Early linear growth retardation: results of a prospective study of Zambian infants View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Roma Chilengi, Mah Asombang, Jillian L. Kadota, Obvious N. Chilyabanyama, Katayi Mwila-Kazimbaya, Harriet Ng’ombe, Michelo Simuyandi, Samuel Bosomprah

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Linear growth retardation is the most dominant nutritional problem globally. We aimed to describe linear growth trajectory among infants under 2 years of age using the WHO growth velocity standards. METHOD: This was a prospective cohort study of infants enrolled at 6 weeks of age and followed up for up to 24 months in Kamwala Urban Health Centre, Lusaka, Zambia. The study was conducted between April 2013 and March 2015. Infants were enrolled if they were 6-12 weeks of age and the mother was willing to participate voluntarily and provided informed consent. Anthropometric data were collected at scheduled clinic visits at 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, then quarterly until the infant was 24 months old. We defined linear growth velocity as the rate of change in height. We estimated linear growth velocity as the first derivative of the penalized cubic spline mixed effects model. RESULTS: A total of 338 children were included in the analysis. Of these, 185 (54.7%) were female, 115 (34.1%) were born to HIV positive mothers and thus classified as HIV Exposed (HE). The mean age of children at enrollment was 1.6 months (SD = 0.15). On average, the growth velocity for 3-month length increments conditional on age were 0-3 months = 2.97 cm/3mo (95%CI = 2.69, 3.25); 3-6 months = 2.62 cm/3mo (95%CI = 2.38, 2.87); 6-9 months = 1.57 cm/3mo (95%CI = 1.43, 1.71); 9-12 months = 1.18 cm/3mo (95%CI = 1.08, 1.28); 12-15 month = 1.14 cm/3mo (95%CI = 1.02, 1.27); 15-18 months = 0.87 cm/3mo (95%CI = 0.79, 0.96); 18-21 months = 0.80 cm/3mo (95%CI = 0.72, 0.89); and 21-24 months = 0.86 cm/3mo (95%CI = 0.77, 0.96). For both boys and girls, the growth velocity in our cohort were consistently below the 3rd percentile of the WHO linear growth velocity standard. The estimated mean height and the age at which growth begins to falter were 68.6 cm (95%CI = 68.0, 69.2) and 13.6 months (95%CI = 13.2, 14.1) respectively. CONCLUSION: We found slower rate of growth among otherwise healthy Zambian infants. The data suggests that growth retardation is universal and profound in this cohort and may have already been occurring in utero. More... »

PAGES

61

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111402321

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30642306


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Ambulatory Care Facilities", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Anthropometry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Body Height", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child, Preschool", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Growth", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Growth Disorders", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "HIV Infections", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Infant", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Infant Health", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Infant, Newborn", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Informed Consent", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Mothers", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Parturition", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pregnancy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Prospective Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Urban Health", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Young Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Zambia", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9", 
          "name": [
            "Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chilengi", 
        "givenName": "Roma", 
        "id": "sg:person.01250043704.13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01250043704.13"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9", 
          "name": [
            "Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Asombang", 
        "givenName": "Mah", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9", 
          "name": [
            "Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kadota", 
        "givenName": "Jillian L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010456326470.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010456326470.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9", 
          "name": [
            "Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chilyabanyama", 
        "givenName": "Obvious N.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07657116316.54", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07657116316.54"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9", 
          "name": [
            "Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mwila-Kazimbaya", 
        "givenName": "Katayi", 
        "id": "sg:person.010742214550.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010742214550.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9", 
          "name": [
            "Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ng\u2019ombe", 
        "givenName": "Harriet", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9", 
          "name": [
            "Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Simuyandi", 
        "givenName": "Michelo", 
        "id": "sg:person.0626142151.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626142151.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Ghana", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8652.9", 
          "name": [
            "Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia", 
            "Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Accra, Legon, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bosomprah", 
        "givenName": "Samuel", 
        "id": "sg:person.0707001404.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0707001404.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3476(88)80627-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002734351"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(13)60103-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003501892"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.inf.0000264527.69954.4c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008023824"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.inf.0000264527.69954.4c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008023824"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)01024-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009536602"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)01024-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009536602"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)01024-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009536602"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ijo.2009.108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013634580", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2009.108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ijo.2009.108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013634580", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2009.108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3476(05)82045-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014347135"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(00)82011-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017137148"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1079/pns19930045", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017652900"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1079/pns19930045", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017652900"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ebch.434", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022742274"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ebch.434", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022742274"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.27.131.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025277991"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s2214-109x(16)30262-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027354992"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.1991", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028863091"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150100", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031211974"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150100", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031211974"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00002030-200102160-00011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035957879"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00002030-200102160-00011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035957879"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.114.191981", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039995737"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-3111", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041385702"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.00942.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045053631"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.285.4.413", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049549138"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2001.tb00313.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050028389"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2001.tb00313.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050028389"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-s3-s18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050514156", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-s3-s18"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13006-015-0033-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052935620", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-015-0033-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13006-015-0033-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052935620", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-015-0033-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-2256", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067825621"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/33.9.2041", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082342125"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083934204"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014145", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092340626"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0457", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100723824"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0457", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100723824"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0457", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100723824"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Linear growth retardation is the most dominant nutritional problem globally. We aimed to describe linear growth trajectory among infants under 2\u2009years of age using the WHO growth velocity standards.\nMETHOD: This was a prospective cohort study of infants enrolled at 6\u2009weeks of age and followed up for up to 24\u2009months in Kamwala Urban Health Centre, Lusaka, Zambia. The study was conducted between April 2013 and March 2015. Infants were enrolled if they were 6-12\u2009weeks of age and the mother was willing to participate voluntarily and provided informed consent. Anthropometric data were collected at scheduled clinic visits at 1\u2009month, 2\u2009months, 3\u2009months, then quarterly until the infant was 24\u2009months old. We defined linear growth velocity as the rate of change in height. We estimated linear growth velocity as the first derivative of the penalized cubic spline mixed effects model.\nRESULTS: A total of 338 children were included in the analysis. Of these, 185 (54.7%) were female, 115 (34.1%) were born to HIV positive mothers and thus classified as HIV Exposed (HE). The mean age of children at enrollment was 1.6\u2009months (SD\u2009=\u20090.15). On average, the growth velocity for 3-month length increments conditional on age were 0-3\u2009months\u2009=\u20092.97\u2009cm/3mo (95%CI\u2009=\u20092.69, 3.25); 3-6\u2009months\u2009=\u20092.62\u2009cm/3mo (95%CI\u2009=\u20092.38, 2.87); 6-9\u2009months\u2009=\u20091.57\u2009cm/3mo (95%CI\u2009=\u20091.43, 1.71); 9-12\u2009months\u2009=\u20091.18\u2009cm/3mo (95%CI\u2009=\u20091.08, 1.28); 12-15\u2009month\u2009=\u20091.14\u2009cm/3mo (95%CI\u2009=\u20091.02, 1.27); 15-18\u2009months\u2009=\u20090.87\u2009cm/3mo (95%CI\u2009=\u20090.79, 0.96); 18-21\u2009months\u2009=\u20090.80\u2009cm/3mo (95%CI\u2009=\u20090.72, 0.89); and 21-24\u2009months\u2009=\u20090.86\u2009cm/3mo (95%CI\u2009=\u20090.77, 0.96). For both boys and girls, the growth velocity in our cohort were consistently below the 3rd percentile of the WHO linear growth velocity standard. The estimated mean height and the age at which growth begins to falter were 68.6\u2009cm (95%CI\u2009=\u200968.0, 69.2) and 13.6\u2009months (95%CI\u2009=\u200913.2, 14.1) respectively.\nCONCLUSION: We found slower rate of growth among otherwise healthy Zambian infants. The data suggests that growth retardation is universal and profound in this cohort and may have already been occurring in utero.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2459603", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024954", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-2458"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Public Health", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "19"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Early linear growth retardation: results of a prospective study of Zambian infants", 
    "pagination": "61", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30c6752912dc9b37729da7e22c67551e557c54fe97755ce9508201cdd671e15a"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30642306"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "100968562"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1111402321"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111402321"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:08", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000338_0000000338/records_47960_00000002.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12889-019-6411-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

290 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      77 URIs      43 LITERALS      31 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3 schema:about N03ddc2ca365c47e483ac4e953fdca8d0
2 N0bc1169e9ea243bba9b85adf2e15c5cf
3 N10321a5da99b40008c73f91711af6807
4 N17d8c3c84a9e44e58cc8acc7f47180aa
5 N1831f2a09e0847238f91eaf606596907
6 N1cb8ff28ad624e378ef157b55e122925
7 N1f8e0422fb6740fdb8cb36b790825172
8 N26e876e123254c90a4efde7f6f793634
9 N3cf2d83bfdb44b37bd5d778302055bd4
10 N4c95c8098d104519a0478d3f3f2cfdce
11 N5c4a91f7c46245e6b5687e56fa3aa9fe
12 N6cf3ec6041dd46359d007d827f5ad1ec
13 N78df6dc7590e4d48b4c4965e1cebaa68
14 N895a13b39cdf46dd8ed27b5a7bc97c2d
15 N95ad451bc3b64ccda0d7a6f59b4183b1
16 Nc0798c916f024b1ba72314209020c261
17 Nc6530226e1fe44f2a688a4788ccb4889
18 Nd81b1ee3dd064d64892fa550a4173b0e
19 Ne134227434bf4d7eac671d39325d3a78
20 Ne37212a87e9644d4a45637f6e1a0673d
21 Nf1e60632582e4c439dcfe7fb8affe7cd
22 Nffded169143f4dba8586539edd102296
23 anzsrc-for:11
24 anzsrc-for:1117
25 schema:author Nafc0df3a83494a5d81f28ffae6151914
26 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/ijo.2009.108
27 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-s3-s18
28 sg:pub.10.1186/s13006-015-0033-x
29 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.285.4.413
30 https://doi.org/10.1002/ebch.434
31 https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.1991
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3476(05)82045-1
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3476(88)80627-9
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(00)82011-5
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(13)60103-8
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)01024-7
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2214-109x(16)30262-5
38 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.00942.x
39 https://doi.org/10.1079/pns19930045
40 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/33.9.2041
41 https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx023
42 https://doi.org/10.1097/00002030-200102160-00011
43 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.inf.0000264527.69954.4c
44 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2001.tb00313.x
45 https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.27.131.10
46 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014145
47 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150100
48 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-2256
49 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-3111
50 https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.114.191981
51 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0457
52 schema:datePublished 2019-12
53 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
54 schema:description BACKGROUND: Linear growth retardation is the most dominant nutritional problem globally. We aimed to describe linear growth trajectory among infants under 2 years of age using the WHO growth velocity standards. METHOD: This was a prospective cohort study of infants enrolled at 6 weeks of age and followed up for up to 24 months in Kamwala Urban Health Centre, Lusaka, Zambia. The study was conducted between April 2013 and March 2015. Infants were enrolled if they were 6-12 weeks of age and the mother was willing to participate voluntarily and provided informed consent. Anthropometric data were collected at scheduled clinic visits at 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, then quarterly until the infant was 24 months old. We defined linear growth velocity as the rate of change in height. We estimated linear growth velocity as the first derivative of the penalized cubic spline mixed effects model. RESULTS: A total of 338 children were included in the analysis. Of these, 185 (54.7%) were female, 115 (34.1%) were born to HIV positive mothers and thus classified as HIV Exposed (HE). The mean age of children at enrollment was 1.6 months (SD = 0.15). On average, the growth velocity for 3-month length increments conditional on age were 0-3 months = 2.97 cm/3mo (95%CI = 2.69, 3.25); 3-6 months = 2.62 cm/3mo (95%CI = 2.38, 2.87); 6-9 months = 1.57 cm/3mo (95%CI = 1.43, 1.71); 9-12 months = 1.18 cm/3mo (95%CI = 1.08, 1.28); 12-15 month = 1.14 cm/3mo (95%CI = 1.02, 1.27); 15-18 months = 0.87 cm/3mo (95%CI = 0.79, 0.96); 18-21 months = 0.80 cm/3mo (95%CI = 0.72, 0.89); and 21-24 months = 0.86 cm/3mo (95%CI = 0.77, 0.96). For both boys and girls, the growth velocity in our cohort were consistently below the 3rd percentile of the WHO linear growth velocity standard. The estimated mean height and the age at which growth begins to falter were 68.6 cm (95%CI = 68.0, 69.2) and 13.6 months (95%CI = 13.2, 14.1) respectively. CONCLUSION: We found slower rate of growth among otherwise healthy Zambian infants. The data suggests that growth retardation is universal and profound in this cohort and may have already been occurring in utero.
55 schema:genre research_article
56 schema:inLanguage en
57 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
58 schema:isPartOf N2b9776a03be7482a9761100b1cec6c5d
59 N6f15cae444d4493f8d29ea5d7222fd6d
60 sg:journal.1024954
61 schema:name Early linear growth retardation: results of a prospective study of Zambian infants
62 schema:pagination 61
63 schema:productId N0c4a83cedfcf4b7d99cb960270ef2075
64 N324954e0895f42aebf17a57925d6396a
65 Nd1526104be784de19a57164904a88028
66 Ne34171d5704845ffa4b27f1c5cc0a516
67 Nf1e41464976b452a842810ef52c21052
68 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111402321
69 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3
70 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:08
71 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
72 schema:sdPublisher N31c1ad740ded4d7bb475d8fa24bc118e
73 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12889-019-6411-3
74 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
75 sgo:sdDataset articles
76 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
77 N03ddc2ca365c47e483ac4e953fdca8d0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
78 schema:name Body Height
79 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
80 N0bc1169e9ea243bba9b85adf2e15c5cf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
81 schema:name Infant Health
82 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
83 N0c4a83cedfcf4b7d99cb960270ef2075 schema:name dimensions_id
84 schema:value pub.1111402321
85 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
86 N0f0478e057f24a33857dc5cfb706d3c7 rdf:first sg:person.010456326470.43
87 rdf:rest N7b207eb0243d4fd785727053301eedef
88 N0ff1ffbc5de24754ad14e1f1c52981e9 rdf:first Ne9feef2a9955424aa71991372934c580
89 rdf:rest N0f0478e057f24a33857dc5cfb706d3c7
90 N10321a5da99b40008c73f91711af6807 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
91 schema:name Adult
92 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
93 N17d8c3c84a9e44e58cc8acc7f47180aa schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
94 schema:name Male
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 N1831f2a09e0847238f91eaf606596907 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
97 schema:name Child, Preschool
98 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
99 N1cb8ff28ad624e378ef157b55e122925 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
100 schema:name Prospective Studies
101 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
102 N1f8e0422fb6740fdb8cb36b790825172 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
103 schema:name Infant
104 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
105 N26e876e123254c90a4efde7f6f793634 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
106 schema:name Humans
107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
108 N2b9776a03be7482a9761100b1cec6c5d schema:issueNumber 1
109 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
110 N31c1ad740ded4d7bb475d8fa24bc118e schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
111 rdf:type schema:Organization
112 N324954e0895f42aebf17a57925d6396a schema:name pubmed_id
113 schema:value 30642306
114 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
115 N3cf2d83bfdb44b37bd5d778302055bd4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
116 schema:name Informed Consent
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 N4c95c8098d104519a0478d3f3f2cfdce schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
119 schema:name Growth Disorders
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 N5c4a91f7c46245e6b5687e56fa3aa9fe schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
122 schema:name Ambulatory Care Facilities
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 N6cf3ec6041dd46359d007d827f5ad1ec schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
125 schema:name Urban Health
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 N6f15cae444d4493f8d29ea5d7222fd6d schema:volumeNumber 19
128 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
129 N78df6dc7590e4d48b4c4965e1cebaa68 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
130 schema:name Parturition
131 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
132 N7b207eb0243d4fd785727053301eedef rdf:first sg:person.07657116316.54
133 rdf:rest Nd183fb17d724487b89296c3d9298fc76
134 N895a13b39cdf46dd8ed27b5a7bc97c2d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
135 schema:name Female
136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
137 N95ad451bc3b64ccda0d7a6f59b4183b1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
138 schema:name Infant, Newborn
139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
140 N9fbe7ece8f5642aeabd3e2acd1d87339 rdf:first Nb514fda9ec834bca94530e8edb406477
141 rdf:rest Nb140e51466ac4c52aad2d7a03a445481
142 Nae5723c2d7234cb2b73bb4fda5f4fd70 rdf:first sg:person.0707001404.12
143 rdf:rest rdf:nil
144 Nafc0df3a83494a5d81f28ffae6151914 rdf:first sg:person.01250043704.13
145 rdf:rest N0ff1ffbc5de24754ad14e1f1c52981e9
146 Nb140e51466ac4c52aad2d7a03a445481 rdf:first sg:person.0626142151.20
147 rdf:rest Nae5723c2d7234cb2b73bb4fda5f4fd70
148 Nb514fda9ec834bca94530e8edb406477 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9
149 schema:familyName Ng’ombe
150 schema:givenName Harriet
151 rdf:type schema:Person
152 Nc0798c916f024b1ba72314209020c261 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
153 schema:name Zambia
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 Nc6530226e1fe44f2a688a4788ccb4889 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
156 schema:name Young Adult
157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
158 Nd1526104be784de19a57164904a88028 schema:name readcube_id
159 schema:value 30c6752912dc9b37729da7e22c67551e557c54fe97755ce9508201cdd671e15a
160 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
161 Nd183fb17d724487b89296c3d9298fc76 rdf:first sg:person.010742214550.01
162 rdf:rest N9fbe7ece8f5642aeabd3e2acd1d87339
163 Nd81b1ee3dd064d64892fa550a4173b0e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
164 schema:name Pregnancy
165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
166 Ne134227434bf4d7eac671d39325d3a78 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
167 schema:name Anthropometry
168 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
169 Ne34171d5704845ffa4b27f1c5cc0a516 schema:name nlm_unique_id
170 schema:value 100968562
171 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
172 Ne37212a87e9644d4a45637f6e1a0673d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
173 schema:name Growth
174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
175 Ne9feef2a9955424aa71991372934c580 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9
176 schema:familyName Asombang
177 schema:givenName Mah
178 rdf:type schema:Person
179 Nf1e41464976b452a842810ef52c21052 schema:name doi
180 schema:value 10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3
181 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
182 Nf1e60632582e4c439dcfe7fb8affe7cd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
183 schema:name Mothers
184 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
185 Nffded169143f4dba8586539edd102296 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
186 schema:name HIV Infections
187 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
188 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
189 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
190 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
191 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
192 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
193 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
194 sg:grant.2459603 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-019-6411-3
195 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
196 sg:journal.1024954 schema:issn 1471-2458
197 schema:name BMC Public Health
198 rdf:type schema:Periodical
199 sg:person.010456326470.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9
200 schema:familyName Kadota
201 schema:givenName Jillian L.
202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010456326470.43
203 rdf:type schema:Person
204 sg:person.010742214550.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9
205 schema:familyName Mwila-Kazimbaya
206 schema:givenName Katayi
207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010742214550.01
208 rdf:type schema:Person
209 sg:person.01250043704.13 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9
210 schema:familyName Chilengi
211 schema:givenName Roma
212 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01250043704.13
213 rdf:type schema:Person
214 sg:person.0626142151.20 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9
215 schema:familyName Simuyandi
216 schema:givenName Michelo
217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626142151.20
218 rdf:type schema:Person
219 sg:person.0707001404.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8652.9
220 schema:familyName Bosomprah
221 schema:givenName Samuel
222 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0707001404.12
223 rdf:type schema:Person
224 sg:person.07657116316.54 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9
225 schema:familyName Chilyabanyama
226 schema:givenName Obvious N.
227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07657116316.54
228 rdf:type schema:Person
229 sg:pub.10.1038/ijo.2009.108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013634580
230 https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2009.108
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-s3-s18 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050514156
233 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-s3-s18
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 sg:pub.10.1186/s13006-015-0033-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052935620
236 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-015-0033-x
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.285.4.413 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049549138
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1002/ebch.434 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022742274
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.1991 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028863091
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3476(05)82045-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014347135
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3476(88)80627-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002734351
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(00)82011-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017137148
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(13)60103-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003501892
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)01024-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009536602
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2214-109x(16)30262-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027354992
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.00942.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045053631
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1079/pns19930045 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017652900
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/33.9.2041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082342125
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083934204
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1097/00002030-200102160-00011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035957879
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.inf.0000264527.69954.4c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008023824
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2001.tb00313.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050028389
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.27.131.10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025277991
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014145 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092340626
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031211974
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-2256 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067825621
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-3111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041385702
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.114.191981 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039995737
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0457 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100723824
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418015.9 schema:alternateName Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia
285 schema:name Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia
286 rdf:type schema:Organization
287 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8652.9 schema:alternateName University of Ghana
288 schema:name Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Accra, Legon, Ghana
289 Research Division, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Plot # 34620, Off Alick Nkhata Road, PO Box 34681, Lusaka, Zambia
290 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...