Evaluation of clinical outcomes of one-stage anterior and posterior surgical treatment for atlantoaxial tuberculosis complicated with neurological damage. View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Biao Wang, Rongan Shang, Tong Yang, Haiping Zhang, Huimin Hu, Wei Hu, Dingjun Hao

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment is mainly used for atlantoaxial tuberculosis with neurological damage. However, the anatomic structure around the atlantoaxial joint is complex, and the position of vertebral body is deep, which increases the difficulty of the operation and it is challenging for the surgeon to develop surgical strategy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of one-stage combined anterior and posterior surgical treatment approach for atlantoaxial tuberculosis with neurological impairment. METHODS: From January 2005 to January 2015, 12 patients suffering from atlantoaxial tuberculosis with neurological impairment were surgically treated by one-stage combined anterior and posterior approach. Preoperative CT scanning and MRI imaging showed unilateral or bilateral lateral mass destruction of the atlas, and varying destruction degrees of odontoid process, loss of atlantoaxial stability, and tuberculosis focus into the spinal canal resulting in the corresponding spinal cord compression in all patients. The preoperative neurological classifications were Class C for 4 cases, D for 8 cases according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) system. Quadruple sensitive anti-TB drug treatment was used in all 12 patients preoperative and postoperative. Patients' clinical symptoms and neurological function recovery were evaluated by comparing the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, Neck Disability Index (NDI), Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score and ASIA grading before operation and at the final follow-up. RESULTS: Mean surgical duration was 263.3 ± 43.6 min. Intraoperative blood loss was averagely 529.2 ± 169.8 ml. The average fusion period was 7.3 ± 1.5 months. No instrumentation loosening, migration or breakage was observed during the follow-up of 6.5 ± 2.9 years. The VAS, NDI and JOA scores were significantly changed to 1.00 ± 0.95, 9.50 ± 3.34 and 15.42 ± 1.44 at last follow-up (P < 0.05). The neurological function of all 12 patients was recovered to Class E according to the ASIA grading system. CONCLUSION: In the treatment of atlantoaxial tuberculosis with neurological impairment, one-stage combined anterior and posterior surgical approach have the ability to complete debridement and decompression, and reconstruction of the stability of the upper cervical spine. More... »

PAGES

148

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http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12891-019-2539-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2539-7

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113286869

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30954072


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33 schema:description BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment is mainly used for atlantoaxial tuberculosis with neurological damage. However, the anatomic structure around the atlantoaxial joint is complex, and the position of vertebral body is deep, which increases the difficulty of the operation and it is challenging for the surgeon to develop surgical strategy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of one-stage combined anterior and posterior surgical treatment approach for atlantoaxial tuberculosis with neurological impairment. METHODS: From January 2005 to January 2015, 12 patients suffering from atlantoaxial tuberculosis with neurological impairment were surgically treated by one-stage combined anterior and posterior approach. Preoperative CT scanning and MRI imaging showed unilateral or bilateral lateral mass destruction of the atlas, and varying destruction degrees of odontoid process, loss of atlantoaxial stability, and tuberculosis focus into the spinal canal resulting in the corresponding spinal cord compression in all patients. The preoperative neurological classifications were Class C for 4 cases, D for 8 cases according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) system. Quadruple sensitive anti-TB drug treatment was used in all 12 patients preoperative and postoperative. Patients' clinical symptoms and neurological function recovery were evaluated by comparing the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, Neck Disability Index (NDI), Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score and ASIA grading before operation and at the final follow-up. RESULTS: Mean surgical duration was 263.3 ± 43.6 min. Intraoperative blood loss was averagely 529.2 ± 169.8 ml. The average fusion period was 7.3 ± 1.5 months. No instrumentation loosening, migration or breakage was observed during the follow-up of 6.5 ± 2.9 years. The VAS, NDI and JOA scores were significantly changed to 1.00 ± 0.95, 9.50 ± 3.34 and 15.42 ± 1.44 at last follow-up (P < 0.05). The neurological function of all 12 patients was recovered to Class E according to the ASIA grading system. CONCLUSION: In the treatment of atlantoaxial tuberculosis with neurological impairment, one-stage combined anterior and posterior surgical approach have the ability to complete debridement and decompression, and reconstruction of the stability of the upper cervical spine.
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