Effective and rapid treatment of wound botulism, a case report View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

M. Schulte, U. Hamsen, T. A. Schildhauer, T. Ramczykowski

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The latest news shows several cases of contaminated heroin that is found in different parts all over Europe. This information can be helpful for the emergency doctors to find the correct diagnosis of wound botulism in patients who are intravenous drug users. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 40-year-old man who presented to the emergency department in 2016. He suffered from mild dysarthria, diplopia, dysphagia and ptosis since two days. The CT-scan of the cerebrum and the liquor were without any pathological results. We found out that the patient is an intravenous drug user and the clinical examination showed an abscess in the left groin. So we treated him with the suspected diagnosis of wound botulism. In the emergency operation we split the abscess, made a radical debridement and complementary treated him with a high dose of penicillin g and two units of botulism antitoxin. The suspected diagnosis was confirmed a few days later by finding the Toxin B in the abscess and in the patient's serum. In the following days the neurological symptoms decreased and the wound healing was without any complications. The patient left the hospital after nine days; the antibiotic therapy with penicillin g was continued for several days. In a following examination, 14 days after the patient's discharge of the hospital, no further symptoms were found and the abscess was treated successfully without any problems. CONCLUSION: Because wound botulism is a very rare disease it can be challenging to the attending physician. This case shows a fast treatment with full recovery of the patient without any further disabilities, which can be used for the future. More... »

PAGES

103

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12893-017-0300-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-017-0300-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092349142

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29073888


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