Transposable elements generate regulatory novelty in a tissue-specific fashion View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Marco Trizzino, Aurélie Kapusta, Christopher D. Brown

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transposable elements (TE) are an important source of evolutionary novelty in gene regulation. However, the mechanisms by which TEs contribute to gene expression are largely uncharacterized. RESULTS: Here, we leverage Roadmap and GTEx data to investigate the association of TEs with active and repressed chromatin in 24 tissues. We find 112 human TE families enriched in active regions of the genome across tissues. Short Interspersed Nuclear Elements (SINEs) and DNA transposons are the most frequently enriched classes, while Long Terminal Repeat Retrotransposons (LTRs) are often enriched in a tissue-specific manner. We report across-tissue variability in TE enrichment in active regions. Genes with consistent expression across tissues are less likely to be associated with TE insertions. TE presence in repressed regions similarly follows tissue-specific patterns. Moreover, different TE classes correlate with different repressive marks: LTRs and Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (LINEs) are overrepresented in regions marked by H3K9me3, while the other TEs are more likely to overlap regions with H3K27me3. Young TEs are typically enriched in repressed regions and depleted in active regions. We detect multiple instances of TEs that are enriched in tissue-specific active regulatory regions. Such TEs contain binding sites for transcription factors that are master regulators for the given tissue. These TEs are enriched in intronic enhancers, and their tissue-specific enrichment correlates with tissue-specific variations in the expression of the nearest genes. CONCLUSIONS: We provide an integrated overview of the contribution of TEs to human gene regulation. Expanding previous analyses, we demonstrate that TEs can potentially contribute to the turnover of regulatory sequences in a tissue-specific fashion. More... »

PAGES

468

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    BMC Genomics

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    19

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12864-018-4850-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-018-4850-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104897624

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29914366


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