Radiation-induced thoracic necrosis with a pulmonary cutaneous fistula repaired using a free omental flap: a case report View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Ryuichi Azuma, Masahito Kajita, Satoshi Kubo, Tomoharu Kiyosawa

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chest wall necrosis can manifest as a late effect of radiation therapy for breast cancer. Only two cases of fistulas communicating with the respiratory tract as a result of radiation-induced necrosis of the lungs or bronchi have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of a pulmonary cutaneous fistula arising as a late effect of radiation therapy for breast cancer, which was successfully repaired using a free omental graft. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old woman underwent Halsted surgery and postoperative radiation therapy for breast cancer 25 years earlier. One year before visiting our hospital, she developed a fistula and bleeding in her left clavicular region, which was expanding. On initial examination, a 6-cm-wide skin defect was observed in the left clavicular region and the clavicle appeared sequestrated. Computed tomography revealed part of the first to third left ribs, part of the left clavicle, the subclavian artery, and the brachial plexus to be missing. Several rounds of debridement revealed approximately 10 bronchial stumps on the surface of the collapsed lung, from which exhaled air and sputum were effusing. Surgery was performed to implant a free omental flap with vascular anastomosis and a skin graft in the neck region, and the pulmonary cutaneous fistula was closed. Two years after surgery, emphysema remained inside the omentum, which spontaneously resolved by the 3rd postoperative year. CONCLUSIONS: Various treatment options are conceivable for the repair of pulmonary cutaneous and bronchocutaneous fistulas induced by radiation damage (e.g., free tissue grafts and endoscopic bronchial occlusion); however, these are rarely reported, and the most reliable method thus remains unclear. Positive outcomes in our case indicate that implanting a free omental graft may be effective. Furthermore, spontaneous healing can be expected for the residual emphysema inside the omentum. More... »

PAGES

14

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12893-019-0479-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-019-0479-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111892732

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30711000


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