Comprehensive whole genome sequence analyses yields novel genetic and structural insights for Intellectual Disability View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Farah R. Zahir, Jill C. Mwenifumbo, Hye-Jung E. Chun, Emilia L. Lim, Clara D. M. Van Karnebeek, Madeline Couse, Karen L. Mungall, Leora Lee, Nancy Makela, Linlea Armstrong, Cornelius F. Boerkoel, Sylvie L. Langlois, Barbara M. McGillivray, Steven J. M. Jones, Jan M. Friedman, Marco A. Marra

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intellectual Disability (ID) is among the most common global disorders, yet etiology is unknown in ~30% of patients despite clinical assessment. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is able to interrogate the entire genome, providing potential to diagnose idiopathic patients. METHODS: We conducted WGS on eight children with idiopathic ID and brain structural defects, and their normal parents; carrying out an extensive data analyses, using standard and discovery approaches. RESULTS: We verified de novo pathogenic single nucleotide variants (SNV) in ARID1B c.1595delG and PHF6 c.820C > T, potentially causative de novo two base indels in SQSTM1 c.115_116delinsTA and UPF1 c.1576_1577delinsA, and de novo SNVs in CACNB3 c.1289G > A, and SPRY4 c.508 T > A, of uncertain significance. We report results from a large secondary control study of 2081 exomes probing the pathogenicity of the above genes. We analyzed structural variation by four different algorithms including de novo genome assembly. We confirmed a likely contributory 165 kb de novo heterozygous 1q43 microdeletion missed by clinical microarray. The de novo assembly resulted in unmasking hidden genome instability that was missed by standard re-alignment based algorithms. We also interrogated regulatory sequence variation for known and hypothesized ID genes and present useful strategies for WGS data analyses for non-coding variation. CONCLUSION: This study provides an extensive analysis of WGS in the context of ID, providing genetic and structural insights into ID and yielding diagnoses. More... »

PAGES

403

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12864-017-3671-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-017-3671-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085558876

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28539120


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