Lumbar mechanical traction: a biomechanical assessment of change at the lumbar spine. View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Shigeru Tadano, Hideki Tanabe, Sadao Arai, Keiji Fujino, Tokuhide Doi, Masami Akai

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lumbar traction is a traditional treatment modality for chronic low back pain (CLBP) in many countries. However, its effectiveness has not been demonstrated in clinical practice because of the following: (1) the lack of in vivo biomechanical confirmation of the mechanism of lumbar traction that occurs at the lumbar spine; (2) the lack of a precise delivery system for traction force and, subsequently, the lack of reproducibility; and (3) few randomized controlled trials proving its effectiveness and utility. METHODS: This study was planned as a preparatory experiment for a randomized clinical trial, and it aimed (1) to examine the biomechanical change at the lumbar area under lumbar traction and confirm its reproducibility and accuracy as a mechanical intervention, and (2) to reconfirm our clinical impression of the immediate effect of lumbar traction. One hundred thirty-three patients with non-specific CLBP were recruited from 28 orthopaedic clinics to undergo a biomechanical experiment and to assess and determine traction conditions for the next clinical trial. We used two types of traction devices, which are commercially available, and incorporated other measuring tools, such as an infrared range-finder and large extension strain gauge. The finite element method was used to analyze the real data of pelvic girdle movement at the lumbar spine level. Self-report assessments with representative two conditions were analyzed according to the qualitative coding method. RESULTS: Thirty-eight participants provided available biomechanical data. We could not measure directly what happened in the body, but we confirmed that the distraction force lineally correlated with the movement of traction unit at the pelvic girdle. After applying vibration force to preloading, the strain gauge showed proportional vibration of the shifting distance without a phase lag qualitatively. FEM simulation provided at least 3.0-mm shifting distance at the lumbar spine under 100 mm of body traction. Ninety-five participants provided a treatment diary and were classified as no pain, improved, unchanged, and worsened. Approximately 83.2% of participants reported a positive response. CONCLUSION: Lumbar traction can provide a distractive force at the lumbar spine, and patients who experience the application of such force show an immediate response after traction. TRIAL REGISTRATION: University Hospital Medical Information Network - Clinical Trial Registration: UMIN-CTR000024329 (October 13, 2016). More... »

PAGES

155

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12891-019-2545-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2545-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113300174

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30961554


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