Risk factors for mortality in kidney transplant recipients with COVID‐19: a single centre experience and case–control study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-07

AUTHORS

Devprakash Choudhary, Deepesh Kenwar, Ajay Sharma, Ashish Bhalla, Sarbpreet Singh, Mini P Singh, Vivek Kumar, Ashish Sharma

ABSTRACT

BackgroundCOVID-19 infection is considered to cause high mortality in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). Old age, comorbidities and acute kidney injury are known risk factors for increased mortality in KTR. Nevertheless, mortality rates have varied across different regions. Differences in age, comorbidities and varying standards of care across geographies may explain some variations. However, it is still unclear whether post-transplant duration, induction therapy, antirejection therapy and co-infections contribute to increased mortality in KTR with COVID-19. The present study assessed risk factors in a large cohort from India.MethodsA matched case–control study was performed to analyze risk factors for death in KTR (N = 218) diagnosed with COVID-19 between April 2020 to July 2021 at the study centre. Cases were KTR who died (non-survivors, N = 30), whereas those who survived were taken as controls (survivors, N = 188).ResultsA high death-to-case ratio of 13.8% was observed amongst study group KTR infected with COVID-19. There was a high incidence (12.4%) of co-infections, with cytomegalovirus being the most common co-infection among non-survivors. Diarrhea, co-infection, high oxygen requirement, and need for mechanical ventilation were significantly associated with mortality on regression analyses. Antirejection therapy, lymphopenia and requirement for renal replacement therapy were associated with worse outcomes.ConclusionsThe mortality was much higher in KTR who required mechanical ventilation and had co-infections. Mortality did not vary with the type of transplant, post-transplant duration and usage of depletion induction therapy. An aggressive approach has to be taken for an early diagnosis and therapeutic intervention of associated infections. More... »

PAGES

241

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12882-022-02821-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-022-02821-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149298383

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35799110


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