Cilostazol improves endothelial function in acute cerebral ischemia patients: a double-blind placebo controlled trial with flow-mediated dilation technique View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Seong-Joon Lee, Jin Soo Lee, Mun Hee Choi, Sung Eun Lee, Dong Hoon Shin, Ji Man Hong

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In order to evaluate the impact of cilostazol on endothelial function, we compared the changes of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) between aspirin and cilostazol groups in patients with acute cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Patients presenting with acute cerebral ischemic events were randomly assigned into aspirin (n = 40) or cilostazol (n = 40) group in a double-blinded manner. FMD was measured at baseline (T0) and 90 days (T1). We measured L-arginine at baseline (a precursor of biologically active nitric oxides). Serious and non-serious adverse events were described. RESULTS: Despite no difference in the baseline FMD values (p = 0.363), there was a significant increase of FMD values in cilostazol group (7.9 ± 2.4 to 8.9 ± 2.3%, p = 0.001) and not in aspirin group (8.5 ± 2.6 to 9.3 ± 2.8%, p = 0.108). In the multiple regression analysis performed in cilostazol group, serum L-arginine levels were inversely correlated with FMD at T1 (ß = -0.050, SE: 0.012, p < 0.001) with age, total cholesterol levels, and C-reactive protein as confounders. While T0 FMD values in both aspirin and cilostazol groups did not show any correlation with serum L-arginine levels, the correlation is restored in the cilostazol group at T1 (r = 0.467, p = 0.007), while such is not shown in the aspirin group. There was no difference of serious adverse events between the two groups (p = 0.235). Adverse events were more common in the cilostazol group (35/40 vs. 25/40, p = 0.010), due to frequent headaches (14/40 vs. 3/30, p = 0.003) which was well tolerated. CONCLUSION: Cilostazol improved endothelial function in acute cerebral ischemia patients. It also restored an inverse correlation between 3-month FMD and baseline L-arginine levels. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03116269 , 04/12/2017, retrospectively registered. More... »

PAGES

169

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12883-017-0950-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-017-0950-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091371041

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28851320


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12883-017-0950-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12883-017-0950-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12883-017-0950-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12883-017-0950-y'


 

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58 schema:description BACKGROUND: In order to evaluate the impact of cilostazol on endothelial function, we compared the changes of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) between aspirin and cilostazol groups in patients with acute cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Patients presenting with acute cerebral ischemic events were randomly assigned into aspirin (n = 40) or cilostazol (n = 40) group in a double-blinded manner. FMD was measured at baseline (T0) and 90 days (T1). We measured L-arginine at baseline (a precursor of biologically active nitric oxides). Serious and non-serious adverse events were described. RESULTS: Despite no difference in the baseline FMD values (p = 0.363), there was a significant increase of FMD values in cilostazol group (7.9 ± 2.4 to 8.9 ± 2.3%, p = 0.001) and not in aspirin group (8.5 ± 2.6 to 9.3 ± 2.8%, p = 0.108). In the multiple regression analysis performed in cilostazol group, serum L-arginine levels were inversely correlated with FMD at T1 (ß = -0.050, SE: 0.012, p < 0.001) with age, total cholesterol levels, and C-reactive protein as confounders. While T0 FMD values in both aspirin and cilostazol groups did not show any correlation with serum L-arginine levels, the correlation is restored in the cilostazol group at T1 (r = 0.467, p = 0.007), while such is not shown in the aspirin group. There was no difference of serious adverse events between the two groups (p = 0.235). Adverse events were more common in the cilostazol group (35/40 vs. 25/40, p = 0.010), due to frequent headaches (14/40 vs. 3/30, p = 0.003) which was well tolerated. CONCLUSION: Cilostazol improved endothelial function in acute cerebral ischemia patients. It also restored an inverse correlation between 3-month FMD and baseline L-arginine levels. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03116269 , 04/12/2017, retrospectively registered.
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