Disparities in cardiovascular disease among Caribbean populations: a systematic literature review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-08-28

AUTHORS

Damian K. Francis, Nadia R. Bennett, Trevor S. Ferguson, Anselm JM Hennis, Rainford J. Wilks, E. Nigel Harris, Marlene MY MacLeish, Louis W. Sullivan, On behalf of the U.S. Caribbean Alliance for Health Disparities Research Group (USCAHDR)

ABSTRACT

BackgroundCardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the predominant cause of death globally. The large health disparities in the distribution of the burden of disease seen in developed and developing countries are of growing concern. Central to this concern is the poor outcome which is seen disproportionately in socially disadvantaged groups and racial/ethnic minorities. The aim of the study was to conduct a systematic literature review to investigate the nature of cardiovascular disease health disparities among Afro-Caribbean origin populations and identify current knowledge gaps.MethodsA systematic literature review including a detailed search strategy was developed to search MEDLINE and other research databases. Using an a priori protocol peer-reviewed publications and grey literature articles were retrieved and screened and relevant data extracted by two independent review authors. Thematic analysis was done according to CVD outcomes and measures of disparity including age, sex, ethnicity and socioeconomic status.ResultsThe search retrieved 665 articles of which 22 met the inclusion criteria. Most studies were conducted in the United Kingdom and centered on the prevalence of CVD by ethnicity, age and sex. An important sub-theme identified was the disparities in health service utilization/hospital admission. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) and Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) were less prevalent among Afro-Caribbeans compared to Caucasian and South East Asian ethnic groups. The prevalence of CHD ranged from 0–7 % in Afro-Caribbean to 2–22 % in Caucasians. Strokes were more common among Afro-Caribbeans. There are inadequate data on morbidity and mortality from CVD, particularly across the socio-economic gradient, in Afro-Caribbean populations.ConclusionsThere are important differences in morbidity and mortality from CVD across ethnic groups. Important knowledge gaps remain in understanding the social determinants of these disparities in CVD. More research exploring these gaps by varying disparity indicators needs to be undertaken. More... »

PAGES

828

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12889-015-2166-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2166-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023286415

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26310793


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