Ameliorative effects of rutin against cisplatin-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-11-21

AUTHORS

Sarwat Jahan, Asma Munawar, Suhail Razak, Sara Anam, Qurat Ul Ain, Hizb Ullah, Tayyaba Afsar, Mahmoud Abulmeaty, Ali Almajwal

ABSTRACT

BackgroundCisplatin (CP) or cis-diammine dichloroplatinum (II) is a platinum based standard antineoplastic drug which is used against variety of solid tumors and neoplasms. The present study aimed to evaluate the shielding effects of rutin against CP induced testicular toxicity in rats.Methods28 male rats were divided into four groups. First group was given saline orally while second group received intra-peritoneal (i.p) injection of cisplatin (7 mg/kg) on day first and received saline for next 13 days. Third group received i.p injection of cisplatin at day one and treated with rutin (75 mg/kg) orally for next 13 days. Fourth group was treated with rutin orally for 13 days. Animals were sacrificed on 14th day and reproductive organs were analyzed for various parameters.ResultsCisplatin treatment resulted in a significant decrease in daily sperm production, decrease in head length and % DNA in head, reduction of epithelial cell height, tubular diameter, reduction of the number of spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids, increase in the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and oxidative stress in testicular tissues, and change of the intra-testicular testosterone concentrations. Rutin co-treatment resulted in reversing cisplatin effect on DNA damage, sperm count, histological and biochemical parameters.ConclusionThese results indicated that rutin co-treatment could ameliorate cisplatin-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats. More... »

PAGES

107

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    34 schema:description BackgroundCisplatin (CP) or cis-diammine dichloroplatinum (II) is a platinum based standard antineoplastic drug which is used against variety of solid tumors and neoplasms. The present study aimed to evaluate the shielding effects of rutin against CP induced testicular toxicity in rats.Methods28 male rats were divided into four groups. First group was given saline orally while second group received intra-peritoneal (i.p) injection of cisplatin (7 mg/kg) on day first and received saline for next 13 days. Third group received i.p injection of cisplatin at day one and treated with rutin (75 mg/kg) orally for next 13 days. Fourth group was treated with rutin orally for 13 days. Animals were sacrificed on 14th day and reproductive organs were analyzed for various parameters.ResultsCisplatin treatment resulted in a significant decrease in daily sperm production, decrease in head length and % DNA in head, reduction of epithelial cell height, tubular diameter, reduction of the number of spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids, increase in the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and oxidative stress in testicular tissues, and change of the intra-testicular testosterone concentrations. Rutin co-treatment resulted in reversing cisplatin effect on DNA damage, sperm count, histological and biochemical parameters.ConclusionThese results indicated that rutin co-treatment could ameliorate cisplatin-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats.
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    46 ResultsCisplatin treatment
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    50 antineoplastic drugs
    51 biochemical parameters
    52 cell height
    53 changes
    54 cis-diammine dichloroplatinum
    55 cisplatin
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    100 shielding effect
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