Prader–Willi syndrome in neonates: twenty cases and review of the literature in Southern China View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Ping Wang, Wei Zhou, Weiming Yuan, Longguang Huang, Ning Zhao, Xiaowen Chen

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome is a rare genetic abnormality that can be challenging to diagnose early, but for which early interventions improve prognosis. METHODS: To improve understanding of Prader-Willi syndrome in neonates in Asia, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 20 affected newborns diagnosed in the Department of Neonatology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, China from January 2007 to December 2014 and performed a review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: Fourteen boys and six girls presented with hypotonia, poor responsiveness, feeding difficulty, and infrequent, weak crying. Different from western patients, the 20 Asian patients exhibited at least five of the following typical features: prominent forehead, narrow face, almond-shaped eyes, small mouth, downturned mouth, thin upper lip, and micromandible. All 14 boys had a small scrotum, including nine with cryptorchidism. Diagnoses were made with microarray comparative genomic hybridization. All 20 infants required feeding tubes. Fifteen received swallowing training immediately after admission; the period of continuous tube feeding for these patients ranged from 8 to 22 days (mean, 14 ± 5.3 days). For the five patients who did not receive swallowing training, the period of continuous tube feeding ranged from 15 to 35 days (mean, 18 ± 4.3 days). Comprehensive care measures included: giving parents detailed health education and basic information about this disease, teaching skills to promote feeding and prevent suffocation, increasing children's passive activity, providing nutrition management for normal development, and preventing excessive or inadequate nutrient intake. CONCLUSIONS: Neonates with Prader-Willi syndrome in Asia have hypotonia, poor responsiveness, feeding difficulty, infrequent and weak crying, genital hypoplasia, and characteristic facial features. Recognition of the syndrome in neonates with confirmation by genetic testing is essential, because early diagnosis allows early intervention. Treatment measures including swallowing training can improve prognosis, prevent growth retardation and obesity, and elevate quality of life in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome. More... »

PAGES

124

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-01. Prader-Willi syndrome in GENETICS IN MEDICINE
  • 2004-03. Minimum prevalence, birth incidence and cause of death for Prader–Willi syndrome in Flanders in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS
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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27506196


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    46 schema:description BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome is a rare genetic abnormality that can be challenging to diagnose early, but for which early interventions improve prognosis. METHODS: To improve understanding of Prader-Willi syndrome in neonates in Asia, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 20 affected newborns diagnosed in the Department of Neonatology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, China from January 2007 to December 2014 and performed a review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: Fourteen boys and six girls presented with hypotonia, poor responsiveness, feeding difficulty, and infrequent, weak crying. Different from western patients, the 20 Asian patients exhibited at least five of the following typical features: prominent forehead, narrow face, almond-shaped eyes, small mouth, downturned mouth, thin upper lip, and micromandible. All 14 boys had a small scrotum, including nine with cryptorchidism. Diagnoses were made with microarray comparative genomic hybridization. All 20 infants required feeding tubes. Fifteen received swallowing training immediately after admission; the period of continuous tube feeding for these patients ranged from 8 to 22 days (mean, 14 ± 5.3 days). For the five patients who did not receive swallowing training, the period of continuous tube feeding ranged from 15 to 35 days (mean, 18 ± 4.3 days). Comprehensive care measures included: giving parents detailed health education and basic information about this disease, teaching skills to promote feeding and prevent suffocation, increasing children's passive activity, providing nutrition management for normal development, and preventing excessive or inadequate nutrient intake. CONCLUSIONS: Neonates with Prader-Willi syndrome in Asia have hypotonia, poor responsiveness, feeding difficulty, infrequent and weak crying, genital hypoplasia, and characteristic facial features. Recognition of the syndrome in neonates with confirmation by genetic testing is essential, because early diagnosis allows early intervention. Treatment measures including swallowing training can improve prognosis, prevent growth retardation and obesity, and elevate quality of life in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome.
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