Comparative sequence analysis of patient-matched primary colorectal cancer, metastatic, and recurrent metastatic tumors after adjuvant FOLFOX chemotherapy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Kazuaki Harada, Wataru Okamoto, Sachiyo Mimaki, Yasuyuki Kawamoto, Hideaki Bando, Riu Yamashita, Satoshi Yuki, Takayuki Yoshino, Yoshito Komatsu, Atsushi Ohtsu, Naoya Sakamoto, Katsuya Tsuchihara

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the era of genome-guided personalized cancer treatment, we must understand chemotherapy-induced genomic changes in tumors. This study evaluated whether adjuvant FOLFOX chemotherapy modifies the mutational profile of recurrent colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was performed on samples from primary CRC tumors, untreated metastatic tumors, and recurrent tumors following adjuvant FOLFOX chemotherapy. The samples were resected from four patients. RESULTS: The number of mutations or the mutation spectrum in individual patients was nearly identical. Copy number variants persisted regardless of FOLFOX therapy administration. The genomic signature of oxaliplatin exposure (G > T/C > A, T > A/A > T) was not enriched after FOLFOX chemotherapy. Overlapping single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and indels remained in 26-65% of the patient-matched tumor samples. One patient harbored an AKT1 E17K mutation in the recurrent tumor, whereas PIK3CA E542K and E88Q mutations were detected in the primary and untreated metastatic tumor samples. Genes related to intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis were enriched among the genes uniquely mutated after FOLFOX chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: We found that the mutation rates, mutation spectrum, and copy number variants were nearly identical regardless of the administration of FOLFOX therapy in the four CRC cases. The mutational discordance between the patient-matched tumor samples is likely caused by tumor heterogeneity and chemotherapy-induced clonal selection. These findings might be useful as pilot data for larger studies to clarify the changes in the mutational landscape induced by adjuvant FOLFOX chemotherapy. More... »

PAGES

255

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12885-019-5479-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5479-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112926600

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30898102


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