Chronic kidney disease awareness among the general population: tool validation and knowledge assessment in a developing country View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-26

AUTHORS

Samar Younes, Nisreen Mourad, Jihan Safwan, Mariam Dabbous, Mohamad Rahal, Marah Al Nabulsi, Fouad Sakr

ABSTRACT

IntroductionGood knowledge and early identification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) can help in preventing disease progression in its early stages and reducing undesired outcomes. The aim of the current study was to assess the level of public knowledge about CKD, determine predictors of better knowledge, and to construct and validate a CKD knowledge scale for public health assessment and research use.MethodsA community-based cross-sectional study was conducted using an electronic self-administered questionnaire. All people living in Lebanon and being 18 years of age and above were considered eligible for recruitment. CKD knowledge was assessed by a 37-item scale that was constructed by principal component analysis and then validated. The score of the CKD knowledge scale was computed from the extracted factors. A multivariable binomial logistic regression model evaluated the sociodemographic and clinical predictors of the knowledge score.ResultsA total of 1308 participants were included. The scale items converged over 9 factors with Eigenvalue greater than 1 and explaining 53.26% of the total variance, and the total scale had a high Cronbach’s alpha of 0.804. All items of the scale significantly correlated with the full scale with correlation coefficients ranging from 0.082 to 0.558. The ROC curve analysis determined an optimal cutoff point of better knowledge at 47.5 with 70.6% sensitivity and 44.2% specificity. The CKD knowledge score had a median of 51.00 (IQR 47.00–55.00). Higher knowledge score was significantly associated with old age (ORa = 1.018, 95% CI 1.006–1.030, P = 0.003),, occupation (ORa = 3.919, 95% CI 2.107–7.288, P < 0.001), and recent renal function assessment (ORa = 2.314, 95% CI 1.532–3.495, P < 0.001). However, a lower knowledge score was significantly associated with lower level of education (ORa = 0.462, 95% CI 0.327–0.653, P < 0.001).ConclusionA reliable tool to assess public knowledge and awareness about CKD was developed and validated. The overall knowledge was good, however, important gaps in CKD awareness were detected in some areas and subpopulations. Therefore, public health stakeholders need to implement targeted CKD educational activities to minimize the disease burden. More... »

PAGES

266

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12882-022-02889-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-022-02889-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149753094

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35883118


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