Isolated neonatal bilateral vocal cord paralysis revealing a unilateral medullary defect: a case report View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Camille Brotelande, Nicolas Leboucq, Mohamed Akkari, Thomas Roujeau, Massimo Di Maio, Christophe Milési, Michel Mondain, Charles Raybaud, Gilles Cambonie

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Congenital bilateral vocal cord paralysis is a rare occurrence. Approximately half the cases are associated with a major comorbidity, usually neurological, neuromuscular or malformative. CASE PRESENTATION: In a male newborn, respiratory distress syndrome and stridor were observed immediately following birth. The cause was bilateral vocal cord paralysis in the adducted position. Neuroradiological investigation revealed a unilateral discontinuity between the upper pons and the right medulla oblongata. Hypoplasia of the right posterior hemiarches of C1-C2 and the right exo-occipital bone was observed, as was a small clivus. MR angiography showed the absence of the distal right vertebral artery, with hypoplasia and parietal irregularities of the proximal segments. Respiratory autonomy was not obtained despite endoscopic laser cordotomy, corticosteroid therapy and nasal continuous positive airway pressure. The infant died at the age of 4 weeks after treatment was limited to comfort care. CONCLUSIONS: A medullary lesion is an exceptional cause of congenital bilateral vocal cord paralysis. The strictly unilateral neurological and vascular defect and the absence of associated intracranial or extracranial malformation make this clinical case unique and suggest a disruptive mechanism. This case also highlights the help provided by advanced neuroimaging techniques, i.e. fibre tracking using diffusion tensor imaging, in the decision-making process. More... »

PAGES

351

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12887-018-1329-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1329-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109796369

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30413155


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39 schema:description BACKGROUND: Congenital bilateral vocal cord paralysis is a rare occurrence. Approximately half the cases are associated with a major comorbidity, usually neurological, neuromuscular or malformative. CASE PRESENTATION: In a male newborn, respiratory distress syndrome and stridor were observed immediately following birth. The cause was bilateral vocal cord paralysis in the adducted position. Neuroradiological investigation revealed a unilateral discontinuity between the upper pons and the right medulla oblongata. Hypoplasia of the right posterior hemiarches of C1-C2 and the right exo-occipital bone was observed, as was a small clivus. MR angiography showed the absence of the distal right vertebral artery, with hypoplasia and parietal irregularities of the proximal segments. Respiratory autonomy was not obtained despite endoscopic laser cordotomy, corticosteroid therapy and nasal continuous positive airway pressure. The infant died at the age of 4 weeks after treatment was limited to comfort care. CONCLUSIONS: A medullary lesion is an exceptional cause of congenital bilateral vocal cord paralysis. The strictly unilateral neurological and vascular defect and the absence of associated intracranial or extracranial malformation make this clinical case unique and suggest a disruptive mechanism. This case also highlights the help provided by advanced neuroimaging techniques, i.e. fibre tracking using diffusion tensor imaging, in the decision-making process.
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