Modes of death and clinical outcomes in adult patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in Thailand View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Nattakorn Songsirisuk, Veraprapas Kittipibul, Nilubon Methachittiphan, Vorawan Charoenattasil, Nath Zungsontiporn, Ittikorn Spanuchart, Saranya Buppajarntham, Charoen Mankongpaisarnrung, Sudarat Satitthummanid, Suphot Srimahachota, Pairoj Chattranukulchai, Smonporn Boonyaratavej Songmuang, Sarinya Puwanant

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There are limited data about modes of death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in South East Asian population. The aim of the study was to examine modes of death and clinical outcomes in Thai patients with HCM. METHODS: Between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013, 166 consecutive patients with HCM diagnosed in our institution were evaluated. Five patients were excluded because of non-Thai ethnic groups (n = 3) and diagnosis of myocardial infarction at initial presentation documented by coronary angiography (n = 2). The final study population consisted of 161 patients with HCM. HCM-related deaths included: (1) sudden cardiac death (SCD) - death due to sudden cardiac arrest or unexpected sudden death; (2) heart failure - death due to refractory heart failure; or (3) stroke - death due to embolic stroke associated with atrial fibrillation. MACEs included: (1) SCD, sudden unexpected aborted cardiac arrest, fatal, or nonfatal ventricular arrhythmia (ventricular fibrillation or sustained ventricular tachycardia); (2) heart failure (fatal or non-fatal), or heart transplantation; or (3) stroke - fatal or non-fatal embolic stroke associated with atrial fibrillation. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-one Thai patients with HCM (age 66 ± 16 years, 58% female) were enrolled. Forty-two patients (26%) died over a median follow-up period of 6.8 years including 25 patients (16%) with HCM-related deaths (2%/year). The HCM-related deaths included: heart failure (52% of HCM-related deaths; n = 13), SCD (44% of HCM-related deaths; n = 11), and stroke (4% of HCM-related deaths, n = 1). The SCDs occurred in 6.8% of patients (1%/year). Eighty-four major MACEs occurred in 65 patients (41, 5%/year). The MACEs included: 40 heart failures in which 2 patients underwent heart transplants; 22 SCDs and nonfatal ventricular arrhythmias; and 22 fatal or nonfatal strokes. CONCLUSIONS: The most common mode of death in adult patients with HCM in Thailand was heart failure followed by SCD. About one-third of the patients experiencing heart failure died during the 6.8 years of follow-up. SCDs occurred in 7% of patients (1%/year), predominantly in the fourth decade or later. More... »

PAGES

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12872-018-0984-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12872-018-0984-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111097015

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30606129


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