Predictors of poor retention on antiretroviral therapy as a major HIV drug resistance early warning indicator in Cameroon: results from ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Serge Clotaire Billong, Joseph Fokam, Calixte Ida Penda, Salmon Amadou, David Same Kob, Edson-Joan Billong, Vittorio Colizzi, Alexis Ndjolo, Anne-Cecile Zoung-Kani Bisseck, Jean-Bosco Nfetam Elat

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Retention on lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) is essential in sustaining treatment success while preventing HIV drug resistance (HIVDR), especially in resource-limited settings (RLS). In an era of rising numbers of patients on ART, mastering patients in care is becoming more strategic for programmatic interventions. Due to lapses and uncertainty with the current WHO sampling approach in Cameroon, we thus aimed to ascertain the national performance of, and determinants in, retention on ART at 12 months. METHODS: Using a systematic random sampling, a survey was conducted in the ten regions (56 sites) of Cameroon, within the "reporting period" of October 2013-November 2014, enrolling 5005 eligible adults and children. Performance in retention on ART at 12 months was interpreted following the definition of HIVDR early warning indicator: excellent (>85%), fair (85-75%), poor (<75); and factors with p-value < 0.01 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Majority (74.4%) of patients were in urban settings, and 50.9% were managed in reference treatment centres. Nationwide, retention on ART at 12 months was 60.4% (2023/3349); only six sites and one region achieved acceptable performances. Retention performance varied in reference treatment centres (54.2%) vs. management units (66.8%), p < 0.0001; male (57.1%) vs. women (62.0%), p = 0.007; and with WHO clinical stage I (63.3%) vs. other stages (55.6%), p = 0.007; but neither for age (adults [60.3%] vs. children [58.8%], p = 0.730) nor for immune status (CD4351-500 [65.9%] vs. other CD4-staging [59.86%], p = 0.077). CONCLUSIONS: Poor retention in care, within 12 months of ART initiation, urges active search for lost-to-follow-up targeting preferentially male and symptomatic patients, especially within reference ART clinics. Such sampling strategy could be further strengthened for informed ART monitoring and HIVDR prevention perspectives. More... »

PAGES

678

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12879-016-1991-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-016-1991-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036602040

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27846809


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