The inverse association between unhealthy eating habit and mucosal healing among patients with ulcerative colitis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-04-07

AUTHORS

Shinya Furukawa, Sen Yagi, Kana Shiraishi, Yu Hashimoto, Shogo Kitahata, Masakazu Hanayama, Kazuhiro Tange, Kenichiro Mori, Tomoyuki Ninomiya, Seiyuu Suzuki, Naozumi Shibata, Hidehiro Murakami, Katsuhisa Ohashi, Aki Hasebe, Hideomi Tomida, Yasunori Yamamoto, Eiji Takeshita, Yoshio Ikeda, Yoichi Hiasa

ABSTRACT

BackgroundAlthough the association between eating habits which can be modified and digestive diseases has been reported, to date, no research has evaluated the association between eating habits and ulcerative colitis (UC). Thus, we investigate the association between eating behavior and clinical outcome in Japanese patients with UC.MethodsEating quickly, eating until full, and skipping breakfast data was obtained from a self-administered questionnaire. Information on clinical outcome was collected from medical records. Mucosal healing (MH) and partial MH was defined as a Mayo endoscopic subscore of 0 or 0–1, respectively. Age, sex, BMI, current smoking, current drinking, prednisolone use, and anti-TNFα monoclonal antibody use were selected a priori as potential confounding factors.ResultsStudy subjects consisted of 294 Japanese patients with UC. Eating at speed moderate and eating quickly were independently inversely associated with MH: the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were 0.38 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.16–0.85) and 0.38 (95% CI 0.17–0.81) (p for trend = 0.033). Eating until full was independently inversely associated with MH: the adjusted OR was 0.38 (95% CI 0.27–0.86). MH in patients who skipped breakfast was marginally lower than that in patients who did not skip breakfast. No association between eating habits and clinical remission or partial MH was found.ConclusionAmong patients with UC, eating rate and eating until full may be independently inversely associated with MH but not clinical remission. More... »

PAGES

152

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12876-021-01724-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12876-021-01724-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136984923

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33827432


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22 schema:description BackgroundAlthough the association between eating habits which can be modified and digestive diseases has been reported, to date, no research has evaluated the association between eating habits and ulcerative colitis (UC). Thus, we investigate the association between eating behavior and clinical outcome in Japanese patients with UC.MethodsEating quickly, eating until full, and skipping breakfast data was obtained from a self-administered questionnaire. Information on clinical outcome was collected from medical records. Mucosal healing (MH) and partial MH was defined as a Mayo endoscopic subscore of 0 or 0–1, respectively. Age, sex, BMI, current smoking, current drinking, prednisolone use, and anti-TNFα monoclonal antibody use were selected a priori as potential confounding factors.ResultsStudy subjects consisted of 294 Japanese patients with UC. Eating at speed moderate and eating quickly were independently inversely associated with MH: the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were 0.38 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.16–0.85) and 0.38 (95% CI 0.17–0.81) (p for trend = 0.033). Eating until full was independently inversely associated with MH: the adjusted OR was 0.38 (95% CI 0.27–0.86). MH in patients who skipped breakfast was marginally lower than that in patients who did not skip breakfast. No association between eating habits and clinical remission or partial MH was found.ConclusionAmong patients with UC, eating rate and eating until full may be independently inversely associated with MH but not clinical remission.
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