Association of schizophrenia onset age and white matter integrity with treatment effect of D-cycloserine: a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind crossover study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Kazuo Takiguchi, Akihito Uezato, Michio Itasaka, Hidenori Atsuta, Kenji Narushima, Naoki Yamamoto, Akeo Kurumaji, Makoto Tomita, Kazunari Oshima, Kosaku Shoda, Mai Tamaru, Masahito Nakataki, Mitsutoshi Okazaki, Sayuri Ishiwata, Yasuyoshi Ishiwata, Masato Yasuhara, Kunimasa Arima, Tetsuro Ohmori, Toru Nishikawa

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that drugs which promote the N-Methyl-D-aspartate-type glutamate receptor function by stimulating the glycine modulatory site in the receptor improve negative symptoms and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia patients being treated with antipsychotic drugs. METHODS: We performed a placebo-controlled double-blind crossover study involving 41 schizophrenia patients in which D-cycloserine 50 mg/day was added-on, and the influence of the onset age and association with white matter integrity on MR diffusion tensor imaging were investigated for the first time. The patients were evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), and other scales. RESULTS: D-cycloserine did not improve positive or negative symptoms or cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. The investigation in consideration of the onset age suggests that D-cycloserine may aggravate negative symptoms of early-onset schizophrenia. The better treatment effect of D-cycloserine on BACS was observed when the white matter integrity of the sagittal stratum/ cingulum/fornix stria terminalis/genu of corpus callosum/external capsule was higher, and the better treatment effect on PANSS general psychopathology (PANSS-G) was observed when the white matter integrity of the splenium of corpus callosum was higher. In contrast, the better treatment effect of D-cycloserine on PANSS-G and SANS-IV were observed when the white matter integrity of the posterior thalamic radiation (left) was lower. CONCLUSION: It was suggested that response to D-cycloserine is influenced by the onset age and white matter integrity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (number UMIN000000468 ). Registered 18 August 2006. More... »

PAGES

249

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12888-017-1410-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-017-1410-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090600225

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28701225


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