Massive single visit cervical pre-cancer and cancer screening in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Justin Lussy Paluku, Tamar E. Carter, Miriam Lee, Susan A Bartels

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), practical and affordable strategies for cervical cancer screening are needed to detect and treat pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions in a timely fashion. This study presents the results of mass cervical cancer screenings in eastern DRC using a "screen and treat" approach. METHODS: In two mass cervical cancer screening campaigns, patients underwent a combination of visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid, visual inspection of the cervix with Lugol iodine solution, and colposcopy with or without loop electrosurgical excision procedure. Cervical biopsy samples were taken for histology analysis. Marital status, age, history of abnormal bleeding, and number of pregnancies were recorded for each patient and association analyses were performed. RESULTS: Of the 644 women who received cervical pre-cancer and cancer screening, 48 had suspicious pre-cancer and cancer lesions that were biopsied (7.45%). On histology analysis cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) was identified in 15 (2.33%), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was identified in 6 (0.93%) and non-neoplastic cervicitis was identified in 11 (1.71%). Abnormal bleeding was significantly associated with CIN/SCC but no significant association was observed for prior pregnancy, patients' home region, or age. CONCLUSION: Forty-eight women with suspicious pre-cancerous or cancerous lesions were successfully identified using the "screen and treat" approach in eastern DRC, suggesting that this approach is feasible for reducing cervical cancer morbidity and mortality. However, community awareness would be necessary, providers would have to be properly trained, referral and follow up mechanisms would have to be put in place, and equipment / supplies would have to be secured if the "screen and treat" approach is to be successful on a wider scale. There is ongoing need for HPV vaccination in DRC as a primary prevention strategy against cervical cancer. More... »

PAGES

43

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12905-019-0737-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12905-019-0737-y

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112527623

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30832697


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