Genomic features of the polyphagous cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-05-07

AUTHORS

Chao Wu, Lei Zhang, Bo Liu, Bojia Gao, Cong Huang, Ji Zhang, Minghui Jin, Hanyue Wang, Yan Peng, Annabel Rice, Esmat Hegazi, Kenneth Wilson, Pengjun Xu, Yutao Xiao

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis, is a highly polyphagous pest of many cultivated plants and crops in Africa and Europe. The genome of this pest will help us to further understand the molecular mechanisms of polyphagy.ResultsHerein, the high-quality genome of S. littoralis was obtained by Pacific Bioscience (PacBio) sequencing. The assembled genome size of S. littoralis is 436.55 Mb with a scaffold N50 of 6.09 Mb, consisting of 17,207 annotated protein-coding genes. Phylogenetic analysis shows that S. littoralis and its sibling species S. litura diverged about 5.44 million years ago. Expanded gene families were mainly involved in metabolic detoxification and tolerance to toxic xenobiotics based on GO (Gene Ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analysis. Comparative genomics analysis showed that gene families involved in detoxification and chemosensation were significantly expanded in S. littoralis, representing genetic characteristics related to polyphagy and an extensive host range.ConclusionsWe assembled and annotated the reference genome of S. littoralis, and revealed that this pest has the genetic features of strong detoxification capacity, consistent with it being a significant risk to a wide range of host crops. These data resources will provide support for risk assessment and early warning monitoring of major polyphagous agricultural pests. More... »

PAGES

353

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12864-022-08582-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-022-08582-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1147717587

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35525948


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23 schema:description BackgroundThe cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis, is a highly polyphagous pest of many cultivated plants and crops in Africa and Europe. The genome of this pest will help us to further understand the molecular mechanisms of polyphagy.ResultsHerein, the high-quality genome of S. littoralis was obtained by Pacific Bioscience (PacBio) sequencing. The assembled genome size of S. littoralis is 436.55 Mb with a scaffold N50 of 6.09 Mb, consisting of 17,207 annotated protein-coding genes. Phylogenetic analysis shows that S. littoralis and its sibling species S. litura diverged about 5.44 million years ago. Expanded gene families were mainly involved in metabolic detoxification and tolerance to toxic xenobiotics based on GO (Gene Ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analysis. Comparative genomics analysis showed that gene families involved in detoxification and chemosensation were significantly expanded in S. littoralis, representing genetic characteristics related to polyphagy and an extensive host range.ConclusionsWe assembled and annotated the reference genome of S. littoralis, and revealed that this pest has the genetic features of strong detoxification capacity, consistent with it being a significant risk to a wide range of host crops. These data resources will provide support for risk assessment and early warning monitoring of major polyphagous agricultural pests.
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29 schema:keywords Africa
30 ConclusionsWe
31 Europe
32 GO
33 KEGG pathway analysis
34 MB
35 N50
36 Pacific Biosciences sequencing
37 ResultsHerein
38 S. littoralis
39 S. litura
40 Spodoptera littoralis
41 agricultural pests
42 analysis
43 assembled genome size
44 assessment
45 capacity
46 characteristics
47 chemosensation
48 comparative genomic analysis
49 cotton leafworm
50 cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis
51 crops
52 data resources
53 detoxification
54 detoxification capacity
55 early warning monitoring
56 extensive host range
57 family
58 features
59 gene family
60 genes
61 genetic characteristics
62 genetic features
63 genome
64 genome size
65 genomic analysis
66 genomic features
67 high-quality genomes
68 host crops
69 host range
70 leafworm
71 littoralis
72 litura
73 mechanism
74 metabolic detoxification
75 molecular mechanisms
76 monitoring
77 pathway analysis
78 pests
79 phylogenetic analysis
80 plants
81 polyphagous agricultural pest
82 polyphagous pest
83 polyphagy
84 protein-coding genes
85 range
86 reference genome
87 resources
88 risk
89 risk assessment
90 scaffold N50
91 sequencing
92 significant risk
93 size
94 support
95 tolerance
96 toxic xenobiotics
97 wide range
98 xenobiotics
99 years
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