Evaluation of the reliability and validity for X16 balance testing scale for the elderly View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Jingjuan Ju, Yu Jiang, Peng Zhou, Lin Li, Xiaolei Ye, Hongmei Wu, Bin Shen, Jialei Zhang, Xiaoding He, Chunjin Niu, Qinghua Xia

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Balance performance is considered as an indicator of functional status in the elderly, a large scale population screening and evaluation in the community context followed by proper interventions would be of great significance at public health level. However, there has been no suitable balance testing scale available for large scale studies in the unique community context of urban China. METHODS: A balance scale named X16 balance testing scale was developed, which was composed of 3 domains and 16 items. A total of 1985 functionally independent and active community-dwelling elderly adults' balance abilities were tested using the X16 scale. The internal consistency, split-half reliability, content validity, construct validity, discriminant validity of X16 balance testing scale were evaluated. RESULTS: Factor analysis was performed to identify alternative factor structure. The Eigenvalues of factors 1, 2, and 3 were 8.53, 1.79, and 1.21, respectively, and their cumulative contribution to the total variance reached 72.0%. These 3 factors mainly represented domains static balance, postural stability, and dynamic balance. The Cronbach alpha coefficient for the scale was 0.933. The Spearman correlation coefficients between items and its corresponding domains were ranged from 0.538 to 0.964. The correlation coefficients between each item and its corresponding domain were higher than the coefficients between this item and other domains. With the increase of age, the scores of balance performance, domains static balance, postural stability, and dynamic balance in the elderly declined gradually (P < 0.001). With the increase of age, the proportion of the elderly with intact balance performance decreased gradually (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The reliability and validity of the X16 balance testing scale is both adequate and acceptable. Due to its simple and quick use features, it is practical to be used repeatedly and routinely especially in community setting and on large scale screening. More... »

PAGES

112

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http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12877-018-0803-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0803-6

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104268172

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29807543


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