Brain biomarkers and pre-injury cognition are associated with long-term cognitive outcome in children with traumatic brain injury View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Amy A. Wilkinson, Maureen Dennis, Nevena Simic, Margot J. Taylor, Benjamin R. Morgan, Helena Frndova, Karen Choong, Craig Campbell, Douglas Fraser, Vicki Anderson, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Russell Schachar, Jamie Hutchison, For the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (CCCTG), The Canadian Critical Care Translational Biology Group (CCCTBG)

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are frequently at risk of long-term impairments of attention and executive functioning but these problems are difficult to predict. Although deficits have been reported to vary with injury severity, age at injury and sex, prognostication of outcome remains imperfect at a patient-specific level. The objective of this proof of principle study was to evaluate a variety of patient variables, along with six brain-specific and inflammatory serum protein biomarkers, as predictors of long-term cognitive outcome following paediatric TBI. METHOD: Outcome was assessed in 23 patients via parent-rated questionnaires related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and executive functioning, using the Conners 3rd Edition Rating Scales (Conners-3) and Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) at a mean time since injury of 3.1 years. Partial least squares (PLS) analyses were performed to identify factors measured at the time of injury that were most closely associated with outcome on (1) the Conners-3 and (2) the Behavioural Regulation Index (BRI) and (3) Metacognition Index (MI) of the BRIEF. RESULTS: Higher levels of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and lower levels of soluble neuron cell adhesion molecule (sNCAM) were associated with higher scores on the inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity and executive functioning scales of the Conners-3, as well as working memory and initiate scales of the MI from the BRIEF. Higher levels of NSE only were associated with higher scores on the inhibit scale of the BRI. CONCLUSIONS: NSE and sNCAM show promise as reliable, early predictors of long-term attention-related and executive functioning problems following paediatric TBI. More... »

PAGES

173

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1999-10. Brain development during childhood and adolescence: a longitudinal MRI study in NATURE NEUROSCIENCE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12887-017-0925-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-017-0925-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090885706

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28738850


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