A comparative study of the sarcopenia screening in older patients with interstitial lung disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-01-25

AUTHORS

Masatoshi Hanada, Noriho Sakamoto, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Takashi Kido, Takuto Miyamura, Masato Oikawa, Hiroki Nagura, Rina Takeuchi, Yurika Kawazoe, Shuntaro Sato, S. Ahmed Hassan, Yuji Ishimatsu, Hideaki Takahata, Hiroshi Mukae, Ryo Kozu

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019 (AWGS 2019) is the gold standard diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia in Asian populations. The calf circumference (CalF), the strength, assistance in walking, rising from a chair, climbing stairs, and falls (SARC-F) and the SARC-CalF questionnaires for sarcopenia screening have been used by AWGS 2019. The aim of this study was to assess accuracy of these three sarcopenia screening tools in patients with interstitial lung disease.MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, stable patients with interstitial lung disease were enrolled. The SARC-F, SARC-CalF, and CalF, used in patients with interstitial lung disease, were compared to the diagnostic criteria proposed by AWGS 2019. The accuracy of screening tools was compared using sensitivity and specificity. Moreover, areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) were computed.ResultsSeventy eight patients were analyzed, and sarcopenia was identified in 25 (32.1%) patients with interstitial lung disease by the AWGS 2019 criteria. The sensitivity of the CalF was highest (96%) of the three screening tools, while the specificity was 60%. The sensitivity of SARC-F and SARC-CalF were 24% and 68%, while the specificity were 92% and 66%, respectively. The AUCs of CalF, SARC-F, and SARC-CalF in all patients were 0.78, 0.58, and 0.67, respectively.ConclusionsThe CalF is most suitable for screening sarcopenia in patients with interstitial lung disease, while SARC-F and SARC-CalF are not. More... »

PAGES

45

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12890-022-01840-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-022-01840-3

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35078452


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32 Asian Working Group
33 Asian populations
34 MethodsIn
35 ResultsSeventy-eight patients
36 SARC
37 SARC-CalF
38 Sarcopenia 2019
39 Working Group
40 accuracy
41 aim
42 area
43 assistance
44 calf circumference
45 calves
46 chair
47 characteristic curve
48 circumference
49 comparative study
50 criteria
51 cross-sectional study
52 curves
53 diagnostic criteria
54 disease
55 eight patients
56 gold standard diagnostic criteria
57 group
58 interstitial lung disease
59 lung disease
60 older patients
61 patients
62 population
63 questionnaire
64 receiver
65 sarcopenia
66 sarcopenia screening
67 screening
68 screening tool
69 sensitivity
70 sensitivity of SARC
71 specificity
72 stable patients
73 stairs
74 standard diagnostic criteria
75 strength
76 study
77 tool
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