Unconditional and conditional standards for fetal abdominal circumference and estimated fetal weight in an ethnic Chinese population: a birth cohort ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

Ying Xu, Ngee Lek, Yin Bun Cheung, Arijit Biswas, Lin Lin Su, Kenneth Y. C. Kwek, George S. H. Yeo, Shu-E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Peter D. Gluckman, Yap-Seng Chong

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of intrauterine fetal growth restriction and prediction of small-for-gestation age are often based on fetal abdominal circumference or estimated fetal weight (EFW). The present study aims to create unconditional (cross-sectional) and conditional (longitudinal) standards of fetal abdominal circumference and EFW for use in an ethnic Chinese population. METHODS: In the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcome (GUSTO) birth cohort study in Singapore, fetal biometric measurements were obtained at enrolment to antenatal care (11-12 weeks) and up to three more time points during pregnancy. Singleton pregnancies with a healthy profile defined by maternal, pregnancy and fetal characteristics and birth outcomes were selected for this analysis. The Hadlock algorithm was used to calculate EFW. Mixed effects model was used to establish unconditional and conditional standards in z-scores and percentiles for both genders pooled and for each gender separately. RESULTS: A total of 313 women were included, of whom 294 had 3 and 19 had 2 ultrasound scans other than the gestational age dating scan. Fetal abdominal circumference showed a roughly linear trajectory from 18 to 36 weeks of gestation, while EFW showed an accelerating trajectory. Gender differences were more pronounced in the 10(th) percentile than the 50(th) or 90(th) percentiles. As compared to other published charts, this population showed growth trajectories that started low but caught up at later gestations. CONCLUSIONS: Unconditional and conditional standards for monitoring fetal size and fetal growth in terms of abdominal circumference and EFW are available for this ethnic-Chinese population. Electronic spreadsheets are provided for their implementation. More... »

PAGES

141

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12884-015-0569-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-015-0569-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031693435

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26108619


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