The handling of evidence in national and local policy making: a case study of alcohol industry actor strategies regarding data ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Ingeborg Rossow, Jim McCambridge

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Effective alcohol policy measures conflict with the interests of the alcohol industry. In this study we addressed how various alcohol industry actors in Norway have responded to research findings and police data relating to the possible impacts of changes in on-premise trading hours on violent offending. METHODS: A content analysis of documents was undertaken. The documents comprised i) hearing statements from policy processes on on-premise trading hours at the national level, and in 15 Norwegian cities, and ii) newspaper articles and other media coverage of this topic in Norway. RESULTS: Alcohol industry actors employed a range of strategies to shape the use of evidence regarding on-premise trading hours and violence. Nationally, the relevance of the international research literature was questioned before the publication of an unfavourable national study which was criticized directly. This led to commissioned attacks on the findings, constructing what were claimed to be disagreements between experts, emphasis on the complexity of violence and the role of confounding variables, and deflecting attention to alternative interventions. The handling of evidence at the local level was importantly different, where different industry actors and forms of evidence, notably police data, were involved in debates. CONCLUSION: Alcohol industry actors employed various strategies to shape perceptions and use of evidence to advance their interests. The particular strategies and arguments changed over time as new data and research became available, and also varied between the national and the local levels, and by categories of industry actors. More... »

PAGES

44

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-018-6348-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6348-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111309844

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30626353


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