The prevalence, burden and risk factors associated with bronchial asthma in commonwealth of independent states countries (Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan): ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Damilya Nugmanova, Lyudmila Sokolova, Yuriy Feshchenko, Liudmila Iashyna, Olga Gyrina, Katerina Malynovska, Ilgar Mustafayev, Gulzar Aliyeva, Janina Makarova, Averyan Vasylyev, Luqman Tariq

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries epidemiology of Bronchial Asthma (BA) is poorly characterized. The objective of this analysis is to present the prevalence, burden and risk factors associated with BA in the CIS countries as part of the CORE study (Chronic Obstructive REspiratory diseases). METHODS: A total of 2842 adults (≥18 years) were recruited (964 in Kiev, Ukraine, 945 in Almaty, Kazakhstan, and 933 in Baku, Azerbaijan) in 2013-2015 during household visits. A two-step cluster random sampling strategy was used. All respondents were interviewed about respiratory symptoms, smoking, medical history. Two definitions were used: (i) "doctor diagnosed asthma" when the respondent reported that he/she had ever been diagnosed with BA by a doctor, (ii) "wheezing symptoms" (when the respondent reported wheezing at the ATS Respiratory Symptoms Questionnaire during the study) using GINA (2012) recommendations. Chi-square tests were used to assess differences in proportions. Binary logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% CI for association between risk factors and BA. RESULTS: Prevalence of "doctor diagnosed asthma" was 12.5, 19.0 and 26.8 per 1000 persons, and prevalence of "wheezing symptoms" was 74.4, 254.8 and 123.4 per 1000 in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan, respectively. Statistically significant relationship with "wheezing symptoms" was shown for smoking (OR 1.99 (CI 1.22-3.27) in Ukraine, 2.08 (CI 1.54-2.81) in Kazakhstan, 8.01 (CI 5.24-12.24) in Azerbaijan); overweight/obesity (OR: 1.66 (CI 1.02-2.72); 1.94 (CI 1.44-2.62); 1.77 (CI 1.18-2.68), respectively) and dusty work (OR: 3.29 (CI 1.57-6.89); 1.68 (CI 1.18-2.39); 2.36 (CI 1.56-3.59), respectively), and for tuberculosis in Azerbaijan (OR: 10.11 (CI 3.44-29.69)). Co-morbidities like hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, abnormal blood lipids and a history of pneumonia occurred significantly (p < 0.05) more frequently in respondents with BA compared to those without BA across all participating countries. CONCLUSION: In CIS countries (Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan) the prevalence of doctor diagnosed asthma was significantly lower compared to prevalence of wheezing symptoms underlining that BA is likely to be underreported in these countries. The information provided in this paper will be helpful for healthcare policy makers in CIS countries to instruct BA management strategies and to allocate healthcare resources accordingly. More... »

PAGES

110

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12890-018-0676-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-018-0676-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105319297

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29976177


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