Management of potentially life-threatening emergencies at 74 primary level hospitals in Mongolia: results of a prospective, observational multicenter study View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Davaa Gombo, Ganbold Lundeg, Christian Schmittinger, Martin W. Dünser

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: While the capacities to care for and epidemiology of emergency and critically ill patients have been reported for secondary and tertiary level hospitals in Mongolia, no data exist for Mongolian primary level hospitals. METHODS: In this prospective, observational multicenter study, 74 primary level hospitals of Mongolia were included. We determined the capacities of these hospitals to manage medical emergencies. Furthermore, characteristics of patients presenting with potentially life-threatening emergencies to these hospitals were evaluated during a 6 month period. RESULTS: An emergency/resuscitation room was available in 62.2% of hospitals. One third of the study hospitals had an operation theatre (32.4%). No hospital ran an intensive care unit or had trained emergency/critical care physicians or nurses available. Diagnostic resources were inconsistently available (sonography, 59.5%; echocardiography, 0%). Basic emergency procedures (wound care, 97.3%; foreign body removal, 86.5%; oxygen application, 85.2%) were commonly but advanced procedures (advanced cardiac life support, 10.8%; airway management, 13.5%; mechanical ventilation, 0%; renal replacement therapy, 0%) rarely available. During 6 months, 14,545 patients were hospitalized in the 74 study hospitals, of which 8.7% [n = 1267; median age, 34 (IQR 18-53) years; male gender, 54.4%] were included in the study. Trauma (excl. brain trauma) (20.4%), acute abdomen (16.9%) and heart failure (9.6%) were the most common conditions. Five-hundred-thirty patients (41.8%) were transferred to a secondary level hospital. The hospital mortality of patients not transferred was 3.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Capacities of Mongolian primary level hospitals to manage life-threatening emergencies are highly limited. Trauma, surgical and medical conditions make up the most common emergencies. In view of the fact that almost half of the patients with a potentially life-threatening emergency were transferred to secondary level hospitals and the mortality of those hospitalized in primary level hospitals was 3.2%, room for improvement is clearly evident. Based on our findings, improvements could be obtained by strengthening inter-hospital transfer systems, training staff in emergency/critical care skills and by making mechanical ventilation and advanced life support techniques available at the emergency rooms of primary level hospitals. More... »

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15

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-07-15. Emergency medicine in Nepal: present practice and direction for future in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE
  • 2008-10-01. Differences in critical care practice between an industrialized and a developing country in WIENER KLINISCHE WOCHENSCHRIFT
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12873-017-0127-4

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12873-017-0127-4

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085213882

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28482805


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