Fascin-1 enhances experimental osteosarcoma tumor formation and metastasis and is related to poor patient outcome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Matthias J. Arlt, Aleksandar Kuzmanov, Jess G. Snedeker, Bruno Fuchs, Unai Silvan, Adam A. Sabile

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fascin-1, a prominent actin-bundling protein, is found to be upregulated in several human carcinomas. While it is accepted that Fascin-1 expression correlates with poor clinical outcome and decreased survival in various carcinomas, its role in sarcoma such as osteosarcoma (OS) remains unknown. In the present study, we evaluated the prognostic value and biological relevance of Fascin-1 in OS. METHODS: The correlation between Fascin-1 expression and the outcome of OS patients was determined by immunohistochemistry analysis of Fascin-1 expression in a tissue microarray of OS tissue specimens collected during primary tumor resection. To examine the effect of Fascin-1, shRNA and overexpression technology to alter Fascin-1 levels in OS cells were used in cellular assays as well as in intratibial xenograft OS models in SCID mice. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of Fascin-1 expression in OS tumor specimens revealed a direct relationship between Fascin-1 expression and poor patient survival. Furthermore, overexpression of Fascin-1 in OS cells significantly increased their migratory capacity as well as the activity of the matrix metalloprotease MMP-9, known to be critical for the execution of metastasis. Finally, using relevant xenograft mouse models, orthotopic intratibial transplantation of two different OS cell lines overexpressing Fascin-1 promoted tumor growth and lung metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our findings demonstrate for the first time that Fascin-1 has considerable potential as a novel prognostic biomarker in OS, and suggest that targeting of Fascin-1 might be a new anti-metastatic strategy in OS patient treatment. More... »

PAGES

83

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12885-019-5303-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5303-3

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111501567

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30654764


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