Impact of thyroid function on cystatin C in detecting acute kidney injury: a prospective, observational study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Danqing Zhang, Lu Gao, Heng Ye, Ruibin Chi, Lin Wang, Linhui Hu, Xin Ouyang, Yating Hou, Yujun Deng, Yi Long, Weiping Xiong, Chunbo Chen

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cystatin C (Cys C) used clinically for detecting early acute kidney injury (AKI) was reported to be associated with thyroid function. Therefore, whether the performance of Cys C is affected by thyroid hormones has raised concern in critically ill patients. This study aimed to investigate the impact of thyroid hormones on the diagnostic and predictive accuracy of Cys C for AKI, and hence optimize the clinical application of Cys C. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in the general intensive care units (ICUs). Serum creatinine (SCr), Cys C, and thyroid function were documented for all patients at ICU admission. Patients were separated into five quintiles based on free triiodothyronine (FT3) and total triiodothyronine (TT3), and two categories according to the presence of low T3 syndrome or not. The impact of thyroid function on the performance of Cys C in diagnosing and predicting AKI was assessed by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: The AKI incidence was 30.0% (402/1339); 225 patients had AKI upon entry, and 177 patients developed AKI during the subsequent 7 days. The AUCs for Cys C in detecting total AKI, established AKI, and later-onset AKI was 0.753, 0.797, and 0.669, respectively. The multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that TT3 and FT3 were independently associated with Cys C. Overall, although Cys C did not yield any significant difference in AUCs for detecting AKI among patients with different thyroid hormones, the optimal cut-off value of Cys C to detect AKI was markedly different between patients with and without low T3 syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The thyroid function had no significant impact on the diagnostic and predictive accuracy of Cys C in detecting AKI in ICU patients. However, the optimal cut-off value of Cys C to detect AKI could be affected by thyroid function. More... »

PAGES

41

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12882-019-1201-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1201-9

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111954500

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30727972


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40 schema:description BACKGROUND: Cystatin C (Cys C) used clinically for detecting early acute kidney injury (AKI) was reported to be associated with thyroid function. Therefore, whether the performance of Cys C is affected by thyroid hormones has raised concern in critically ill patients. This study aimed to investigate the impact of thyroid hormones on the diagnostic and predictive accuracy of Cys C for AKI, and hence optimize the clinical application of Cys C. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in the general intensive care units (ICUs). Serum creatinine (SCr), Cys C, and thyroid function were documented for all patients at ICU admission. Patients were separated into five quintiles based on free triiodothyronine (FT3) and total triiodothyronine (TT3), and two categories according to the presence of low T3 syndrome or not. The impact of thyroid function on the performance of Cys C in diagnosing and predicting AKI was assessed by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: The AKI incidence was 30.0% (402/1339); 225 patients had AKI upon entry, and 177 patients developed AKI during the subsequent 7 days. The AUCs for Cys C in detecting total AKI, established AKI, and later-onset AKI was 0.753, 0.797, and 0.669, respectively. The multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that TT3 and FT3 were independently associated with Cys C. Overall, although Cys C did not yield any significant difference in AUCs for detecting AKI among patients with different thyroid hormones, the optimal cut-off value of Cys C to detect AKI was markedly different between patients with and without low T3 syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The thyroid function had no significant impact on the diagnostic and predictive accuracy of Cys C in detecting AKI in ICU patients. However, the optimal cut-off value of Cys C to detect AKI could be affected by thyroid function.
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