Association of physical activity with lung function in lung-healthy German adults: results from the KORA FF4 study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12-28

AUTHORS

Agnes Luzak, Stefan Karrasch, Barbara Thorand, Dennis Nowak, Rolf Holle, Annette Peters, Holger Schulz

ABSTRACT

BackgroundIn lung disease, physical activity (PA) yields beneficial health effects, but its association with the function of healthy lungs has rarely been studied. We investigated the association of accelerometer-based PA with spirometric indices, maximal inspiratory mouth pressure (PImax) and lung diffusion capacity in lung-healthy adults.MethodsIn total, 341 apparently lung-healthy participants from the population-based KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg) FF4 cohort study (45% male, aged 48-68 years, 47% never smokers) completed lung function testing and wore ActiGraph accelerometers over a one week period at the hip. In adjusted regression analyses, moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) was characterized as: sex-specific activity quartiles, achieving ≥ 10 consecutive minutes (yes vs. no), and meeting the WHO PA recommendations (yes vs. no).ResultsPositive associations of MVPA-quartiles with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and corresponding Global Lung Function Initiative z-scores were found. Subjects in the most active quartile (> 47 or > 50 min/day for females and males, respectively) had 142 ml [95% CI: 23, 260] higher FEV1 and 155 ml [95% CI: 10, 301] higher FVC than those in the least active quartile (< 17 or < 21 min/day for females and males, respectively); however these associations were stronger among ex−/current smokers. Achieving at least once 10 consecutive minutes of MVPA was only associated with higher PImax [β-estimate: 0.57 kPa; 95% CI: 0.04, 1.10], remaining significant among never smokers. No associations were found with diffusion capacity or for reaching the WHO-recommended 150 min of MVPA/week in 10-min bouts.ConclusionsAlthough the effects were small, active subjects showed higher spirometric results. The observed associations were more pronounced among ever smokers suggesting a higher benefit of PA for subjects being at a higher risk for chronic lung diseases. More... »

PAGES

215

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2008-11-06. A comparison of direct versus self-report measures for assessing physical activity in adults: a systematic review in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • 2013-05-25. Körperliche Aktivität in BUNDESGESUNDHEITSBLATT - GESUNDHEITSFORSCHUNG - GESUNDHEITSSCHUTZ
  • 2016-06-16. Accelerometry and physical activity questionnaires - a systematic review in BMC PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2010-05-11. A systematic review of the evidence for Canada's Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • 2012-03-07. Effects of resistance training on respiratory function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis in SLEEP AND BREATHING
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12890-017-0562-8

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-017-0562-8

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100086259

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29282101


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