Attempting rigour and replicability in thematic analysis of qualitative research data; a case study of codebook development View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Kate Roberts, Anthony Dowell, Jing-Bao Nie

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Navigating the world of qualitative thematic analysis can be challenging. This is compounded by the fact that detailed descriptions of methods are often omitted from qualitative discussions. While qualitative research methodologies are now mature, there often remains a lack of fine detail in their description both at submitted peer reviewed article level and in textbooks. As one of research's aims is to determine the relationship between knowledge and practice through the demonstration of rigour, more detailed descriptions of methods could prove useful. Rigour in quantitative research is often determined through detailed explanation allowing replication, but the ability to replicate is often not considered appropriate in qualitative research. However, a well described qualitative methodology could demonstrate and ensure the same effect. METHODS: This article details the codebook development which contributed to thematic analysis of qualitative data. This analysis formed part of a mixed methods multiphase design research project, with both qualitative and quantitative inquiry and involving the convergence of data and analyses. This design consisted of three distinct phases: quantitative, qualitative and implementation phases. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: This article is aimed at researchers and doctoral students new to thematic analysis by describing a framework to assist their processes. The detailed description of the methods used supports attempts to utilise the thematic analysis process and to determine rigour to support the establishment of credibility. This process will assist practitioners to be confident that the knowledge and claims contained within research are transferable to their practice. The approach described within this article builds on, and enhances, current accepted models. More... »

PAGES

66

Journal

TITLE

BMC Medical Research Methodology

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

19

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113050833

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30922220


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0104", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Statistics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/01", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Mathematical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Primary Health Care & General Practice, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Roberts", 
        "givenName": "Kate", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Primary Health Care & General Practice, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dowell", 
        "givenName": "Anthony", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Otago", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Bioethics Centre, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nie", 
        "givenName": "Jing-Bao", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2012.02945.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000728050"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2006.08.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003251965"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/104973200129118183", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006657852"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/104973200129118183", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006657852"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-08-097086-8.10550-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007059884"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2008.02.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008536117"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1054/cein.2000.0106", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013649404"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.06.030", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017114859"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.06.030", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017114859"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822x05279903", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025610663"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822x05279903", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025610663"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822x10388468", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030943937"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822x10388468", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030943937"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.4770180211", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033043652"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.4770180211", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033043652"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04360.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034193074"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2012.08.013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038055636"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2012.08.013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038055636"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.7.2.191", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064733610"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/160940690600500107", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090822489"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/160940690600500107", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090822489"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xjep.2017.09.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091883786"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4135/9780857020093", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095899080"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4135/9780857020093", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095899080"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100484030", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100484030", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Navigating the world of qualitative thematic analysis can be challenging. This is compounded by the fact that detailed descriptions of methods are often omitted from qualitative discussions. While qualitative research methodologies are now mature, there often remains a lack of fine detail in their description both at submitted peer reviewed article level and in textbooks. As one of research's aims is to determine the relationship between knowledge and practice through the demonstration of rigour, more detailed descriptions of methods could prove useful. Rigour in quantitative research is often determined through detailed explanation allowing replication, but the ability to replicate is often not considered appropriate in qualitative research. However, a well described qualitative methodology could demonstrate and ensure the same effect.\nMETHODS: This article details the codebook development which contributed to thematic analysis of qualitative data. This analysis formed part of a mixed methods multiphase design research project, with both qualitative and quantitative inquiry and involving the convergence of data and analyses. This design consisted of three distinct phases: quantitative, qualitative and implementation phases.\nRESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: This article is aimed at researchers and doctoral students new to thematic analysis by describing a framework to assist their processes. The detailed description of the methods used supports attempts to utilise the thematic analysis process and to determine rigour to support the establishment of credibility. This process will assist practitioners to be confident that the knowledge and claims contained within research are transferable to their practice. The approach described within this article builds on, and enhances, current accepted models.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024940", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-2288"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Medical Research Methodology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "19"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Attempting rigour and replicability in thematic analysis of qualitative research data; a case study of codebook development", 
    "pagination": "66", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "1a9adaa1e3a2b03f69be5c9e2c3fd209e911df26aac7ed93c6742a51be020f63"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1113050833"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "100968545"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30922220"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113050833"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-15T08:48", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000374_0000000374/records_119717_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12874-019-0707-y"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

130 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      46 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y schema:about anzsrc-for:01
2 anzsrc-for:0104
3 schema:author N7775fde3ffbd49ea98ebf72e183894d7
4 schema:citation https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100484030
5 https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.4770180211
6 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-08-097086-8.10550-1
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2006.08.005
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2008.02.008
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2012.08.013
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.06.030
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xjep.2017.09.004
12 https://doi.org/10.1054/cein.2000.0106
13 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04360.x
14 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2012.02945.x
15 https://doi.org/10.1177/104973200129118183
16 https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822x05279903
17 https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822x10388468
18 https://doi.org/10.1177/160940690600500107
19 https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.7.2.191
20 https://doi.org/10.4135/9780857020093
21 schema:datePublished 2019-12
22 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
23 schema:description BACKGROUND: Navigating the world of qualitative thematic analysis can be challenging. This is compounded by the fact that detailed descriptions of methods are often omitted from qualitative discussions. While qualitative research methodologies are now mature, there often remains a lack of fine detail in their description both at submitted peer reviewed article level and in textbooks. As one of research's aims is to determine the relationship between knowledge and practice through the demonstration of rigour, more detailed descriptions of methods could prove useful. Rigour in quantitative research is often determined through detailed explanation allowing replication, but the ability to replicate is often not considered appropriate in qualitative research. However, a well described qualitative methodology could demonstrate and ensure the same effect. METHODS: This article details the codebook development which contributed to thematic analysis of qualitative data. This analysis formed part of a mixed methods multiphase design research project, with both qualitative and quantitative inquiry and involving the convergence of data and analyses. This design consisted of three distinct phases: quantitative, qualitative and implementation phases. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: This article is aimed at researchers and doctoral students new to thematic analysis by describing a framework to assist their processes. The detailed description of the methods used supports attempts to utilise the thematic analysis process and to determine rigour to support the establishment of credibility. This process will assist practitioners to be confident that the knowledge and claims contained within research are transferable to their practice. The approach described within this article builds on, and enhances, current accepted models.
24 schema:genre research_article
25 schema:inLanguage en
26 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
27 schema:isPartOf N6eecc1bfb5a94dab904190169603b53d
28 Ncd133e6be86048809d138eda1ebb4cd6
29 sg:journal.1024940
30 schema:name Attempting rigour and replicability in thematic analysis of qualitative research data; a case study of codebook development
31 schema:pagination 66
32 schema:productId N126a5b309e544406869556701fb80a79
33 N8fde7c10245a4e6e857574ff82be3683
34 Na408f18669014badb23e533d58d20dd8
35 Nd44f70ab5d0e4b63aed43469dc5bd388
36 Nd516da7621164d1f89b97638b0da12fa
37 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113050833
38 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y
39 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-15T08:48
40 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
41 schema:sdPublisher Nf664a7a5a8cc4287ab818cc2fe687a1f
42 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs12874-019-0707-y
43 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
44 sgo:sdDataset articles
45 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
46 N126a5b309e544406869556701fb80a79 schema:name pubmed_id
47 schema:value 30922220
48 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
49 N127eb4b5c54a4ed990ad40fcdbdc2a49 rdf:first N74570f60c68d41f9a7c784d9d1f7e39f
50 rdf:rest N4f49ea09c3974875975568233c2b052d
51 N4f49ea09c3974875975568233c2b052d rdf:first N5e5280f8a1c9403184af1e375e8db0eb
52 rdf:rest rdf:nil
53 N5e5280f8a1c9403184af1e375e8db0eb schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
54 schema:familyName Nie
55 schema:givenName Jing-Bao
56 rdf:type schema:Person
57 N6eecc1bfb5a94dab904190169603b53d schema:issueNumber 1
58 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
59 N74570f60c68d41f9a7c784d9d1f7e39f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
60 schema:familyName Dowell
61 schema:givenName Anthony
62 rdf:type schema:Person
63 N7775fde3ffbd49ea98ebf72e183894d7 rdf:first Nf0d64f8be6d74fd9893b725797453d8f
64 rdf:rest N127eb4b5c54a4ed990ad40fcdbdc2a49
65 N8fde7c10245a4e6e857574ff82be3683 schema:name dimensions_id
66 schema:value pub.1113050833
67 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
68 Na408f18669014badb23e533d58d20dd8 schema:name nlm_unique_id
69 schema:value 100968545
70 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
71 Ncd133e6be86048809d138eda1ebb4cd6 schema:volumeNumber 19
72 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
73 Nd44f70ab5d0e4b63aed43469dc5bd388 schema:name doi
74 schema:value 10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y
75 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
76 Nd516da7621164d1f89b97638b0da12fa schema:name readcube_id
77 schema:value 1a9adaa1e3a2b03f69be5c9e2c3fd209e911df26aac7ed93c6742a51be020f63
78 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
79 Nf0d64f8be6d74fd9893b725797453d8f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a
80 schema:familyName Roberts
81 schema:givenName Kate
82 rdf:type schema:Person
83 Nf664a7a5a8cc4287ab818cc2fe687a1f schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
84 rdf:type schema:Organization
85 anzsrc-for:01 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
86 schema:name Mathematical Sciences
87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
88 anzsrc-for:0104 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
89 schema:name Statistics
90 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
91 sg:journal.1024940 schema:issn 1471-2288
92 schema:name BMC Medical Research Methodology
93 rdf:type schema:Periodical
94 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100484030 schema:CreativeWork
95 https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.4770180211 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033043652
96 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
97 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-08-097086-8.10550-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007059884
98 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
99 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2006.08.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003251965
100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
101 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2008.02.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008536117
102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
103 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2012.08.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038055636
104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
105 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.06.030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017114859
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xjep.2017.09.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091883786
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 https://doi.org/10.1054/cein.2000.0106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013649404
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04360.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034193074
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2012.02945.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000728050
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1177/104973200129118183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006657852
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822x05279903 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025610663
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822x10388468 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030943937
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.1177/160940690600500107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090822489
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.7.2.191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064733610
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.4135/9780857020093 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095899080
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29980.3a schema:alternateName University of Otago
128 schema:name Bioethics Centre, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
129 Department of Primary Health Care & General Practice, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
130 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...