Effect of cultivation mode on bacterial and fungal communities of Dendrobium catenatum View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-09-21

AUTHORS

Mingmin Zhu, Huihui Chen, Jinping Si, Lingshang Wu

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe orchid growth and development often associate with microbes. However, the interaction between plant performance and microbial communities within and surrounding plants is less understood. Dendrobium catenatum, which used to be an endangered orchid species, has become a billion dollar industry in China. Simulated natural cultivation modes, such as living tree epiphytic (LT) and cliff epiphytic (CE) cultivations, improve the production or quality of D. catenatum and contribute to the development of D. catenatum industry. In a previous study, morphological characteristics, anatomical structure, and main bioactive components (polysaccharides and ethanol-soluble extractives) of D. catenatum grown under LT and CE significantly differed from a facility cultivation mode, pot (PO) cultivation, were observed. Whether cultivation mode affects bacterial and fungal communities of D. catenatum, thereby affecting the chemical quality of this plant, need to be explored.ResultsBoth three plant organs (leaf, stem, and root) and cultivating substrates obtained under three cultivation modes: living tree epiphytic (LT), cliff epiphytic (CE), and pot (PO) cultivation were examined by adopting high-throughput sequencing methods. Subsequently, bacterial and fungal correlations with D. catenatum main chemical components, stem polysaccharides and ethanol-soluble extractives and leaf phenols and flavonoids, were elucidated. The results showed that microbial communities of the plants and substrates are both influenced by the cultivation mode. However, the plants and their cultivating substrates exhibited different patterns of bacterial and fungal composition, with clearly distinguished dominant bacterial groups, but shared dominance among fungal groups. Bacteria and fungi differed in abundance, diversity, and community structure, depending on the cultivation environment and plant organ. Both bacterial and fungal communities were affected by cultivation mode and plant organ. In both plants and substrates, PO bacterial and fungal community structure differed significantly from those of LT and CE modes. Bacterial and fungal community structure differed significantly between roots and the other two plant organs examined (stems and leaves). Several bacteria and fungi were positively correlated with main chemical components in D. catenatum.ConclusionsThe findings indicate that microbial communities of the plants and substrates were both influenced by the cultivation mode and plant organ, and some of them were positively correlated with main chemical components in D. catenatum. The research would enhance our understanding of interactions between Dendrobium and the microbial environment, and to provide a theoretical basis for the development of improved D. catenatum cultivation methods. More... »

PAGES

221

References to SciGraph publications

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    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36127644


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    45 bacteria
    46 bacterial groups
    47 basis
    48 bioactive components
    49 catenatum
    50 characteristics
    51 chemical components
    52 chemical quality
    53 community
    54 community structure
    55 components
    56 composition
    57 correlation
    58 cultivation
    59 cultivation environment
    60 cultivation methods
    61 cultivation mode
    62 development
    63 different patterns
    64 diversity
    65 dollar industry
    66 dominance
    67 dominant bacterial groups
    68 effect
    69 environment
    70 epiphytic
    71 ethanol-soluble extractives
    72 extractives
    73 findings
    74 flavonoids
    75 fungal communities
    76 fungal community structure
    77 fungal composition
    78 fungal groups
    79 fungi
    80 group
    81 growth
    82 high-throughput sequencing methods
    83 industry
    84 interaction
    85 leaf phenols
    86 lt
    87 main bioactive components
    88 main chemical components
    89 method
    90 microbes
    91 microbial communities
    92 microbial environment
    93 mode
    94 morphological characteristics
    95 orchid growth
    96 orchid species
    97 organs
    98 patterns
    99 performance
    100 phenol
    101 plant organs
    102 plant performance
    103 plants
    104 polysaccharides
    105 pot cultivation
    106 previous studies
    107 production
    108 quality
    109 research
    110 results
    111 roots
    112 sequencing methods
    113 species
    114 structure
    115 study
    116 substrate
    117 theoretical basis
    118 trees
    119 understanding
    120 understanding of interactions
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