Ras associated with diabetes may play a role in fracture nonunion development in rats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12-12

AUTHORS

Takahiro Oda, Takahiro Niikura, Tomoaki Fukui, Michio Arakura, Keisuke Oe, Yutaka Mifune, Shinya Hayashi, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Takehiko Matsushita, Ryosuke Kuroda

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rad is the prototypic member of a subfamily of Ras-related small G-proteins and is highly expressed in the skeletal muscle of patients with type II diabetes. Our previous microarray analysis suggested that Rad may mediate fracture nonunion development. Thus, the present study used rat experimental models to investigate and compare the gene and protein expression patterns of both Rad and Rem1, another RGK subfamily member, in nonunions and standard healing fractures. METHODS: Standard healing fractures and nonunions (produced via periosteal cauterization at the fracture site) were created in the femurs of 3-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats. At post-fracture days 7, 14, 21, and 28, the fracture callus and fibrous tissue from the standard healing fractures and nonunions, respectively, were harvested and screened (via real-time PCR) for Rad and Rem1 expression. The immunolocalization of both encoded proteins was analyzed at post-fracture days 14 and 21. At the same time points, hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to identify the detailed tissue structures. RESULTS: Results of real-time PCR analysis showed that Rad expression increased significantly in the nonunions, compared to that in the standard healing fractures, at post-fracture days 14, 21, and 28. Conversely, immunohistochemical analysis revealed the immunolocalization of Rad to be similar to that of Rem1 in both fracture types at post-fracture days 14 and 21. CONCLUSIONS: Rad may mediate nonunion development, and thus, may be a promising therapeutic target to treat these injuries. More... »

PAGES

602

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12891-019-2970-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2970-9

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123321148

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31830958


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