Incidence and excess mortality of hip fracture in young adults: a nationwide population-based cohort study View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-08-05

AUTHORS

Tsai-Hsueh Leu, Wei-Chun Chang, Jeff Chien-Fu Lin, Chi Lo, Wen-Miin Liang, Yu-Jun Chang, Dann-Pyng Shih, Cheng-Chun Wu, Chi-Fung Cheng, Sy-Jye Wei

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the incidence and excess mortality of hip fractures among inpatients aged 20-40 years in a nationwide population database in Taiwan. METHODS: Subjects were selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database for the period 2001-2008 and were followed up until the end of 2010. A total of 4,523 subjects were admitted for the first time with primary diagnosis of hip fracture and treated with operation. RESULTS: The overall annual incidence, mortality, and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) decreased from 7.68 to 7.23 per 100,000, from 1.37 % to 0.94 %, and from 9.06 to 6.71, respectively, from 2001 to 2008. The 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year mortality rates were 1.28 %, 2.44 %, 3.54 %, 5.32 %, and 10.50 %, respectively for the whole cohort. The 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year SMRs were 8.33, 7.59, 7.28, 6.39, and 5.82, respectively, for the whole cohort. Risk factors for overall death were male gender, trochanteric fracture, hemiarthroplasty, and higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) scores. CONCLUSIONS: The high SMRs found in the present study suggest that young adults with former hip fracture should be closely followed up to prevent early mortality. More... »

PAGES

326

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    35 schema:description BACKGROUND: This study assessed the incidence and excess mortality of hip fractures among inpatients aged 20-40 years in a nationwide population database in Taiwan. METHODS: Subjects were selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database for the period 2001-2008 and were followed up until the end of 2010. A total of 4,523 subjects were admitted for the first time with primary diagnosis of hip fracture and treated with operation. RESULTS: The overall annual incidence, mortality, and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) decreased from 7.68 to 7.23 per 100,000, from 1.37 % to 0.94 %, and from 9.06 to 6.71, respectively, from 2001 to 2008. The 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year mortality rates were 1.28 %, 2.44 %, 3.54 %, 5.32 %, and 10.50 %, respectively for the whole cohort. The 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year SMRs were 8.33, 7.59, 7.28, 6.39, and 5.82, respectively, for the whole cohort. Risk factors for overall death were male gender, trochanteric fracture, hemiarthroplasty, and higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) scores. CONCLUSIONS: The high SMRs found in the present study suggest that young adults with former hip fracture should be closely followed up to prevent early mortality.
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    43 Comorbidity Index score
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    49 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database
    50 adults
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    56 diagnosis
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    58 end
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    60 factors
    61 first time
    62 former hip fracture
    63 fractures
    64 gender
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    66 higher Charlson Comorbidity Index scores
    67 higher standardized mortality ratios
    68 hip
    69 hip fracture
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