Atypical aetiology in patients hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia is associated with age, gender and season; a data-analysis on four Dutch ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Vivian M. Raeven, Simone M. C. Spoorenberg, Wim G. Boersma, Ewoudt M. W. van de Garde, Suzanne C. Cannegieter, G. P. Paul Voorn, Willem Jan W. Bos, Jim E. van Steenbergen, On behalf of the Alkmaar study group, On behalf of the Ovidius study group

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Microorganisms causing community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) can be categorised into viral, typical and atypical (Legionella species, Coxiella burnetii, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Chlamydia species). Extensive microbiological testing to identify the causative microorganism is not standardly recommended, and empiric treatment does not always cover atypical pathogens. In order to optimize epidemiologic knowledge of CAP and to improve empiric antibiotic choice, we investigated whether atypical microorganisms are associated with a particular season or with the patient characteristics age, gender, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A data-analysis was performed on databases from four prospective studies, which all included adult patients hospitalised with CAP in the Netherlands (N = 980). All studies performed extensive microbiological testing. RESULTS: A main causative agent was identified in 565/980 (57.7 %) patients. Of these, 117 (20.7 %) were atypical microorganisms. This percentage was 40.4 % (57/141) during the non-respiratory season (week 20 to week 39, early May to early October), and 67.2 % (41/61) for patients under the age of 60 during this season. Factors that were associated with atypical causative agents were: CAP acquired in the non-respiratory season (odds ratio (OR) 4.3, 95 % CI 2.68-6.84), age <60 year (OR 2.9, 95 % CI 1.83-4.66), male gender (OR 1.7, 95 % CI 1.06-2.71) and absence of COPD (OR 0.2, 95 % CI 0.12-0.52). CONCLUSIONS: Atypical causative agents in CAP are associated with respectively non-respiratory season, age <60 years, male gender and absence of COPD. Therefore, to maximise its yield, extensive microbiological testing should be considered in patients <60 years old who are admitted with CAP from early May to early October. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT00471640 , NCT00170196 (numbers of original studies). More... »

PAGES

299

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12879-016-1641-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-016-1641-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032332793

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27317257


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curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12879-016-1641-9'


 

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