Modification of additive effect between vitamins and ETS on childhood asthma risk according to GSTP1 polymorphism : a cross -sectional ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

So-Yeon Lee, Bong-Seong Kim, Sung-Ok Kwon, Se-Young Oh, Hye Lim Shin, Young-Ho Jung, Eun Lee, Song-I Yang, Hyung Young Kim, Ju-Hee Seo, Hyo-Bin Kim, Ji-Won Kwon, Hae-Ran Lee, Soo-Jong Hong

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Asthma is characterized by airway inflammation, and bronchial airways are particularly susceptible to oxidant-induced tissue damage. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dietary antioxidant intake and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on the risk of childhood asthma according to genotypes susceptible to airway diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1124 elementary school children aged 7-12 years old. Asthma symptoms and smoking history were measured using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Intake of vitamin A (including retinol and β-carotene), C, and E was measured by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). GSTP1 polymorphisms were genotyped from peripheral blood samples. RESULTS: ETS was significantly associated with presence of asthma symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.48; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.29-4.76) and diagnosis (aOR, 1.91; 95 % CI, 1.19-3.06). Dietary antioxidant intake was not associated with asthma symptoms, although ETS plus low vitamin A intake showed a significant positive association with asthma diagnosis (aOR, 2.23; 95 % CI, 1.10-4.54). Children with AA at nucleotide 1695 in GSTP1 who had been exposed to ETS and a low vitamin A intake have an increased risk of asthma diagnosis (aOR, 4.44; 95 % CI,1.58-12.52) compared with children who had not been exposed to the two risk factors. However, ETS exposure and low vitamin A intake did not significantly increase odds of asthma diagnosis in children with AG or GG genotypes. CONCLUSION: Low vitamin A intake and ETS exposure may increase oxidative stress and thereby risk for childhood asthma. These relationships may be modified by gene susceptibility alleles of GSTP1. More... »

PAGES

125

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12890-015-0093-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-015-0093-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011356148

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26490046


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