M1 macrophage infiltration exacerbate muscle/bone atrophy after peripheral nerve injury View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-01-20

AUTHORS

Nobuhiro Shimada, Asuka Sakata, Takashi Igarashi, Mamoru Takeuchi, Satoshi Nishimura

ABSTRACT

BackgroundPeripheral nerve injury causes limb muscle/bone atrophy, leading to chronic pain. However, the mechanisms underlying muscle/bone atrophy after peripheral nerve injury remain unknown. It was recently reported that M1 macrophages are the main factors responsible for neurogenic inflammation after peripheral nerve injury. We hypothesized that M1 macrophages are important in muscle/bone atrophy after nerve injury. Therefore, we investigated the influence of M1 macrophages on muscle/bone atrophy after nerve injury in mice to prevent muscle/bone atrophy by suppressing M1 macrophages.MethodsHindlimb muscle weight and total bone density were measured in a chronic constriction injury (CCI) mouse model. Immunohistochemical analysis and intravital microscopy were performed to visualize hindlimb muscles/bones, and cells were quantified using flow cytometry. We compared M1 macrophage infiltration into muscles/bones and muscle/bone atrophy between macrophage depletion and untreated groups. We also investigated muscle/bone atrophy using administration models for anti-inflammatory and neuropathic pain drugs.ResultsPeripheral nerve injury caused significant reduction in muscle weight and total bone density at 1 and 3 weeks after CCI, respectively, compared with that in controls. Osteoclast numbers were significantly higher at 1 week after CCI in the CCI group than in the control group. M1 macrophage infiltration into muscles was observed from 2 h after CCI via intravital microscopy and 1 week after CCI, and it was significantly higher 1 week after CCI than in the control group. In the macrophage depletion group, dexamethasone, pregabalin, and loxoprofen groups, M1 macrophage infiltration into muscles/bones was significantly lower and muscle weight and total bone density were significantly higher than in the untreated group.ConclusionsM1 macrophage infiltration exacerbates muscle/bone atrophy after peripheral nerve injury. By suppressing M1 macrophages at the neural injury local site, muscle/bone atrophy could be avoided. More... »

PAGES

44

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12891-020-3069-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-3069-z

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1124199708

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31959156


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