Under-estimation of maternal and perinatal mortality revealed by an enhanced surveillance system: enumerating all births and deaths in Pakistan View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Jasim Anwar, Siranda Torvaldsen, Mohamud Sheikh, Richard Taylor

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Reliable and timely data on maternal and neonatal mortality is required to implement health interventions, monitor progress, and evaluate health programs at national and sub-national levels. In most South Asian countries, including Pakistan, vital civil registration and health information systems are inadequate. The aim of this study is to determine accurate maternal and perinatal mortality through enhanced surveillance of births and deaths, compared with prior routinely collected data. METHODS: An enhanced surveillance system was established that measured maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality rates through more complete enumeration of births and deaths in a rural district of Pakistan. Data were collected over a period of 1 year (2015/16) from augmentation of the existing health information system covering public healthcare facilities (n = 19), and the community through 273 existing Lady Health Workers; and with the addition of private healthcare facilities (n = 10), and 73 additional Community Health Workers to cover a total study population of 368,454 consisting of 51,690 eligible women aged 18 to 49 years with 7580 pregnancies and 7273 live births over 1 year. Maternal, neonatal, perinatal and stillbirth rates and ratios were calculated, with comparisons to routine reporting from the previous period (2014-15). RESULTS: Higher maternal mortality, perinatal mortality and neonatal mortality rates were observed through enhanced surveillance compared to mortality rates in the previous 1.5 years from the routine monitoring system from increased completeness and coverage. Maternal mortality was 247 compared to 180 per 100, 000 live births (p = 0.36), neonatal mortality 40 compared to 20 per 1, 000 live births (p < 0.001), and perinatal mortality 60 compared to 47 per 1000 live births (p < 0.001). All the mortality rates were higher than provincial and national estimates proffered by international agencies based on successive Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys and projections. CONCLUSION: Extension of coverage and improvement in completeness through reconciliation of data from health information systems is possible and required to obtain accurate maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality for assessment of health service interventions at a local level. More... »

PAGES

428

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-018-5363-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5363-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101896335

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29609571


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51 schema:description BACKGROUND: Reliable and timely data on maternal and neonatal mortality is required to implement health interventions, monitor progress, and evaluate health programs at national and sub-national levels. In most South Asian countries, including Pakistan, vital civil registration and health information systems are inadequate. The aim of this study is to determine accurate maternal and perinatal mortality through enhanced surveillance of births and deaths, compared with prior routinely collected data. METHODS: An enhanced surveillance system was established that measured maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality rates through more complete enumeration of births and deaths in a rural district of Pakistan. Data were collected over a period of 1 year (2015/16) from augmentation of the existing health information system covering public healthcare facilities (n = 19), and the community through 273 existing Lady Health Workers; and with the addition of private healthcare facilities (n = 10), and 73 additional Community Health Workers to cover a total study population of 368,454 consisting of 51,690 eligible women aged 18 to 49 years with 7580 pregnancies and 7273 live births over 1 year. Maternal, neonatal, perinatal and stillbirth rates and ratios were calculated, with comparisons to routine reporting from the previous period (2014-15). RESULTS: Higher maternal mortality, perinatal mortality and neonatal mortality rates were observed through enhanced surveillance compared to mortality rates in the previous 1.5 years from the routine monitoring system from increased completeness and coverage. Maternal mortality was 247 compared to 180 per 100, 000 live births (p = 0.36), neonatal mortality 40 compared to 20 per 1, 000 live births (p < 0.001), and perinatal mortality 60 compared to 47 per 1000 live births (p < 0.001). All the mortality rates were higher than provincial and national estimates proffered by international agencies based on successive Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys and projections. CONCLUSION: Extension of coverage and improvement in completeness through reconciliation of data from health information systems is possible and required to obtain accurate maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality for assessment of health service interventions at a local level.
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