A cholera outbreak in a rural north central Nigerian community: an unmatched case-control study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Chioma Cindy Dan-Nwafor, Uzoma Ogbonna, Pamela Onyiah, Saheed Gidado, Bashorun Adebobola, Patrick Nguku, Peter Nsubuga

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cholera remains a disease of public health importance in Nigeria associated with high morbidity and mortality. In November 2014, the Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (NFELTP) was notified of an increase in suspected cholera cases in Gomani, Kwali Local Government Area. NFELTP residents were deployed to investigate the outbreak with the objectives of verifying the diagnosis, identifying risk factors and instituting appropriate control measures to control the outbreak. METHODS: We conducted an unmatched case-control study. We defined a cholera case as any person aged ≥5 years with acute watery diarrhea in Gomani community. We identified community controls. A total of 43 cases and 68 controls were recruited. Structured questionnaires were administered to both cases and controls. Four stool samples from case-patients and two water samples from the community water source were collected for laboratory investigation. We performed univariate and bivariate analysis using Epi-Info version 7.1.3.10. RESULTS: The mean age of cases and controls was 20.3 years and 25.4 respectively (p value 0.09). Females constituted 58.1% (cases) and 51.5%(controls). The attack rate was 4.3% with a case fatality rate of 13%. Four stool (100%) specimen tested positive for Vibrio cholerae. The water source and environment were polluted by indiscriminate defecation. Compared to controls, cases were more likely to have drank from Zamani river (OR 14.2, 95% CI: 5.5-36.8) and living in households(HH) with more than 5 persons/HH (OR 5.9, 95% CI: 1.3-27.2). Good hand hygiene was found to be protective (OR 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1-0.7). CONCLUSION: Vibrio cholerae was the cause of the outbreak in Gomani. Drinking water from Zamani river, living in overcrowded HH and poor hand hygiene were significantly associated with the outbreak. We initiated hand hygiene and water treatment to control the outbreak. More... »

PAGES

112

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111663462

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30683078


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dan-Nwafor", 
        "givenName": "Chioma Cindy", 
        "id": "sg:person.014747317030.80", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014747317030.80"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ogbonna", 
        "givenName": "Uzoma", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Onyiah", 
        "givenName": "Pamela", 
        "id": "sg:person.015337116252.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015337116252.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "African Field Epidemiology Network", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422130.6", 
          "name": [
            "Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria", 
            "African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gidado", 
        "givenName": "Saheed", 
        "id": "sg:person.01205126412.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01205126412.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "African Field Epidemiology Network", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422130.6", 
          "name": [
            "Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria", 
            "African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Adebobola", 
        "givenName": "Bashorun", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "African Field Epidemiology Network", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422130.6", 
          "name": [
            "Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria", 
            "African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nguku", 
        "givenName": "Patrick", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Global Public Health Solutions, Atlanta, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nsubuga", 
        "givenName": "Peter", 
        "id": "sg:person.0716462610.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0716462610.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/cmr.15.4.757-770.2002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004296370"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/82_2014_369", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014787363", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/82_2014_369"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jit198", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019413581"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2008.01832.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020726925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1107.041266", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021723407"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5772/63358", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027950507"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-1167", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029818520", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1167"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jit202", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030275694"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2012.03763.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031602756"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950408", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032397284"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0035-9203(96)90507-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035610473"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065x.2008.00677.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036332112"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1312680", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039472909"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejme058031", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042731240"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0331", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042964520"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qco.0b013e32834a88af", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043189351"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/qco.0b013e32834a88af", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043189351"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0400", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043717762"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.11150/kansenshogakuzasshi1970.71.1037", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047556806"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1007547117763", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051426854", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1007547117763"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1007547117763", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051426854", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1007547117763"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1102149108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052756278"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022172400060083", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054798858"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/42.5.305", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060059416"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/tru077", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060061770"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.11.093427", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070837925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075485809", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076187597", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2003.0006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076895755"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079146943", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/cmr.8.1.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082473105"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082982414", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Cholera remains a disease of public health importance in Nigeria associated with high morbidity and mortality. In November 2014, the Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (NFELTP) was notified of an increase in suspected cholera cases in Gomani, Kwali Local Government Area. NFELTP residents were deployed to investigate the outbreak with the objectives of verifying the diagnosis, identifying risk factors and instituting appropriate control measures to control the outbreak.\nMETHODS: We conducted an unmatched case-control study. We defined a cholera case as any person aged \u22655\u2009years with acute watery diarrhea in Gomani community. We identified community controls. A total of 43 cases and 68 controls were recruited. Structured questionnaires were administered to both cases and controls. Four stool samples from case-patients and two water samples from the community water source were collected for laboratory investigation. We performed univariate and bivariate analysis using Epi-Info version 7.1.3.10.\nRESULTS: The mean age of cases and controls was 20.3\u2009years and 25.4 respectively (p value 0.09). Females constituted 58.1% (cases) and 51.5%(controls). The attack rate was 4.3% with a case fatality rate of 13%. Four stool (100%) specimen tested positive for Vibrio cholerae. The water source and environment were polluted by indiscriminate defecation. Compared to controls, cases were more likely to have drank from Zamani river (OR 14.2, 95% CI: 5.5-36.8) and living in households(HH) with more than 5 persons/HH (OR 5.9, 95% CI: 1.3-27.2). Good hand hygiene was found to be protective (OR 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1-0.7).\nCONCLUSION: Vibrio cholerae was the cause of the outbreak in Gomani. Drinking water from Zamani river, living in overcrowded HH and poor hand hygiene were significantly associated with the outbreak. We initiated hand hygiene and water treatment to control the outbreak.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024954", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-2458"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Public Health", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "19"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "A cholera outbreak in a rural north central Nigerian community: an unmatched case-control study", 
    "pagination": "112", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "dc5d04c83fb7d9ba1b881dc7749500bb7db9fd78aa0e9c8c5ef25185aca63ad4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30683078"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "100968562"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1111663462"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111663462"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T08:58", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000326_0000000326/records_68454_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12889-018-6299-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

205 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      59 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1117
3 schema:author N1aebe03fd330457b9c801db82d959103
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/82_2014_369
5 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1007547117763
6 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-1167
7 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075485809
8 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076187597
9 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079146943
10 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082982414
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0035-9203(96)90507-6
12 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022172400060083
13 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejme058031
14 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1312680
15 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1102149108
16 https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jit198
17 https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jit202
18 https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/42.5.305
19 https://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/tru077
20 https://doi.org/10.1097/qco.0b013e32834a88af
21 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2008.01832.x
22 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2012.03763.x
23 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065x.2008.00677.x
24 https://doi.org/10.11150/kansenshogakuzasshi1970.71.1037
25 https://doi.org/10.1128/cmr.15.4.757-770.2002
26 https://doi.org/10.1128/cmr.8.1.48
27 https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2003.0006
28 https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.11.093427
29 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950408
30 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1107.041266
31 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0331
32 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0400
33 https://doi.org/10.5772/63358
34 schema:datePublished 2019-12
35 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
36 schema:description BACKGROUND: Cholera remains a disease of public health importance in Nigeria associated with high morbidity and mortality. In November 2014, the Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme (NFELTP) was notified of an increase in suspected cholera cases in Gomani, Kwali Local Government Area. NFELTP residents were deployed to investigate the outbreak with the objectives of verifying the diagnosis, identifying risk factors and instituting appropriate control measures to control the outbreak. METHODS: We conducted an unmatched case-control study. We defined a cholera case as any person aged ≥5 years with acute watery diarrhea in Gomani community. We identified community controls. A total of 43 cases and 68 controls were recruited. Structured questionnaires were administered to both cases and controls. Four stool samples from case-patients and two water samples from the community water source were collected for laboratory investigation. We performed univariate and bivariate analysis using Epi-Info version 7.1.3.10. RESULTS: The mean age of cases and controls was 20.3 years and 25.4 respectively (p value 0.09). Females constituted 58.1% (cases) and 51.5%(controls). The attack rate was 4.3% with a case fatality rate of 13%. Four stool (100%) specimen tested positive for Vibrio cholerae. The water source and environment were polluted by indiscriminate defecation. Compared to controls, cases were more likely to have drank from Zamani river (OR 14.2, 95% CI: 5.5-36.8) and living in households(HH) with more than 5 persons/HH (OR 5.9, 95% CI: 1.3-27.2). Good hand hygiene was found to be protective (OR 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1-0.7). CONCLUSION: Vibrio cholerae was the cause of the outbreak in Gomani. Drinking water from Zamani river, living in overcrowded HH and poor hand hygiene were significantly associated with the outbreak. We initiated hand hygiene and water treatment to control the outbreak.
37 schema:genre research_article
38 schema:inLanguage en
39 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
40 schema:isPartOf Nb1b5e342ff8e4c2289bde0317f2a1749
41 Ndf327e45fdd54ac3aec00cdc51613949
42 sg:journal.1024954
43 schema:name A cholera outbreak in a rural north central Nigerian community: an unmatched case-control study
44 schema:pagination 112
45 schema:productId N0f74c8207bf74c0d98683598424d97b0
46 N3369e9d485f24f40b6fa99e909300eb8
47 N39efe3e524e1445d84283db787c93ac5
48 N550fd069cc184f5d8fcc0654f427b6cd
49 N9a540f4630d04d3581e783879eaa0153
50 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111663462
51 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3
52 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T08:58
53 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
54 schema:sdPublisher N35643da8e4cb4d4eaca4f5549654f6a3
55 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12889-018-6299-3
56 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
57 sgo:sdDataset articles
58 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
59 N0735e743a42d4555bc608061500685f5 schema:name Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria
60 rdf:type schema:Organization
61 N0f74c8207bf74c0d98683598424d97b0 schema:name readcube_id
62 schema:value dc5d04c83fb7d9ba1b881dc7749500bb7db9fd78aa0e9c8c5ef25185aca63ad4
63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
64 N1aebe03fd330457b9c801db82d959103 rdf:first sg:person.014747317030.80
65 rdf:rest N5f749dbed3eb494a8c2a4f5fdf5a2995
66 N3343b1cf5b9a439c8a0880ccbe29c43e schema:affiliation Nd6956ee3d97b4821a9dd91b2079aec5f
67 schema:familyName Ogbonna
68 schema:givenName Uzoma
69 rdf:type schema:Person
70 N3369e9d485f24f40b6fa99e909300eb8 schema:name doi
71 schema:value 10.1186/s12889-018-6299-3
72 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
73 N35643da8e4cb4d4eaca4f5549654f6a3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
74 rdf:type schema:Organization
75 N39efe3e524e1445d84283db787c93ac5 schema:name pubmed_id
76 schema:value 30683078
77 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
78 N550fd069cc184f5d8fcc0654f427b6cd schema:name nlm_unique_id
79 schema:value 100968562
80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
81 N5ec2ba1e15eb4f98b12c10db8610fd73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422130.6
82 schema:familyName Nguku
83 schema:givenName Patrick
84 rdf:type schema:Person
85 N5f749dbed3eb494a8c2a4f5fdf5a2995 rdf:first N3343b1cf5b9a439c8a0880ccbe29c43e
86 rdf:rest N61429b8a5d4b4e658152570c0ddcbd67
87 N61429b8a5d4b4e658152570c0ddcbd67 rdf:first sg:person.015337116252.96
88 rdf:rest N84a13902f7e54fc5aa25dfb887b66d88
89 N84a13902f7e54fc5aa25dfb887b66d88 rdf:first sg:person.01205126412.36
90 rdf:rest Naab8e7c90aaa4cb687f80ce2543b99bc
91 N9a540f4630d04d3581e783879eaa0153 schema:name dimensions_id
92 schema:value pub.1111663462
93 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
94 Na5d20048110342489342716671beea99 schema:name Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria
95 rdf:type schema:Organization
96 Naab8e7c90aaa4cb687f80ce2543b99bc rdf:first Ndedcbba75b004f7085516e6c4282f848
97 rdf:rest Nd4f2d5dafc3a47baa378e339073101b6
98 Nb1b5e342ff8e4c2289bde0317f2a1749 schema:issueNumber 1
99 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
100 Nb1e37350c53a4b778ef8102d242d9119 schema:name Global Public Health Solutions, Atlanta, USA
101 rdf:type schema:Organization
102 Nd4f2d5dafc3a47baa378e339073101b6 rdf:first N5ec2ba1e15eb4f98b12c10db8610fd73
103 rdf:rest Nfafad1af5abb4fdf8a8e7217500e31cb
104 Nd6956ee3d97b4821a9dd91b2079aec5f schema:name Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria
105 rdf:type schema:Organization
106 Ndedcbba75b004f7085516e6c4282f848 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422130.6
107 schema:familyName Adebobola
108 schema:givenName Bashorun
109 rdf:type schema:Person
110 Ndf327e45fdd54ac3aec00cdc51613949 schema:volumeNumber 19
111 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
112 Nfafad1af5abb4fdf8a8e7217500e31cb rdf:first sg:person.0716462610.83
113 rdf:rest rdf:nil
114 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
115 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
118 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 sg:journal.1024954 schema:issn 1471-2458
121 schema:name BMC Public Health
122 rdf:type schema:Periodical
123 sg:person.01205126412.36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422130.6
124 schema:familyName Gidado
125 schema:givenName Saheed
126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01205126412.36
127 rdf:type schema:Person
128 sg:person.014747317030.80 schema:affiliation N0735e743a42d4555bc608061500685f5
129 schema:familyName Dan-Nwafor
130 schema:givenName Chioma Cindy
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014747317030.80
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:person.015337116252.96 schema:affiliation Na5d20048110342489342716671beea99
134 schema:familyName Onyiah
135 schema:givenName Pamela
136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015337116252.96
137 rdf:type schema:Person
138 sg:person.0716462610.83 schema:affiliation Nb1e37350c53a4b778ef8102d242d9119
139 schema:familyName Nsubuga
140 schema:givenName Peter
141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0716462610.83
142 rdf:type schema:Person
143 sg:pub.10.1007/82_2014_369 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014787363
144 https://doi.org/10.1007/82_2014_369
145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
146 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1007547117763 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051426854
147 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1007547117763
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-1167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029818520
150 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1167
151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
152 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075485809 schema:CreativeWork
153 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076187597 schema:CreativeWork
154 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079146943 schema:CreativeWork
155 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082982414 schema:CreativeWork
156 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0035-9203(96)90507-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035610473
157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
158 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022172400060083 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054798858
159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
160 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejme058031 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042731240
161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
162 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1312680 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039472909
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1102149108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052756278
165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
166 https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jit198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019413581
167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
168 https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jit202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030275694
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/42.5.305 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060059416
171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
172 https://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/tru077 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060061770
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 https://doi.org/10.1097/qco.0b013e32834a88af schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043189351
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2008.01832.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020726925
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2012.03763.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031602756
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065x.2008.00677.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036332112
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 https://doi.org/10.11150/kansenshogakuzasshi1970.71.1037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047556806
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 https://doi.org/10.1128/cmr.15.4.757-770.2002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004296370
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 https://doi.org/10.1128/cmr.8.1.48 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082473105
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2003.0006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076895755
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.11.093427 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070837925
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0104.950408 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032397284
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1107.041266 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021723407
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0331 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042964520
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0400 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043717762
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 https://doi.org/10.5772/63358 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027950507
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.422130.6 schema:alternateName African Field Epidemiology Network
203 schema:name African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda
204 Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria
205 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...