Reducing disparities in kidney transplantation for Spanish-speaking patients through creation of a dedicated center View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-15

AUTHORS

Madhura Pande, Monica Grafals, Katherine Rizzolo, Elizabeth Pomfret, Jessica Kendrick

ABSTRACT

IntroductionHispanic Americans receive disproportionately fewer organ transplants than non-Hispanic whites. In 2018, the Hispanic Kidney Transplant Program (HKTP) was established as at the University of Colorado Hospital (UCH). The purpose of this quality improvement study was to examine the effect of this culturally sensitive program in reducing disparities in kidney transplantation.MethodsWe performed a mixed-methods analysis of data from 436 Spanish-speaking patients referred for transplant to UCH between 2015 and 2020. We compared outcomes for patients referred between 2015–2017 (n = 156) to those referred between 2018–2020 (n = 280). Semi-structured phone interviews were conducted with 6 patients per time period and with 6 nephrology providers in the Denver Metro Area. Patients and providers were asked to evaluate communication, transplant education, and overall experience.ResultsWhen comparing the two time periods, there was a significant increase in the percentage of patients being referred (79.5% increase, p-0.008) and evaluated for transplant (82.4% increase, p = 0.02) during 2018–2020. While the number of committee reviews and number waitlisted increased during 2018–2020, it did not reach statistical significance (82.9% increase, p = 0.37 and 79.5% increase, p = 0.75, respectively. During patient and provider interviews, we identified 4 themes reflecting participation in the HKTP: improved communication, enhanced patient education, improved experience and areas for advancement. Overall, patients and providers reported a positive experience with the HKTP and noted improved patient understanding of the transplantation process.ConclusionsThe establishment of the HKTP is associated with a significant increase in Spanish-speaking Hispanic patients being referred and evaluated for kidney transplantation. More... »

PAGES

251

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12882-022-02879-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-022-02879-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149508486

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35840913


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