Effects of pain neuroscience education in hospitalized patients with high tibial osteotomy: a quasi-experimental study using propensity score matching View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-11-07

AUTHORS

Naoki Deguchi, Yoshiyuki Hirakawa, Shota Izawa, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Keito Muraki, Ryouiti Oshibuti, Yasuki Higaki

ABSTRACT

BackgroundPain neuroscience education (PNE) has been shown to reduce pain or psychological symptoms in patients with chronic pain and preoperative knee osteoarthritis; however, the evidence of its effectiveness in hospitalized patients who have undergone high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is unknown. This study was performed to determine whether the implementation of a newly developed hospital-time PNE provided by physical therapists to patients after HTO can result in meaningful improvements.MethodsIn total, 119 patients aged ≥45 years with knee osteoarthritis who were scheduled to undergo HTO were analyzed. Patients with a low Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) score of < 21 were excluded. The patients were classified into two groups: those who underwent a combination of PNE and rehabilitation (intervention group, n = 67) and those who underwent rehabilitation only (control group, n = 52). The patients were pseudo-randomized by their baseline demographic factors using a propensity score-matching method. The PNE was based on a psychosocial model and began 1 week postoperatively in a group setting; five 1-h weekly sessions were conducted. The primary outcome was the walking pain score as measured by a numerical rating scale. The secondary outcomes were the pain catastrophizing scores as measured by the PCS, self-efficacy as measured by the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, and physical function. Measurements were taken at baseline (before surgery) and before discharge from the hospital (5 weeks postoperatively) to identify any intervention effects.ResultsAfter propensity score matching, 52 pairs of patients were extracted. In the intervention group, 46 (88.5%) patients completed the PNE. In total, 44 patients in the intervention group and 52 patients in the control group were analyzed. Five weeks following surgery, the rehabilitation itself had also significantly decreased catastrophizing, and the difference between the two groups had only a small effect size (d = 0.44).ConclusionsThese findings provide preliminary evidence that physical therapist-delivered PNE during hospitalization may help to at least slightly reduce pain catastrophizing in patients with catastrophizing prior to knee arthroplasty.Trial registrationThis trial was retrospectively registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (UMIN000037114) on 19 June 2019. More... »

PAGES

516

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12891-019-2913-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2913-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1122393016

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31699069


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