“My life became more meaningful”: confronting one’s own end of life and its effects on well-being—a qualitative study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-04-29

AUTHORS

Helena Kukla, Angélique Herrler, Julia Strupp, Raymond Voltz

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe perception of being closer to death can be experienced due to old age or life-limiting diseases, and can pose profound existential challenges. Actively confronting death-related issues and existential questions may increase psychosocial comfort and stimulate personal growth, whereas dysfunctional coping may lead to existential distress.To date, research on individual and (semi-)professional approaches to confronting the own end of life and the effects on one’s well-being remain scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore individual strategies and wishes in order to derive ideas for appropriate support concepts.MethodsTwenty semi-structured interviews were conducted with people over the age of 80 (n = 11) and with a life-limiting disease (n = 10). The interviews were transcribed verbatim and independently coded by two researchers according to Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis approach.ResultsWhile the use of (semi-)professional approaches (e.g., therapeutic support) to confronting existential questions in the shape of one’s impending death was rare, individual coping strategies did have a positive impact on psychosocial comfort. There were hardly any significant differences between the participants aged 80 and over and those with a life-limiting disease in terms of individual coping strategies or how they approached the ends of their lives. Both groups reported that theoretical education, preparing for the ends of their lives (e.g., funerals), talking about death-related topics, reflecting on death-related topics, and contemplating death in a spiritual sense had positive effects on their assurance, self-determination and relief. The necessity of confrontation and a desire for low-threshold, accessible and flexible services to meet their existential and spiritual needs were highlighted.ConclusionsThere is both a desire and a need for the addressing of existential questions. Outside of private contexts, however, the participants possessed little awareness of support services that focused on confronting end-of-life issues, and rarely used such services. Efforts to raise awareness for psychosocial and spiritual needs should be implemented within the care system, together with low-threshold support concepts, in order to increase psychosocial well-being. More research evaluating individual approaches to confronting the own end of life are needed to better understand this determinant of well-being and its mechanisms of action.Trial registrationwww.germanctr.de, DRKS-ID: DRKS00020577. More... »

PAGES

58

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12904-022-00950-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12904-022-00950-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1147479392

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35484588


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