MR imaging features of orbital Langerhans cell Histiocytosis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12-19

AUTHORS

Chunnan Wu, Kuncheng Li, Yan Hei, Pengyu Lan, Xuetao Mu

ABSTRACT

BackgroundTo investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of orbital Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) to improve diagnostic accuracy.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed clinical manifestations and MRI findings of 23 patients with histopathology-confirmed LCH of the orbit. The findings were evaluated for the following: (a) symptoms, (b) disease duration, (c) location, (d) configuration, (e) margin, (f) MR imaging signal intensity and enhanced performance.ResultsEighteen patients (78%) in our series were male, only five (22%) patients were female, and the mean age at presentation was 6.3 years. The common symptoms include swollen eyelids, exophthalmos, and a palpable mass. Fourteen patients presented with swollen eyelids and/or exophthalmos. Twenty-two cases involved unilateral orbits, and one case involved bilateral orbits. In our study, there was one patient with cough and expectoration, and one patient with polydipsia and polyuria. Lesions were located in the superior or superlateral orbital roof of seventeen patients (74%). Lesions formed masses or irregular shapes. The 12 out of 23 (52.2%) cases appeared heterogeneous isointense and 10 out of 23 (43.5%) cases showed iso-hypointense on T1-weighted imaging, there were 15 out of 23 (65.2%) cases showed hyper-hypointense mixed signals on T2-weighted imaging. 7 cases found patchy hyperintense signal on T1WI, and 11 cases showed markedly hyperintense signal near the edge of lesions on T2WI. After enhancement, 21 out of 23 (91.3%) cases lesions presented marked enhancement at the edges and the surrounding tissues, and with heterogeneous obvious enhancement of the lesion center. Besides, four cases lesions were surrounded by a low circular signal.ConclusionThere were several characteristics MRI features that can provide crucial information for clinicians and improve our understanding and the diagnostic accuracy of the orbital LCH. More... »

PAGES

263

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12886-019-1269-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1269-9

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123532431

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31856763


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