The effects of low-repetition and light-load power training on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with sarcopenia: a pilot study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-02

AUTHORS

Kanako Hamaguchi, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Masahiro Fujimoto, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Koji Sato, Takafumi Hamaoka, Kiyoshi Sanada

ABSTRACT

BackgroundAge-related reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) is generally accelerated in women after menopause, and could be even more pronounced in individuals with sarcopenia. Light-load power training with a low number of repetitions would increase BMD, significantly reducing bone loss in individuals at risk of osteoporosis. This study investigated the effects of low-repetition, light-load power training on BMD in Japanese postmenopausal women with sarcopenia.MethodsThe training group (n = 7) followed a progressive power training protocol that increased the load with a weighted vest, for two sessions per week, over the course of 6 weeks. The training exercise comprised five kinds of exercises (squats, front lunges, side lunges, calf raises, and toe raises), and each exercise contained eight sets of three repetitions with a 15-s rest between each set. The control group (n = 8) did not undergo any training intervention. We measured BMD, muscle strength, and anthropometric data.ResultsWithin-group changes in pelvis BMD and knee extensor strength were significantly greater in the training group than the control group (p = 0.029 and 0.030 for pelvis BMD and knee extensor strength, respectively). After low-repetition, light-load power training, we noted improvements in pelvis BMD (1.6%) and knee extensor strength (15.5%). No significant within- or between-group differences were observed for anthropometric data or forearm BMD.ConclusionsSix weeks of low-repetition, light-load power training improved pelvis BMD and knee extensor strength in postmenopausal women with sarcopenia. Since this training program does not require high-load exercise and is therefore easily implementable as daily exercise, it could be an effective form of exercise for sedentary adults at risk for osteoporosis who are fearful of heavy loads and/or training that could cause fatigue.Trial RegistrationThis trial was registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network on 31 October 2016 (UMIN000024651). More... »

PAGES

102

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12877-017-0490-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-017-0490-8

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084956191

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28464798


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