-1362-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.04139.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035529612", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.04139.x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110504745", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036328673"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/610769", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040073566"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2012.00121", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040171721"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00436-011-2793-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040416653", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-011-2793-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.03072.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040729914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1590/s0036-46652008000100007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041521181"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0891-5849(01)00753-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042340248"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d2651", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043019196"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2012.12.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046616216"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1590/s0036-46652011000300007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046884800"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12263-011-0229-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047038084", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12263-011-0229-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/cmi.12316", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048209787"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2014.1959", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048427865"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2014.1959", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048427865"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/aac.01936-13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049226184"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2011.02.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049437861"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1590/s1516-89132012000500007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051764978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.189", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051970262"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0891-5849(95)00084-b", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053142242"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831.79.4.218", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056318160"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/pdb.prot4986", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060410923"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5484.1560", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062570838"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/3274166", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070246203"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2013.1524", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071507735"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2013.1524", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071507735"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.4690", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071523435"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.4690", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071523435"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4103/2045-8932.93544", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072245886"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4103/2045-8932.93544", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072245886"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/73.2.444s", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074750822"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.167.12.7017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074962475"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075130216", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076750128", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078526916", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079566641", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000459586", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080859696"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081547057", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.s0022-0302(95)76784-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082427169"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40249-017-0286-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252863", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-017-0286-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40249-017-0286-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252863", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-017-0286-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9030198", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084436736"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9060555", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085614080"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1721727x0900700206", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100010906"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1721727x0900700206", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100010906"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.02.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101033304"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.07.089", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105803910"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2018.07.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106186484"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204923", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107337994"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204923", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107337994"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204923", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107337994"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Considerable morbidity, mortality, and economic loss result from schistosomiasis infection. Deposition of Schistosoma eggs in the hepatic portal vein is considered as the main causative agent for the development of liver fibrosis and subsequent liver cirrhosis. Probiotics are exogenous and beneficial microorganisms to living hosts against the harmful effect of many parasites. Strong evidence suggests the importance of probiotics in the control strategy of helminth. The ultimate goal of this study is to evaluate the protective effect of probiotics and yogurt on Schistosoma mansoni-induced oxidative stress and hepatic fibrosis in mice.\nMETHODS: Mice were infected by tail immersion of schistosomal cercariae followed by an oral treatment with either probiotics or yogurt for one week before infection and immediately post-infection. Mice were scarified on day 56 following infection with S. mansoni and liver sample were obtained.\nRESULTS: We showed that oral administration of probiotics or yogurt revealed a significant reduction in worm number, egg load, and granuloma size in liver tissue, which is mainly assigned to the decreased expression level of matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP-9) in liver tissue. A significant reduction in the oxidative stress markers-induced by S. mansoni infection including lipid peroxidation and nitrite/nitrate was also detected. The level of some antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase) and reduced glutathione was greatly enhanced. Furthermore, treatment with probiotics or yogurt inhibited apoptosis in hepatic tissue, which is mainly assigned to the decreased expression level of caspases-3 in liver tissue.\nCONCLUSION: Our findings represent the promising anti-schistosomal activities of probiotics and yogurt.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1028418", 
        "issn": [
          "1472-6882"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "19"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Probiotics and yogurt modulate oxidative stress and fibrosis in livers of Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice", 
    "pagination": "3", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "6a575272e6590281c80410e5fe657ffb7f42fb42271f1eb5029c2917d3995df9"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30606163"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101088661"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1111097049"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111097049"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T08:36", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000314_0000000314/records_55848_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12906-018-2406-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

342 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      103 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1103
3 schema:author N895795655b244acc937394b9c94cc8d0
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-7091-1613-5_2
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4241-7
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00284-011-9915-3
7 sg:pub.10.1007/s00436-011-2793-6
8 sg:pub.10.1007/s00436-014-3969-7
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s10620-010-1362-7
10 sg:pub.10.1007/s12263-011-0229-7
11 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1015318413076
12 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.04139.x
13 sg:pub.10.1186/0717-6287-47-8
14 sg:pub.10.1186/s12906-016-1389-1
15 sg:pub.10.1186/s13071-015-0983-2
16 sg:pub.10.1186/s40249-017-0286-2
17 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075130216
18 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076750128
19 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078526916
20 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079566641
21 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081547057
22 https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.189
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(79)90738-3
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(82)90118-x
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(59)90090-6
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/0891-5849(95)00084-b
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2008.08.006
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.07.089
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2012.12.006
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2013.11.003
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2012.12.001
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2018.07.010
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2006.09.002
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2011.02.012
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2011.08.013
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.02.005
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2013.04.002
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-8278(01)00142-8
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0891-5849(01)00753-5
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0963-9969(01)00171-5
41 https://doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831.79.4.218
42 https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m207050200
43 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/73.2.444s
44 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/28.1.56
45 https://doi.org/10.1101/pdb.prot4986
46 https://doi.org/10.1111/cmi.12316
47 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.03072.x
48 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5484.1560
49 https://doi.org/10.1128/aac.01936-13
50 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d2651
51 https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/610769
52 https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/452546
53 https://doi.org/10.1159/000459586
54 https://doi.org/10.1172/jci28898
55 https://doi.org/10.1177/1721727x0900700206
56 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001149
57 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003106
58 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132121
59 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204923
60 https://doi.org/10.1590/s0036-46652008000100007
61 https://doi.org/10.1590/s0036-46652011000300007
62 https://doi.org/10.1590/s1516-89132012000500007
63 https://doi.org/10.2307/3274166
64 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-0556
65 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.s0022-0302(95)76784-4
66 https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2012.00121
67 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110504745
68 https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9030198
69 https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9060555
70 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2013.1524
71 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.4690
72 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2014.1959
73 https://doi.org/10.3923/tmr.2007.37.43
74 https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.101808
75 https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.167.12.7017
76 https://doi.org/10.4103/2045-8932.93544
77 https://doi.org/10.4321/s1130-01082007000400007
78 schema:datePublished 2019-12
79 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
80 schema:description BACKGROUND: Considerable morbidity, mortality, and economic loss result from schistosomiasis infection. Deposition of Schistosoma eggs in the hepatic portal vein is considered as the main causative agent for the development of liver fibrosis and subsequent liver cirrhosis. Probiotics are exogenous and beneficial microorganisms to living hosts against the harmful effect of many parasites. Strong evidence suggests the importance of probiotics in the control strategy of helminth. The ultimate goal of this study is to evaluate the protective effect of probiotics and yogurt on Schistosoma mansoni-induced oxidative stress and hepatic fibrosis in mice. METHODS: Mice were infected by tail immersion of schistosomal cercariae followed by an oral treatment with either probiotics or yogurt for one week before infection and immediately post-infection. Mice were scarified on day 56 following infection with S. mansoni and liver sample were obtained. RESULTS: We showed that oral administration of probiotics or yogurt revealed a significant reduction in worm number, egg load, and granuloma size in liver tissue, which is mainly assigned to the decreased expression level of matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP-9) in liver tissue. A significant reduction in the oxidative stress markers-induced by S. mansoni infection including lipid peroxidation and nitrite/nitrate was also detected. The level of some antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase) and reduced glutathione was greatly enhanced. Furthermore, treatment with probiotics or yogurt inhibited apoptosis in hepatic tissue, which is mainly assigned to the decreased expression level of caspases-3 in liver tissue. CONCLUSION: Our findings represent the promising anti-schistosomal activities of probiotics and yogurt.
81 schema:genre research_article
82 schema:inLanguage en
83 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
84 schema:isPartOf N0e4ae441abc5465295aa8f357be33917
85 N119b121c9dff48ff885d08b30f325e1c
86 sg:journal.1028418
87 schema:name Probiotics and yogurt modulate oxidative stress and fibrosis in livers of Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice
88 schema:pagination 3
89 schema:productId N14a2bcc4b0c1407180ea87b0af1276df
90 N74221448d20c41fd963c3ed80aa2b541
91 N8839a7bd6c8c4934abb64a328b0145f4
92 Nad65463740bf423abee7784e3ef5db46
93 Nc0ad2b7bf11f45908470556ebbddd138
94 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111097049
95 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3
96 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T08:36
97 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
98 schema:sdPublisher N71e143e135ef4aefada266bd7fa74545
99 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12906-018-2406-3
100 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
101 sgo:sdDataset articles
102 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
103 N0e4ae441abc5465295aa8f357be33917 schema:volumeNumber 19
104 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
105 N119b121c9dff48ff885d08b30f325e1c schema:issueNumber 1
106 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
107 N145fa29d72be40898eac169b3e490b98 rdf:first sg:person.01071037103.32
108 rdf:rest N43571cd18a7142aaa77815a7666995c9
109 N14a2bcc4b0c1407180ea87b0af1276df schema:name readcube_id
110 schema:value 6a575272e6590281c80410e5fe657ffb7f42fb42271f1eb5029c2917d3995df9
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N2520a5049cc84664892748743fb4aef4 rdf:first sg:person.01237170206.26
113 rdf:rest Ne652323948f24b4a80c916935b601047
114 N43571cd18a7142aaa77815a7666995c9 rdf:first sg:person.0660640030.93
115 rdf:rest Nd7f39974f4814f26a9792755564de689
116 N71e143e135ef4aefada266bd7fa74545 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
117 rdf:type schema:Organization
118 N74221448d20c41fd963c3ed80aa2b541 schema:name dimensions_id
119 schema:value pub.1111097049
120 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
121 N8839a7bd6c8c4934abb64a328b0145f4 schema:name pubmed_id
122 schema:value 30606163
123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
124 N895795655b244acc937394b9c94cc8d0 rdf:first sg:person.0741035176.09
125 rdf:rest N145fa29d72be40898eac169b3e490b98
126 Nad65463740bf423abee7784e3ef5db46 schema:name nlm_unique_id
127 schema:value 101088661
128 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
129 Nc0ad2b7bf11f45908470556ebbddd138 schema:name doi
130 schema:value 10.1186/s12906-018-2406-3
131 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
132 Nd7f39974f4814f26a9792755564de689 rdf:first sg:person.010271206620.96
133 rdf:rest N2520a5049cc84664892748743fb4aef4
134 Ne652323948f24b4a80c916935b601047 rdf:first sg:person.014465570747.50
135 rdf:rest rdf:nil
136 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
137 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
140 schema:name Clinical Sciences
141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
142 sg:journal.1028418 schema:issn 1472-6882
143 schema:name BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
144 rdf:type schema:Periodical
145 sg:person.010271206620.96 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.56302.32
146 schema:familyName Alharbi
147 schema:givenName Afra M.
148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010271206620.96
149 rdf:type schema:Person
150 sg:person.01071037103.32 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.56302.32
151 schema:familyName Al-Olayan
152 schema:givenName Ebtesam M.
153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01071037103.32
154 rdf:type schema:Person
155 sg:person.01237170206.26 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d
156 schema:familyName Yehia
157 schema:givenName Hany M.
158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01237170206.26
159 rdf:type schema:Person
160 sg:person.014465570747.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d
161 schema:familyName Abdel Moneim
162 schema:givenName Ahmed E.
163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014465570747.50
164 rdf:type schema:Person
165 sg:person.0660640030.93 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d
166 schema:familyName Elmallah
167 schema:givenName Mohammed I. Y.
168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0660640030.93
169 rdf:type schema:Person
170 sg:person.0741035176.09 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d
171 schema:familyName El-Khadragy
172 schema:givenName Manal F.
173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0741035176.09
174 rdf:type schema:Person
175 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-7091-1613-5_2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027938065
176 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-1613-5_2
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4241-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016895863
179 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4241-7
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 sg:pub.10.1007/s00284-011-9915-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017123409
182 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00284-011-9915-3
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 sg:pub.10.1007/s00436-011-2793-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040416653
185 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-011-2793-6
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 sg:pub.10.1007/s00436-014-3969-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002063225
188 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-014-3969-7
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 sg:pub.10.1007/s10620-010-1362-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035470826
191 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-010-1362-7
192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
193 sg:pub.10.1007/s12263-011-0229-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047038084
194 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12263-011-0229-7
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1015318413076 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012962719
197 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1015318413076
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.04139.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035529612
200 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.04139.x
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 sg:pub.10.1186/0717-6287-47-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005951761
203 https://doi.org/10.1186/0717-6287-47-8
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 sg:pub.10.1186/s12906-016-1389-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003167120
206 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-016-1389-1
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 sg:pub.10.1186/s13071-015-0983-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012781525
209 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-0983-2
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 sg:pub.10.1186/s40249-017-0286-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252863
212 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-017-0286-2
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075130216 schema:CreativeWork
215 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076750128 schema:CreativeWork
216 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078526916 schema:CreativeWork
217 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079566641 schema:CreativeWork
218 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081547057 schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.189 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051970262
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(79)90738-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004403568
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(82)90118-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015674611
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(59)90090-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025255654
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1016/0891-5849(95)00084-b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053142242
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2008.08.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034174990
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.07.089 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105803910
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2012.12.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046616216
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2013.11.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009210136
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2012.12.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033283067
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2018.07.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106186484
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2006.09.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022123833
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2011.02.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049437861
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2011.08.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001539058
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2018.02.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101033304
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2013.04.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003301820
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-8278(01)00142-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023957868
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0891-5849(01)00753-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042340248
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0963-9969(01)00171-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031125962
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831.79.4.218 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056318160
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m207050200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013080752
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/73.2.444s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074750822
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/28.1.56 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031482018
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://doi.org/10.1101/pdb.prot4986 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060410923
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 https://doi.org/10.1111/cmi.12316 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048209787
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.03072.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040729914
270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
271 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5484.1560 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062570838
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 https://doi.org/10.1128/aac.01936-13 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049226184
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d2651 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043019196
276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
277 https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/610769 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040073566
278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
279 https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/452546 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034780015
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 https://doi.org/10.1159/000459586 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080859696
282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
283 https://doi.org/10.1172/jci28898 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007500787
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 https://doi.org/10.1177/1721727x0900700206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100010906
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015104844
288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
289 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006989135
290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
291 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008846403
292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
293 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204923 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107337994
294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
295 https://doi.org/10.1590/s0036-46652008000100007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041521181
296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
297 https://doi.org/10.1590/s0036-46652011000300007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046884800
298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
299 https://doi.org/10.1590/s1516-89132012000500007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051764978
300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
301 https://doi.org/10.2307/3274166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070246203
302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
303 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-0556 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027850039
304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
305 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.s0022-0302(95)76784-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082427169
306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
307 https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2012.00121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040171721
308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
309 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110504745 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036328673
310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
311 https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9030198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084436736
312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
313 https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9060555 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085614080
314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
315 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2013.1524 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071507735
316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
317 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.4690 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071523435
318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
319 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2014.1959 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048427865
320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
321 https://doi.org/10.3923/tmr.2007.37.43 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033780478
322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
323 https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.101808 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022451923
324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
325 https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.167.12.7017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074962475
326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
327 https://doi.org/10.4103/2045-8932.93544 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072245886
328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
329 https://doi.org/10.4321/s1130-01082007000400007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035299051
330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
331 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412093.d schema:alternateName Helwan University
332 schema:name Chair Vaccines Research of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
333 Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt
334 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
335 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Home Economics, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt
336 Department of Zoology and Entomology, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt
337 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
338 rdf:type schema:Organization
339 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.56302.32 schema:alternateName King Saud University
340 schema:name Chair Vaccines Research of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
341 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
342 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...