The effects of treatment with liraglutide on atherothrombotic risk in obese young women with polycystic ovary syndrome and controls View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

Hassan Kahal, Ahmed Aburima, Tamas Ungvari, Alan S Rigby, Anne M Coady, Rebecca V Vince, Ramzi A Ajjan, Eric S Kilpatrick, Khalid M Naseem, Stephen L Atkin

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with obesity and increased cardiovascular (CV) risk markers. In this study our aim was to assess the effects of six months treatment with liraglutide 1.8 mg od on obesity, and CV risk markers, particularly platelet function, in young obese women with PCOS compared to controls of similar age and weight. METHODS: Carotid intima-media wall thickness (cIMT) was measured by B-mode ultrasonography, platelet function by flow cytometry, clot structure/lysis by turbidimetric assays and endothelial function by ELISA and post-ischaemic reactive hyperemia (RHI). Data presented as mean change (6-month - baseline) ± standard deviation. RESULTS: Nineteen obese women with PCOS and 17 controls, of similar age and weight, were recruited; baseline atherothrombotic risk markers did not differ between the two groups. Twenty five (69.4%) participants completed the study (13 PCOS, 12 controls). At six months, weight was significantly reduced by 3.0 ± 4.2 and 3.8 ± 3.4 kg in the PCOS and control groups, respectively; with no significant difference between the two groups, P = 0.56. Similarly, HOMA-IR, triglyceride, hsCRP, urinary isoprostanes, serum endothelial adhesion markers (sP-selectin, sICAM and sVCAM), and clot lysis area were equally significantly reduced in both groups compared to baseline. Basal platelet P-selectin expression was significantly reduced at six months in controls -0.17 ± 0.26 but not PCOS -0.12 ± 0.28; between groups difference, 95% confidence interval = -0.14 - 0.26, P = 0.41. No significant changes were noted in cIMT or RHI. CONCLUSIONS: Six months treatment with liraglutide (1.8 mg od) equally affected young obese women with PCOS and controls. In both groups, liraglutide treatment was associated with 3-4% weight loss and significant reduction in atherothrombosis markers including inflammation, endothelial function and clotting. Our data support the use of liraglutide as weight loss medication in simple obesity and suggest a potential beneficial effect on platelet function and atherothrombotic risk at 6 months of treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial reg. no. ISRCTN48560305. Date of registration 22/05/2012. More... »

PAGES

14

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12902-015-0005-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12902-015-0005-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016870406

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25880805


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