Comparing tuberculosis management under public and private healthcare providers: Victoria, Australia, 2002–2015 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-03

AUTHORS

Katie D. Dale, Ee Laine Tay, James M. Trauer, Peter G. Trevan, Justin T. Denholm

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Private healthcare providers are important to tuberculosis (TB) management globally, although internationally there are reports of suboptimal management and disparities in treatment commencement in the private sector. We compared the management of TB patients receiving private versus public healthcare in Victoria, an industrialised setting with low tuberculosis (TB) incidence. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study: 2002-2015. Private healthcare provision was included as an independent variable in several multivariate logistic and Cox proportional hazard regression models that assessed a range of outcome variables, encompassing treatment commencement delays, management and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: Of 5106 patients, 275 (5.4%) exclusively saw private providers, and 4714 (92.32%) public. Private care was associated with a shorter delay to presentation (HR 1.36, p = 0.065, 95% CI 1.02-2.00). Private patients were less likely to have genotypic testing (OR 0.66, p = 0.009, 95% CI 0.48-0.90), those with pulmonary involvement were less likely to have a sputum smear (OR 0.52, p = 0.011, 95% CI 0.31-0.86) and provided samples were less likely to be positive (OR 0.54, p = 0.070, 95% CI 0.27-1.05). Private patients with extrapulmonary TB were less likely to have a smear sample (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.48-0.90, p = 0.009) and radiological abnormalities (OR 0.71, p = 0.070, 95% CI 0.27-1.05). Treatment commencement delays from presentation were comparable for cases with pulmonary involvement and extrapulmonary TB, although public extrapulmonary TB patients received radiological examinations slightly earlier than private patients (HR 0.79, p = 0.043, 95% CI 0.63-0.99) and public patients with pulmonary involvement from high burden settings commenced treatment following an abnormal CXR more promptly than their private counterparts (HR 0.41, p = 0.011, 95% CI 0.21-0.81). Private patients were more likely to receive <4 first-line medications (OR 2.17, p = 0.001, 95% CI 1.36-3.46), but treatment outcomes were comparable between sectors. CONCLUSIONS: The differences we identified are likely to reflect differing case-mix as well as clinician practice. Sputum smear status was an important covariable in our analysis; with its addition we found no significant disparity in the health-system delay to treatment commencement between sectors. Our study highlights the importance of TB programs engaging with private providers, enabling comprehensive data collection that is necessary for thorough and true comparison of TB management and optimisation of care. More... »

PAGES

324

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084956871

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28468641


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adolescent", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Health Personnel", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Kaplan-Meier Estimate", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Middle Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Patients' Rooms", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Private Sector", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Proportional Hazards Models", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Public Sector", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Retrospective Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Sputum", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Tuberculosis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Tuberculosis, Pulmonary", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Victoria", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.483778.7", 
          "name": [
            "Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dale", 
        "givenName": "Katie D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01023145147.18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01023145147.18"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria, Australia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.453680.c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria, Australia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tay", 
        "givenName": "Ee Laine", 
        "id": "sg:person.01207322775.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01207322775.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1002.3", 
          "name": [
            "Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia", 
            "School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Trauer", 
        "givenName": "James M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01325777330.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01325777330.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.483778.7", 
          "name": [
            "Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Trevan", 
        "givenName": "Peter G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01275001076.79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01275001076.79"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1008.9", 
          "name": [
            "Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia", 
            "Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Denholm", 
        "givenName": "Justin T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01321573657.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01321573657.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12879-014-0624-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009380103", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-014-0624-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12879-015-1253-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018694225", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-015-1253-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-8-15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003514562", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-15"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-015-1560-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036830182", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1560-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6963-13-439", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009039121", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-439"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-9-53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040258982", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-53"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-12-369", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015379298", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-369"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2017-05-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2017-05-03", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Private healthcare providers are important to tuberculosis (TB) management globally, although internationally there are reports of suboptimal management and disparities in treatment commencement in the private sector. We compared the management of TB patients receiving private versus public healthcare in Victoria, an industrialised setting with low tuberculosis (TB) incidence.\nMETHODS: Retrospective cohort study: 2002-2015. Private healthcare provision was included as an independent variable in several multivariate logistic and Cox proportional hazard regression models that assessed a range of outcome variables, encompassing treatment commencement delays, management and treatment outcomes.\nRESULTS: Of 5106 patients, 275 (5.4%) exclusively saw private providers, and 4714 (92.32%) public. Private care was associated with a shorter delay to presentation (HR 1.36, p\u00a0=\u00a00.065, 95% CI 1.02-2.00). Private patients were less likely to have genotypic testing (OR 0.66, p\u00a0=\u00a00.009, 95% CI 0.48-0.90), those with pulmonary involvement were less likely to have a sputum smear (OR 0.52, p\u00a0=\u00a00.011, 95% CI 0.31-0.86) and provided samples were less likely to be positive (OR 0.54, p\u00a0=\u00a00.070, 95% CI 0.27-1.05). Private patients with extrapulmonary TB were less likely to have a smear sample (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.48-0.90, p\u00a0=\u00a00.009) and radiological abnormalities (OR 0.71, p\u00a0=\u00a00.070, 95% CI 0.27-1.05). Treatment commencement delays from presentation were comparable for cases with pulmonary involvement and extrapulmonary TB, although public extrapulmonary TB patients received radiological examinations slightly earlier than private patients (HR 0.79, p\u00a0=\u00a00.043, 95% CI 0.63-0.99) and public patients with pulmonary involvement from high burden settings commenced treatment following an abnormal CXR more promptly than their private counterparts (HR 0.41, p\u00a0=\u00a00.011, 95% CI 0.21-0.81). Private patients were more likely to receive <4 first-line medications (OR 2.17, p\u00a0=\u00a00.001, 95% CI 1.36-3.46), but treatment outcomes were comparable between sectors.\nCONCLUSIONS: The differences we identified are likely to reflect differing case-mix as well as clinician practice. Sputum smear status was an important covariable in our analysis; with its addition we found no significant disparity in the health-system delay to treatment commencement between sectors. Our study highlights the importance of TB programs engaging with private providers, enabling comprehensive data collection that is necessary for thorough and true comparison of TB management and optimisation of care.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024946", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-2334"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Infectious Diseases", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "17"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "pulmonary involvement", 
      "private patients", 
      "extrapulmonary TB", 
      "TB patients", 
      "treatment commencement", 
      "treatment outcomes", 
      "tuberculosis management", 
      "private healthcare providers", 
      "healthcare providers", 
      "Cox proportional hazards regression model", 
      "proportional hazards regression models", 
      "low tuberculosis incidence", 
      "extrapulmonary TB patients", 
      "sputum smear status", 
      "retrospective cohort study", 
      "health system delay", 
      "first-line medication", 
      "high-burden settings", 
      "hazards regression models", 
      "optimization of care", 
      "smear status", 
      "cohort study", 
      "TB programs", 
      "burden settings", 
      "radiological abnormalities", 
      "tuberculosis incidence", 
      "sputum smear", 
      "radiological examination", 
      "abnormal CXR", 
      "TB management", 
      "multivariate logistic", 
      "genotypic testing", 
      "clinician practice", 
      "suboptimal management", 
      "patients", 
      "public patients", 
      "smear samples", 
      "outcome variables", 
      "private providers", 
      "healthcare provision", 
      "private care", 
      "significant disparities", 
      "care", 
      "regression models", 
      "involvement", 
      "outcomes", 
      "providers", 
      "presentation", 
      "TB", 
      "comprehensive data collection", 
      "commencement", 
      "management", 
      "public healthcare", 
      "medications", 
      "CXR", 
      "disparities", 
      "abnormalities", 
      "incidence", 
      "setting", 
      "smears", 
      "short delay", 
      "treatment", 
      "study", 
      "examination", 
      "independent variables", 
      "report", 
      "status", 
      "data collection", 
      "true comparison", 
      "healthcare", 
      "delay", 
      "samples", 
      "differences", 
      "testing", 
      "variables", 
      "cases", 
      "Victoria", 
      "practice", 
      "program", 
      "addition", 
      "provision", 
      "comparison", 
      "importance", 
      "analysis", 
      "counterparts", 
      "collection", 
      "model", 
      "private sector", 
      "private healthcare provision", 
      "range", 
      "logistics", 
      "private counterparts", 
      "sector", 
      "optimization", 
      "treatment commencement delays", 
      "commencement delays", 
      "public extrapulmonary TB patients"
    ], 
    "name": "Comparing tuberculosis management under public and private healthcare providers: Victoria, Australia, 2002\u20132015", 
    "pagination": "324", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1084956871"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "28468641"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084956871"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:30", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_745.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

297 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      148 URIs      133 LITERALS      25 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x schema:about N0f3dc34f04284640bee80605c8d75f4c
2 N1435779d23314a1fb4f21be24673d925
3 N244e8f68b1954f8cb2fb167f47934057
4 N3d34e373f1664ea591aeef5cbf32c4e9
5 N48a7f45f401846b283fa06eeefb5294b
6 N4a713eef56054e14901537aac364a258
7 N6ef2650b4c6649589d64f85c4623c341
8 N72375a4f1bbe49ab9768448eee7ac16c
9 N729dd0fff68c4820878e3a7cb298b762
10 N9f24716e7bd347928043d4fa2d59c919
11 Na90522c6daa441ffb2735dd2cb6f0e99
12 Nae28afa4256c47c5b98450f354686d0a
13 Nb5458ced718247b5918a7bcbb6ca4017
14 Nd36a6353bc26421a92d72aee652d3a5f
15 Ndd47cdab72e3437eb72001b7a39b7d19
16 Ndff4fede73fa484f9fc781d3a69c0bbd
17 Ne3596085f085433f8fbdabbbd6fe8144
18 Nfd814bbd8c4847a4adf695335024a1f9
19 anzsrc-for:11
20 anzsrc-for:1117
21 schema:author N93f45dad0b3d47e6a858a78e2d61ddc9
22 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-12-369
23 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-8-15
24 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-9-53
25 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6963-13-439
26 sg:pub.10.1186/s12879-014-0624-y
27 sg:pub.10.1186/s12879-015-1253-9
28 sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-015-1560-7
29 schema:datePublished 2017-05-03
30 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-05-03
31 schema:description BACKGROUND: Private healthcare providers are important to tuberculosis (TB) management globally, although internationally there are reports of suboptimal management and disparities in treatment commencement in the private sector. We compared the management of TB patients receiving private versus public healthcare in Victoria, an industrialised setting with low tuberculosis (TB) incidence. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study: 2002-2015. Private healthcare provision was included as an independent variable in several multivariate logistic and Cox proportional hazard regression models that assessed a range of outcome variables, encompassing treatment commencement delays, management and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: Of 5106 patients, 275 (5.4%) exclusively saw private providers, and 4714 (92.32%) public. Private care was associated with a shorter delay to presentation (HR 1.36, p = 0.065, 95% CI 1.02-2.00). Private patients were less likely to have genotypic testing (OR 0.66, p = 0.009, 95% CI 0.48-0.90), those with pulmonary involvement were less likely to have a sputum smear (OR 0.52, p = 0.011, 95% CI 0.31-0.86) and provided samples were less likely to be positive (OR 0.54, p = 0.070, 95% CI 0.27-1.05). Private patients with extrapulmonary TB were less likely to have a smear sample (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.48-0.90, p = 0.009) and radiological abnormalities (OR 0.71, p = 0.070, 95% CI 0.27-1.05). Treatment commencement delays from presentation were comparable for cases with pulmonary involvement and extrapulmonary TB, although public extrapulmonary TB patients received radiological examinations slightly earlier than private patients (HR 0.79, p = 0.043, 95% CI 0.63-0.99) and public patients with pulmonary involvement from high burden settings commenced treatment following an abnormal CXR more promptly than their private counterparts (HR 0.41, p = 0.011, 95% CI 0.21-0.81). Private patients were more likely to receive <4 first-line medications (OR 2.17, p = 0.001, 95% CI 1.36-3.46), but treatment outcomes were comparable between sectors. CONCLUSIONS: The differences we identified are likely to reflect differing case-mix as well as clinician practice. Sputum smear status was an important covariable in our analysis; with its addition we found no significant disparity in the health-system delay to treatment commencement between sectors. Our study highlights the importance of TB programs engaging with private providers, enabling comprehensive data collection that is necessary for thorough and true comparison of TB management and optimisation of care.
32 schema:genre article
33 schema:inLanguage en
34 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
35 schema:isPartOf Na33aaa138c594d03975c074597cc4b16
36 Nd6b7f83e5edc4088a7f58d535ad6738f
37 sg:journal.1024946
38 schema:keywords CXR
39 Cox proportional hazards regression model
40 TB
41 TB management
42 TB patients
43 TB programs
44 Victoria
45 abnormal CXR
46 abnormalities
47 addition
48 analysis
49 burden settings
50 care
51 cases
52 clinician practice
53 cohort study
54 collection
55 commencement
56 commencement delays
57 comparison
58 comprehensive data collection
59 counterparts
60 data collection
61 delay
62 differences
63 disparities
64 examination
65 extrapulmonary TB
66 extrapulmonary TB patients
67 first-line medication
68 genotypic testing
69 hazards regression models
70 health system delay
71 healthcare
72 healthcare providers
73 healthcare provision
74 high-burden settings
75 importance
76 incidence
77 independent variables
78 involvement
79 logistics
80 low tuberculosis incidence
81 management
82 medications
83 model
84 multivariate logistic
85 optimization
86 optimization of care
87 outcome variables
88 outcomes
89 patients
90 practice
91 presentation
92 private care
93 private counterparts
94 private healthcare providers
95 private healthcare provision
96 private patients
97 private providers
98 private sector
99 program
100 proportional hazards regression models
101 providers
102 provision
103 public extrapulmonary TB patients
104 public healthcare
105 public patients
106 pulmonary involvement
107 radiological abnormalities
108 radiological examination
109 range
110 regression models
111 report
112 retrospective cohort study
113 samples
114 sector
115 setting
116 short delay
117 significant disparities
118 smear samples
119 smear status
120 smears
121 sputum smear
122 sputum smear status
123 status
124 study
125 suboptimal management
126 testing
127 treatment
128 treatment commencement
129 treatment commencement delays
130 treatment outcomes
131 true comparison
132 tuberculosis incidence
133 tuberculosis management
134 variables
135 schema:name Comparing tuberculosis management under public and private healthcare providers: Victoria, Australia, 2002–2015
136 schema:pagination 324
137 schema:productId Nc257e9f389484feab523d599126ffa0d
138 Nce1d0e6656d2478e8cc8737623307bc9
139 Ne4c33d6cd9144bdab1040894b750dd28
140 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084956871
141 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x
142 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:30
143 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
144 schema:sdPublisher Nad38a1fe22f34e5ebe4c3b315d4a4b2b
145 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x
146 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
147 sgo:sdDataset articles
148 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
149 N0f3dc34f04284640bee80605c8d75f4c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
150 schema:name Patients' Rooms
151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
152 N1435779d23314a1fb4f21be24673d925 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
153 schema:name Health Personnel
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 N22ba369b956e47cd971d87261322babb rdf:first sg:person.01207322775.36
156 rdf:rest N608cb6cc2c4c4c66b0823d4db12d3ede
157 N244e8f68b1954f8cb2fb167f47934057 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
158 schema:name Proportional Hazards Models
159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
160 N3d34e373f1664ea591aeef5cbf32c4e9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
161 schema:name Humans
162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
163 N48a7f45f401846b283fa06eeefb5294b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
164 schema:name Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
166 N4a713eef56054e14901537aac364a258 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
167 schema:name Aged
168 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
169 N608cb6cc2c4c4c66b0823d4db12d3ede rdf:first sg:person.01325777330.12
170 rdf:rest N7d723a81118f43d8963c1c9c173a5ef2
171 N6ef2650b4c6649589d64f85c4623c341 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
172 schema:name Kaplan-Meier Estimate
173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
174 N72375a4f1bbe49ab9768448eee7ac16c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
175 schema:name Sputum
176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
177 N729dd0fff68c4820878e3a7cb298b762 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
178 schema:name Adolescent
179 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
180 N7d723a81118f43d8963c1c9c173a5ef2 rdf:first sg:person.01275001076.79
181 rdf:rest N9343c9e583bb4dd7bd516594d19a153d
182 N9343c9e583bb4dd7bd516594d19a153d rdf:first sg:person.01321573657.32
183 rdf:rest rdf:nil
184 N93f45dad0b3d47e6a858a78e2d61ddc9 rdf:first sg:person.01023145147.18
185 rdf:rest N22ba369b956e47cd971d87261322babb
186 N9f24716e7bd347928043d4fa2d59c919 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
187 schema:name Female
188 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
189 Na33aaa138c594d03975c074597cc4b16 schema:volumeNumber 17
190 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
191 Na90522c6daa441ffb2735dd2cb6f0e99 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
192 schema:name Public Sector
193 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
194 Nad38a1fe22f34e5ebe4c3b315d4a4b2b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
195 rdf:type schema:Organization
196 Nae28afa4256c47c5b98450f354686d0a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
197 schema:name Private Sector
198 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
199 Nb5458ced718247b5918a7bcbb6ca4017 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
200 schema:name Middle Aged
201 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
202 Nc257e9f389484feab523d599126ffa0d schema:name doi
203 schema:value 10.1186/s12879-017-2421-x
204 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
205 Nce1d0e6656d2478e8cc8737623307bc9 schema:name pubmed_id
206 schema:value 28468641
207 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
208 Nd36a6353bc26421a92d72aee652d3a5f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
209 schema:name Male
210 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
211 Nd6b7f83e5edc4088a7f58d535ad6738f schema:issueNumber 1
212 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
213 Ndd47cdab72e3437eb72001b7a39b7d19 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
214 schema:name Adult
215 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
216 Ndff4fede73fa484f9fc781d3a69c0bbd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
217 schema:name Tuberculosis
218 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
219 Ne3596085f085433f8fbdabbbd6fe8144 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
220 schema:name Victoria
221 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
222 Ne4c33d6cd9144bdab1040894b750dd28 schema:name dimensions_id
223 schema:value pub.1084956871
224 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
225 Nfd814bbd8c4847a4adf695335024a1f9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
226 schema:name Retrospective Studies
227 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
228 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
229 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
230 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
231 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
232 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
233 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
234 sg:journal.1024946 schema:issn 1471-2334
235 schema:name BMC Infectious Diseases
236 schema:publisher Springer Nature
237 rdf:type schema:Periodical
238 sg:person.01023145147.18 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.483778.7
239 schema:familyName Dale
240 schema:givenName Katie D.
241 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01023145147.18
242 rdf:type schema:Person
243 sg:person.01207322775.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.453680.c
244 schema:familyName Tay
245 schema:givenName Ee Laine
246 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01207322775.36
247 rdf:type schema:Person
248 sg:person.01275001076.79 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.483778.7
249 schema:familyName Trevan
250 schema:givenName Peter G.
251 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01275001076.79
252 rdf:type schema:Person
253 sg:person.01321573657.32 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.1008.9
254 schema:familyName Denholm
255 schema:givenName Justin T.
256 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01321573657.32
257 rdf:type schema:Person
258 sg:person.01325777330.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.1002.3
259 schema:familyName Trauer
260 schema:givenName James M.
261 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01325777330.12
262 rdf:type schema:Person
263 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-12-369 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015379298
264 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-369
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-8-15 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003514562
267 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-15
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-9-53 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040258982
270 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-53
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6963-13-439 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009039121
273 https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-439
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 sg:pub.10.1186/s12879-014-0624-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009380103
276 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-014-0624-y
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 sg:pub.10.1186/s12879-015-1253-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018694225
279 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-015-1253-9
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 sg:pub.10.1186/s13104-015-1560-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036830182
282 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1560-7
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 grid-institutes:grid.1002.3 schema:alternateName School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
285 schema:name School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
286 Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia
287 rdf:type schema:Organization
288 grid-institutes:grid.1008.9 schema:alternateName Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
289 schema:name Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
290 Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia
291 rdf:type schema:Organization
292 grid-institutes:grid.453680.c schema:alternateName Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria, Australia
293 schema:name Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria, Australia
294 rdf:type schema:Organization
295 grid-institutes:grid.483778.7 schema:alternateName Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia
296 schema:name Victorian Tuberculosis Program, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Victoria, Australia
297 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...